Guide to the Papers of the Office of the Military Government; Restitution Claims
1946 - 1950 bulk 1948

AR 6304

Processed by Angela Lawrence

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2011 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Angela Lawrence in April 2011. Description is in English.
July 2012 Links to digital objects added in Container List. Content is only accessible on-site at the Center for Jewish History.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Office of the Military Government for Germany (United States)
Title: Office of the Military Government for Germany (United States); Restituion Claims
Dates:1946 - 1950
Dates:bulk 1948
Abstract: This collection consists of restitution claims submitted to OMGUS, the Office of the Military Government for Germany (United States), which administered the United States occupation zone and the U.S. Berlin sector during the Allied occupation of Germany after World War II. Restitution claims routinely originated with the Military Mission that represented the county from which property was looted, stolen or destroyed under German occupation during World War II. These cases were forwarded to OMGUS for investigation and resolution.
Languages: The collection is in English, German, French, Russian, Italian, Danish and Dutch.
Quantity: 1.5 linear feet
Identification: AR 6304
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Historical Note

The Office of the Military Government for Germany (United States) (OMGUS) functioned as part of the United States arm of the Allied Control Authority and administered the United States occupation zone and the U.S. Berlin sector of occupied Germany after World War II. OMGUS was established by order of United States Forces, European Theater of Operations (USFET) in 1945. With the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949, OMGUS was formally abolished by order of US European Command, and the Restitution and Reparations Branch was dissolved. As OMGUS was being abolished gradually, some of its functions were transferred to organs of the United States High Commissioner for Germany.

The Restitution and Reparations Branch of OMGUS created policies and procedures, located and returned property to the countries from which claimed property had been looted during World War II. Restitution claims routinely came from the Military Mission that represented the country from which property was looted, and those claims were forwarded to OMGUS Economics Division. Claims were administered by the Restitution Control Branch which oversaw the identification, storage and transport of claimed property. OMGUS officials investigated claims, traced the property, and either resolved or dropped cases. In some cases, property was located and returned to claimants. Some cases were dropped if OMGUS determined that property was destroyed or if OMGUS traced property to other Allied Sectors where the United States had no authority to retrieve property.

Sources:

National Archives, "Records of U.S. Occupation Headquarters, World War II."

National Archives and Records Administration. 2005. “Records of the Monument, Fine Arts, and Archives (MFAA) Section of the Reparations and Restitution Branch, OMGUS, 1945-1951”.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of case file claims that in originated in several European nations for restitution of property that was looted, stolen or destroyed under German occupation during World War II. Case files in this collection contain international correspondence from military missions, correspondence among OMGUS divisions, and statements from civilians, local businesses and corporations. Restitution claims were sought by private citizens, small businesses, corporations and national governments for a many types of property: architectural equipment, art objects, factory machinery, foodstuffs, heavy equipment, household objects and furnishings, livestock, masonry materials, raw materials, shares and stocks, textiles and clothing, tools, and vehicles.

Restitution claims found in this collection were sought for property from Denmark, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia. Case files consist of documents from respective military missions that establish the initial claim for property, inventories and descriptions of property, and testimonies from claimants, witnesses, assigned custodians, and inspectors. Case files may also contain correspondence from parties in possession of claimed property at the time of investigation. Correspondence among OMGUS divisions and branches concerns the investigation of claims, the location of property, resolution of cases, property storage and transport.

Throughout this collection, there exists correspondence from parties in possession of claimed property at the time of investigation. Several corporations appear with frequency: Askania-Werke Aktiengesellschaft, Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft, Deutsche Hollerith Maschinen Gesellschaft MBH, Deutscher Verlag, Fritz Werner Maschinen Gesellschaft MBH. An index of correspondence from all possessors, witnesses, assigned custodians and inspectors supplements the collection.

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Arrangement

This collection consists of twelve series, arranged alphabetically. Each series pertains to the county of origin of the restitution claim. Within each series, cases are arranged alphabetically by name of claimant.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Digital material is only accessible on-site.

Access Information

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

Collection is digitized with access restrictions. Links in the Container List can be accessed by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

Image of the Office of Military Government (U.S.) Germany, building

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Custodial History

This collection was transferred from the National Archives and Records Administration to the Leo Baeck Institute in 1981.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Office of the Military Government for Germany (US); Restitution Claims Collection; AR 6304; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

An index of defendants in possession of claimed property, witnesses, assigned custodians and inspectors has been added to each box of this collection. A copy of the index can be found in folders 1a and 37a, respectively.

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Container List

Follow the links to access the digitized materials.

 

Series I: Denmark, 1948

This series is in English, German, and Danish, Russian and French.
0.2 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution cases generated by the Danish Military Mission. This series contains correspondence signed by Major General E.A.M. Biering , Chief of the Danish Military Mission to the Allied Control Authority in Germany (Den Danske Militaermission ved den Allierede Kontrolmyndighed I Tyskland). This series also contains an index for the entire collection of correspondence from defendants and witnesses.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1a Index of defendants and witnesses undated
1 1b Denmark: Claimants A 1948 Mar - Aug
1 2 Denmark: Claimants B-F 1948 Mar - Aug
1 3 Denmark: Claimants G 1948 Mar - Aug
1 4 Denmark: Claimants H - Th 1948 Mar - Sep
1 5 Denmark: Claimant Titan A/S 1948 Mar - 1949 Jan
1 6 Denmark: Claimants unknown 1948 Apr - Sep
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Series II: France, 1946 - 1950

This series is in English, German and French.
0.75 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files initiated by the French Mission for Restitution.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 7 France: Claimants A - B 1947 - 1948
1 8 France: Claimants C 1946 - 1948
1 9 France: Claimants D - E 1947 - 1948
1 10 Etat Français, Ministère de l'Industrie et du Commerce 1947 - 1948
1 11 Etat Français, Ministère de l'Industrie et du Commerce 1948
1 12 France: Claimants G - L 1946 - 1948
1 13 France: Claimants M - R 1947
1 14 (OBIP) Office des Biens et Intérêt Privés Paris 1947 - 1950
1 15 France: Claimants S - W 1947 - 1948
1 16 France: Claimants unknown 1946 Feb Dec
1 17 France: Claimants unknown 1947 Jan - Feb
1 18 France: Claimants unknown 1947 Mar
1 19 France: Claimants unknown 1947 Apr - Jun
1 20 France: Claimants unknown 1947 Jul-Aug
1 21 France: Claimants unknown 1947 Sep
1 22 France: Claimants unknown 1947 Oct-Dec
1 23 France: Claimants unknown 1948 Jan - Feb
1 24 France: Claimants unknown 1948 Mar
1 25 France: Claimants unknown 1948 Apr
1 26 France: Claimants unknown 1948 May
1 27 France: Claimants unknown 1948 Jun
1 28 France: Claimants unknown 1948 Jul
1 29 France: Claimants unknown 1948 Aug - Dec
1 30 France: Claimants unknown 1949 -
1 31 France: Claimants unknown 1950 Jan-Feb
1 32 France: Claimants unknown 1950 Mar - Dec
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Series III: Greece, 1946 - 1947

This series is in English and French.
1 folder
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution claims submitted to OMGUS from the Greek military mission.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 33 Greece: Claimants unknown 1946 -1947
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Series IV: Hungary, 1946 - 1950

This series is in English and German.
1 folder
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files that originated in Hungary.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 34 Hungary: Claimants unknown 1946 - 1950
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Series V: Italy, 1946 - 1950

This series is in English and German.
2 folders
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files initiated by the Italian Mission for Restitution to Italy.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 35 Italy: Claimants I - S 1946 - 1948
1 36 Italy: Claimants unknown 1947 - 1950
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Series VI: Luxembourg, 1945 - 1947

This series is in English and German.
2 folders
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files that originated in Luxembourg. An index for the entire collection of correspondence from defendants and witnesses can also be found here.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 37a Index of defendants and witnesses undated
2 37b Claimant: Laval-Tudor, León 1945 - 1947
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Series VII: Netherlands, 1946 - 1949

This series is in English, German, Dutch and Russian.
0.16 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files initiated by the Netherlands Military Mission to the Allied Control Council in Germany. There is correspondence regarding the transportation costs of restituted items.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 38 Netherlands: Claimants unknown 1946-1947
2 39 Netherlands: Claimants unknown 1947-
2 40 Netherlands: Claimants unknown 1948 Jan-Aug
2 41 Netherlands: Claimants unknown 1949 Sep
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Series VIII: Norway, 1946 - 1948

This series is in English and German.
1 folders
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files that originated in Norway.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 42 Claimant: Gudenrath, Dr. Eduard 1946 - 1948
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Series IX: Poland, 1946 - 1950

This series is in English and German.
0.16 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files initiated by the Polish Mission for Restitution to Poland.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 43 Poland: Claimants unknown 1946 Dec - 1947 Oct
2 44 Poland: Claimants unknown 1948 Jan - Nov
2 45 Poland: Claimants unknown 1949 Sep
2 46 Poland: Claimants unknown 1950 Jan
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Series X: Romania, Socialist Republic of, 1948

This series is in English and German.
1 folder
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files that originated in Romania.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 47 Romania: Claimants unknown 1948 Mar
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Series XI: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 1947 - 1950

This series is in English, German and Russian.
3 folders
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files initiated by the government of the Soviet Union.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 48 USSR: Claimants M - U 1947 - 1948
2 49 USSR: Claimants unknown 1947 - 1948
2 50 USSR: Claimants unknown 1949 - 1950
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Series XII: Yugoslavia, Federal People's Republic of, 1946 - 1950

This series is in English and German.
3 folders
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

This series contains restitution case files initiated by the French Mission for Restitution.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 51 Yugoslavia: Claimants D - Z 1946 - 1947
2 52 Yugoslavia: Claimants unknown 1946 May - 1947 May
2 53 Yugoslavia: Claimants unknown 1948 May - 1950 Jun
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