Mount Sinai Hospital (New York, N.Y.) Records
1851-1994
(bulk 1870-1976)

I-37

Processed by AJHS staff and Patricia Glowinski.

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2016, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Patricia Glowinski in August 2014. Description is in English.
December 2014. An addition of one reel of microfilm from the AJHS Microfilm Collection was incorporated into Series I: Subject files by Patricia Glowinski.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Mount Sinai Hospital
Title: Mount Sinai Hospital (New York, N.Y.) Records
Dates:1851-1994
Dates:bulk 1870-1976
Abstract: The Mount Sinai Hospital Records document efforts to establish a Jewish hospital in New York City and the subsequent founding and growth of that hospital, the Jews' Hospital in New York, later renamed Mount Sinai Hospital. The Mount Sinai Hospital became one of the largest teaching hospitals in the United States. Included in the collection are annual reports, clippings, minutes, invitations, pamphlets, programs, publications. Of special note are two folders of compiled memos written by Mount Sinai Hospital staff while serving overseas during World War Two.
Languages: The collection is primarily in English, with some material in Hebrew.
Quantity: 2.25 linear feet (4 manuscript boxes and 1 half manuscript box)
Identification: I-37
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
Location: Located in AJHS New York, NY
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Historical Note
MSH image

Image of Mount Sinai Hospital in 1858

Mount Sinai Hospital was incorporated as the Jews' Hospital in New York on January 14, 1852 for "benevolent, charitable, and scientific purposes." Founders of the Jews' Hospital included philanthropist Sampson Simson and Jacques Judah Lyons. The Hospital's first building was a four-story building with 45 beds located at 138 West 28th Street between 7th and 8th Avenues in Manhattan. It opened to the public on May 17, 1855. During the American Civil War, the Hospital opened its wards to Union soldiers and extra beds and personnel were added to accommodate the war patients. Following the Civil War, in 1866, the name of the hospital was changed to Mount Sinai Hospital to reflect its mission to serve its community regardless of race or religion.

As immigration to New York City increased in the second half of the 19th century, hospital services also increased. Needing more space and bed capacity, the Hospital moved to a new building in 1871. The new hospital had 120 beds and was located on Lexington Avenue, extending from 66th to 67th Streets. During the 1870s, the Hospital established an Outdoor Dispensary with four divisions: Medical, Surgical, Gynecological, and Children's. It also established inpatient Medical and Surgical Services, an inpatient Gynecological Department, an inpatient Children's Department, and an Eye and Ear Service.

The 1880s saw the establishment of the Mount Sinai Hospital Training School for Nurses (renamed the Mount Sinai Hospital School of Nursing), the development of the Hospital's library, and an addition of another 70 beds to the Hospital. As the turn of the century approached, the Hospital once again outgrew its bed capacity. A new site was purchased on Fifth Avenue in the East Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan. Ten original buildings were planned with a capacity of 456 beds. The new hospital building was dedicated on March 15, 1904.

In the first half of the 20th century, the Hospital added many new departments and services including the Department of Dietetics (1905), the Social Service Department (1906), the Otological Service (1909), the Dental Department (1910), the Physical Therapy Department (1910), the Psychiatry Clinic (1920), the Occupational Therapy Department (1924), the Metabolism Clinic (1924), and the Neurosurgical Service (1932). The Hospital also established post-graduate medical instruction and it became officially affiliated with the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University in 1923. Another key affiliation was formed in 1936 with the Neustadter Home, a convalescent care facility in Yonkers, New York. During World War One and World War Two, the Hospital also established military hospitals abroad and staff from Mount Sinai Hospital served in the Armed Forces, many in medical capacities.

During the last half of the 20th century, Mount Sinai Hospital continued to grow and in 1963 the Mount Sinai School of Medicine (now called the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai) was chartered. In 1968, the Mount Sinai Medical Center was formed between four institutions: Mount Sinai Hospital, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Nursing, and the Neustadter Convalescent Center. The 1980s saw more expansion for the Medical Center with the addition of the Guggenheim Pavilion, a massive building designed by I. M. Pei. As of 2014, the Medical Center comprises numerous buildings between Fifth and Park Avenues from 98th to 102nd Streets, as well as numerous affiliations throughout the New York metropolitan area.

References

Mount Sinai Hospital Annual Report, 1941; Mount Sinai Hospital Records; I-37; box 2; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

"Who We Are." Mount Sinai Hospital. Accessed August 19, 2014. http://www.mountsinai.org/about-us/who-we-are

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Scope and Content Note

The Mount Sinai Hospital Records document the effort to establish a Jewish hospital in New York City, as well as chronicle the founding and growth of Mount Sinai Hospital (originally named the Jews' Hospital in New York) as it developed from a small hospital only able to accommodate 45 patients, into one of the largest teaching hospitals in the United States. Along with the material dating from 1851 to 1852 pertaining to the establishment of the Jews' Hospital (mostly fundraising efforts), the collection also includes material relating to the opening of all three of the Hospital's locations in Manhattan. Annual reports comprise the majority of the collection, but there are also clippings, minutes, invitations, pamphlets, programs, and publications. Of special note are two folders of compiled memos written by Mount Sinai Hospital staff while serving overseas during World War Two.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged into two series:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

AJHS holds a related archival collection with material about Jewish hospitals: Isidore Meyer Papers (P-905), Series III: Writings and Research

Mount Sinai Hospital itself maintains an archives, with information available here: http://library.mssm.edu/services/archives

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Separated Material

The Adolphus Solomons Jews' Hospital Honorary Membership Certificate, 1852, has been moved to the Adolphus Simeon Solomons Papers (P-28). The certificate is located in Box OSF1, Folder 1.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Mount Sinai Hospital (New York, N.Y.) Records; I-37; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Acquisition Information

Portions of the collection were donated to AJHS in separate accessions dating from 1894-1949. These include the Program for the Inauguration of the Jews' Hospital, donated by Clarence S. Nathan in 1894, and three other donations of annual reports and the newsletter, Mount Sinai News, in 1935, 1947, and 1949. The names of the donors were not recorded. It is not known how and when the remainder of the collection was acquired by AJHS.

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Processing Information

The collection was previously partially processed and a box list was created, date and author unknown. In 2014, the collection was reboxed and refoldered and .25 linear feet of out of scope material was discarded.

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Bibliography

The AJHS Library holds books and other material related to Mount Sinai Hospital and Jewish hospitals. These may be found by searching the catalog of the Center for Jewish History. http://search.cjh.org

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

 

Series I: Subject files, 1851-1994

The series is primarily in English, with a few items in Hebrew.
Box 1, Folders 1-16 (.5 linear feet).
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by subject.

Scope and Content:

This series contains material recording efforts to establish a Jewish hospital in New York City, but primarily consists of material documenting the Jews' Hospital in New York (renamed Mount Sinai Hospital) following its incorporation in 1852. Included in the series are programs and related material chronicling the laying of the cornerstones of the first, second, and third (current) locations of Mount Sinai Hospital. Of note regarding the laying of the cornerstone for the second hospital building is a program, proceedings, and handwritten prayer (in Hebrew) from Jacques Judah Lyons (1813-1877), one of the founders of Mount Sinai Hospital. The publications and printed matter include various reports, programs, and pamphlets. The folders titled Grand Rounds are compiled bulletins featuring news snippets from Mount Sinai Hospital medical staff and associated alumni who served in the United States armed forces during World War Two. The Ground Rounds bulletins include vignettes describing personal experiences, as well as descriptions of illnesses, injuries, and medical treatments. The bulletins also list the name, last known rank, and last known address of Mount Sinai Hospital staff and alumni serving in the armed forces from 1943 to 1945. The microfilm, comprising one reel, contains items dating from 1852-1889 that document early Mount Sinai Hospital history. The material was microfilmed by Columbia University Libraries. Included are committee minutes, banquet programs and printed matter, clippings, and a report of the Directors (1853). A few of the microfilmed items appear to be duplicates of (or similar to) material included in Series I, such as the cornerstone laying ceremony material.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
1 1 Certificates and receipts 1852-1868 request_box
1 2 Chaplaincy Department report 1982 request_box
1 3 Clippings [1935], 1944, 1980-1994 request_box
1 4 Grand Rounds - memos from Mount Sinai to their fellows in the services (1 of 2) 1943-1945 request_box
1 5 Grand Rounds - memos from Mount Sinai to their fellows in the services (1 of 2) 1943-1945 request_box
1 6 Hospital Committee minutes 1851-1852, 1861 request_box
1 7 Invitations and programs 1901-1950 request_box
1 8 Jews' Hospital in New York - Banquet and Ball at Niblo's Saloon invitation 1858 October request_box
1 9 Laying of cornerstone ceremony invitation and inauguration order of service program 1855 request_box
1 10 Laying of cornerstone - prayer, proceedings, and program 1870 May request_box
Box TitleDate
Microfilm Drawer 9   Microfilm circa 1970
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
1 11 Mount Sinai Hospital Alliance - bylaws, annual report, and newsletter undated, 1904, 1908-1909 request_box
1 12 Mount Sinai Training School for Nurses reports 1892-1903 request_box
1 13 New hospital building open house invitation 1872 request_box
1 14 Publications and printed matter 1878-1937 request_box
1 15 Publications and printed matter 1940s request_box
1 16 Publications and printed matter 1950-1973 request_box
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Series II: Annual Reports, 1867-1976

In English.
Boxes 2-5 (1.75 linear feet).
Arrangement:

Chronological. With the exception of Box 5, the annual reports are not in folders but are still in chronological order within each box.

Scope and Content:

The annual reports record yearly updates about various aspects of the hospital. Information provided in the reports include lists of hospital officers, administration, and committees, medical and surgical staff lists, house staff lists, reports from various departments, financial reports and statistics, lists of donors and endowed beds, and medical and hospital statistics.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
5 6 Annual report 1867 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
2 Annual reports (bound volume) 1873-1877request_box
2 Annual report 1895 request_box
2 Annual report 1902 request_box
2 Annual report 1903 request_box
2 Annual report 1911 request_box
2 Annual report 1931 request_box
2 Annual report 1932 request_box
2 Annual report 1933 request_box
2 Annual report 1934 request_box
2 Annual report 1935 request_box
2 Annual report 1936 request_box
2 Annual report 1937 request_box
2 Annual report 1938 request_box
2 Annual report 1939 request_box
2 Annual report 1940 request_box
2 Annual report 1941 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
3 Biennial report 1942-1943 request_box
3 Annual report 1944 request_box
3 Annual report 1945 request_box
3 Annual report 1946 request_box
3 Annual report 1947 request_box
3 Annual report 1948 request_box
3 Annual report 1949 request_box
3 Annual report 1950 request_box
3 Annual report 1951 request_box
3 Annual report 1952 request_box
3 Annual report 1953 request_box
3 Annual report 1954 request_box
3 Annual report 1955 request_box
3 Annual report 1956 request_box
3 Annual report 1957 request_box
3 Annual report 1958 request_box
3 Annual report 1959 request_box
3 Annual report 1960 request_box
3 Annual report 1961 request_box
3 Annual report 1962 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
4 Annual report 1963 request_box
4 Annual report 1964 request_box
4 Annual report 1965 request_box
4 Annual report 1966 request_box
4 Annual report 1968 request_box
4 Annual report 1969 request_box
4 Annual report 1970 request_box
4 Annual report 1971 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
5 1 Annual report 1972 request_box
5 2 Annual report 1973 request_box
5 3 Annual report 1974 request_box
5 4 Annual report 1975 request_box
5 5 Annual report 1976 request_box
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