Guide to the Postcards Collection, Undated, 1898-1952
 
I-593

Processed by Kristiana Weseloh

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2017, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Machine-readable finding aid created by Kristiana Weseloh, May 5, 2017. Finding aid was encoded by Kristiana Weseloh on May 10, 2017. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Loeb, Phyllis and Walter
Title: Postcards Collection
Dates:Undated, 1898-1952
Abstract: U.S. Synagogue Series The synagogue postcard series contains one hundred postcards of synagogues across the United States and U.S. Virgin Islands. Some postcards are of the same synagogue, but from different time periods. It includes one private mailing card, a few labeled souvenir cards and nineteen post cards from the Undivided Back Period (1901-1907).
Languages: The collection is in English.
Quantity: .25 linear feet (1 half manuscript box)
Identification: I-593
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
Location: Located in AJHS New York, NY
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Historical Note
Linen Period Postcard, Temple Sholom Chicago

Postcard of Temple Sholom Chicago

U.S. Synagogue Series:

This collection originated from the donor and was arranged in a binder by city. It includes one private mailing card, nineteen post cards from the Undivided Back Period, 1901-1907 and ten from the linen period, (1930-1945).

The history of post cards in the United States begins in the mid-nineteenth century and originated from government produced mailing cards. The first actual postcard, known as “Postal Card” was issued in 1893. These cards were designed so one side of the card had a picture and message and the flip side was for the address only. Then in 1898, Congress allowed private companies to start printing postal cards. They were called a “Private Mailing Card” to distinguish that they were not government produced. This collection contains one private mailing card of a New York City synagogue (2013.030.054). In 1901 the Postmaster General changed the name officially to “Post Card.” This early period (1901-1907) is known as the Undivided Back Period because messages were not yet allowed to be written on the same side as the recipient’s address so no dividing line between message and address was printed. This signature feature would usher in the next shift in postcards known as the Divided Back Period (1907-1915). When government passed legislation allowing messages to be written next to the address. It is also known as the “Golden Age of Postcards” because postcards became increasingly popular during this time.

Following the Golden Age, printing styles shifted over the next several decades and changed the look of the postcard. This collection has several examples of each of these different printing styles. From 1915-1930, there is the introduction of the white border as production moved from Germany to the United States during WWI and the quality of post cards fell. In order to save money, U.S. printers began using a white border. Beginning in the early 1930s, printers were able to produce higher quality cards. The process gave the appearance of being printed on linen. This sparked the era known as the Linen Period (1930-1945). This collection has ten examples of linen postcards (2013.030.011-013, 018, 020, 040, 058, 069, 073, 085). In 1939 the development of the photochrom postcard was established. These cards resemble photographs and are the popular standard we still see today.

Postcard History, Smithsonian Institution Archives

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Scope and Content Note

U.S. Synagogue Series

The synagogue postcard series contains 106 postcards of synagogues from cities across the United States and U.S. Virgin Islands. A number of the postcards are of the same synagogue, but from different years. Some postcards are written on and postmarked, but many are blank.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged into one series as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

The processing of this collection establishes the basis of the AJHS Postcard Collection and will eventually be expanded to include other postcards not currently catalogued.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Postcards Collection; I-593; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Acquisition Information

A portion of this collection related to historic synagogues was donated by Phyllis and Walter F. Loeb to YIVO, who then transferred the collection to the American Jewish Historical Society, 2013.

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Access Points

This collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Click the box in the request column to open the form that allows you to request a box for onsite viewing in the reading room at the Center for Jewish History, New York, NY.

 

Series I: U.S. Synagogues, Undated, 1898-1952

English.
Box 1, Folders 2-2.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by state.

Scope and Content:

See Collection Scope and Content Note.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
11California-New York1898-1952request_box
12Ohio-Washington, Netherland Antilles, Misc.1898-1952request_box
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