Guide to the Papers of Felix Klein (1911-1994)

AR 25356 / MF 1034

Processed by Friederike Haller and LBI Staff

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305



© 2009 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Dianne Ritchey Oummia in January 2009. Description is in English.
September 2010: Links to digital objects added in Container List. 2010-09-20  encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Klein, Janice
Title: Felix Klein Collection
Dates:bulk 1965-1994
Abstract: The Felix Klein Collection documents the work and life of the Vienna-born graphologist Felix Klein. Prominent among the collection is his work as a graphologist and founder of the National Society for Graphology. The papers consist of official documents, newspaper articles, publications, manuscripts and a few photographs.
Languages: The collection is in German and English.
Quantity: 1 linear foot.
Identification: AR 25356 / MF 1034
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

Felix Klein was born in Vienna on January 17th, 1911. His interest in graphology was wakened when he was 13 years old. After apprenticing as a salesman in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) for one year he returned to Vienna in 1931. In Vienna he worked in his father's furniture store. In June 1935 he got married to Lisl Friedmann with whom he later had three sons. From June 1938 until the end of April 1939 he was interned at the concentration camps of Dachau and Buchenwald. There he studied his fellow prisoners' handwritings and developed the Theory of Directional Pressure, later to become a standard procedure in the science of graphology. After his release from the concentration camps he left for London and was a trainee for a year. He arrived in New York in April 1940. (After several years of unemployment he worked in different jobs, he later learned to be a watchmaker.) In 1969 he began to work at "Gain Handwriting Service Inc." which later became "Manhattan Handwriting Consultant." In 1972 he founded the National Society for Graphology, a renowned institute for analyzing handwritings and teaching graphology. Felix Klein was well known within the circle of graphologists, attending congresses and writing articles for newspapers and magazines. He regularly wrote for the Newsletter of the National Society for Graphology and was also a witness in court when handwriting was in question. Besides that he was a dedicated teacher. In 1986 he married Janice Bottenus. Felix Klein died on June 26, 1994.

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Scope and Content Note

The collection deals with the work and life of Felix Klein. Documents of his life, most of them in photocopies, may be found in Series I (personal). Published materials include articles, eulogies and a booklet in his remembrance; some photographs are included, too. Series II (professional) contains mainly Felix Klein's articles for the newsletter of the National Society for Graphology. Not every newsletter in this collection features an article by or about Felix Klein. There are many typed manuscripts on different graphological topics, often combined with psychological questions. There are no drafts, only finished versions. This series also contains announcements of his lectures and classes, as well as invitations to his seminars. There is no manuscript of the Theory of Directional Pressure and only one letter he wrote from Dachau.

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This collection is comprised of two series:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Collection is digitized.

Collection is microfilmed, please use MF 1034.

Access Information

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

A memoir of Felix Klein's time in Dachau may be found in the LBI's archives (ME 1414).

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Custodial History

[information about the chain of ownership of the materials being described, before reaching the archive]

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Collection is available on 2 reels of microfilm (MF 1034).

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Felix Klein Collection; AR 25356; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Container List


Series I: Personal, 1911-1994

This series is in German and English.
3 folders.


Scope and Content:

Series I is comprised of documents providing biographical information on Felix Klein. There are only a few original documents, most of them photocopies made in the 1990s. The same is true for the photographs: a few of them show Felix Klein as a young man and some when he was older. There is a certificate stating that Felix Klein was a "Volljude", and a letter written by him to an American citizen, looking for aid to leave Austria in 1938. Some documents certify that he finished several apprenticeships. Little is known of his time in Dachau and Buchenwald; the collection holds only one letter from Dachau, and there is a much later memoir about his time in the concentration camp. Most biographical facts have to be gleaned from eulogies after his death.

11Biographical Information1994
12Personal life history1931-1938, 1978
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Series II: Professional, 1965-2001

This series is in English.
0.75 linear foot.

By format.

Scope and Content:

This series deals with Felix Klein's work as a professional graphologist. There are several newspaper clippings, reporting on seminars or lectures given by Felix Klein. In addition there is an article reporting that he was wounded in a robbery when working at a jeweler's. Included in the series are a few lectures given at expert congresses for graphologists in Oxford, England and Stuttgart, Germany. They prove that he was convinced of the importance of psychology in the science of graphology. A large part of this series consists of his manuscripts that refer to problems or questions that might occur in graphology. They are all typed. These are amended by newsletter articles from the National Society for Graphology. Though the Theory of Directional Pressure was established by Felix Klein, there is no manuscript on this theory in the collection. It can be seen throughout the series that Felix Klein was a highly acclaimed graphologist.

15Classes, Lectures, Seminars1983-1990
16Lectures held for experts1973-1991
17Manuscripts -- Addictive Personality as seen in Handwriting, Theundated
18Manuscripts -- All Roads Lead to Rhythmundated
19Manuscripts -- Character Structure of Neurosisundated
110Manuscripts -- Combining Graphological Handwriting Judicatorsundated
111Manuscripts -- Ductus, The: The Quality of the Strokeundated
112Manuscripts -- Emotional Release in Handwritingundated
113Manuscripts -- Gestalt Method in Graphologyundated
114Manuscripts -- Extremes in Graphologyundated
115Manuscripts -- Human Character Types of Erich Frommundated
116Manuscripts -- Maturity in Handwritingundated
117Manuscripts -- Max Pulver's Symbolism in Handwriting (condensed and translated)undated
21Manuscripts -- Medical Judicators in Handwritingundated
22Manuscripts -- Power of Form, Theundated
23Manuscripts -- Priorities: A New Typology Based on Alfred Adlerundated
24Manuscripts -- Psychology of the Handwriting of the Child, Theundated
25Manuscripts -- Rhythm, Groundrhythm and Beyondundated
26Manuscripts -- Theories in Handwriting Analysis of Roda Wieser: Basic Rhythmundated
27Manuscripts -- Unconscious in Handwriting, Theundated
28Newsletter (National Society for Graphology)1972 November-1980 March
29Newsletter (National Society for Graphology)1980 April-1986 November
210Newsletter (National Society for Graphology)1987 January-1991 June
  • The Exampler (1987 October)
  • Write-Up, The (1991 October-2001 April)
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