Guide to the Papers of Harold and Judith S. Einhorn,
1964, 1973-1979

P-996

Processed by Andrey Filimonov

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2017, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Andrey Filimonov in February 2015. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Einhorn, Harold and Judith S.
Title: Harold and Judith S. Einhorn Papers
Dates:1964, 1973-1979
Abstract: Personal papers of Soviet Jewry Movement activists Harold and Judith S. Einhorn. Residents of Laverock, PA, husband and wife Harold and Judith S. Einhorn were among the pioneers of the grassroots Soviet Jewry movement. Harold Einhorn chaired the Temple Beth Tikvah Community Relations Committee and Judith S. Einhorn chaired the Soviet Jewry Committee at Congregation Adath Jeshurun.
Languages: The collection is in English.
Quantity: 1 folder
Identification: P-996
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
Location: Located in AJHS New York, NY
Return to the Top of Page

Historical Note
 Philadelphia area Jews picketing the Soviet Embassy in Washington, D. C., 1964.

Philadelphia area Jews picketing the Soviet Embassy in Washington, D. C., 1964.

The Papers of Harold and Judith S. Einhorn represent one collection housed within the Archive of the American Soviet Jewry Movement (AASJM). These papers reflect the effort, beginning in the 1960s through the late 1980s, of thousands of American Jews of all denominations and political orientations to stop the persecution and discrimination of Jews in the Soviet Union. The American Soviet Jewry Movement (ASJM) is considered to be the most influential movement of the American Jewish community in the 20th century. The beginnings of the organized American Soviet Jewry Movement became a model for efforts to aid Soviet Jews in other countries, among them Great Britain, Canada, and France. The movement can be traced to the early 1960s, when the first organizations were created to address the specific problem of the persecution and isolation of Soviet Jews by the government of the Soviet Union.

Residents of Laverock, Pennsylvania—husband and wife Harold and Judith S. Einhorn—were among the pioneers of the grassroots Soviet Jewry movement. Starting in 1964, the chairman of the Temple Beth Tikvah Community Relations Committee, Harold Einhorn, cooperated with the leaders of several other synagogues and congregations in the Philadelphia area to take their members on the so-called "pilgrimages of protest" —trips to Washington, D. C. to picket the Soviet Embassy in protest of the antisemitism behind the Iron Curtain. After these initial protests, picketing of the Soviet Embassy became an established and accepted means of protest by the American Jewish community in its call for an end to persecution and discrimination, and for Soviet Jewry's right to emigrate. The "pilgrimages of protest" were favorably acknowledged by the US government. The groups' leaders participated in conferences with the representatives of the State Department and met with consultants of President Lyndon B. Johnson. The participants received multiple encouraging telegrams from their elected representatives in Congress. As chairperson of the Soviet Jewry Committee at Congregation Adath Jeshurun, Judith S. Einhorn worked to get her community involved in the Soviet Jewry movement. She coordinated mass letter writing to Jews in the USSR and telegrams to the U.S. elected officials, provided information and instructions for making phone calls to the Soviet Union and personally kept in touch with Refusenik families in dire need of moral and material assistance. She undertook special projects, like planting trees in honor of the families adopted by her congregation. 1

Return to the Top of Page

Scope and Content Note

The collection reflects Harold and Judith S. Einhorn's involvement in the Soviet Jewry movement. The materials include clippings on the stories pertaining to the Einhorns' activism from the local press, correspondence with Refusenik families in the Soviet Union, and with the United States elected officials and instructional materials from Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry.

The collection consists of one folder.

Return to the Top of Page

Arrangement

The collection is arranged into a single series.

Return to the Top of Page

Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:

American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, N.Y., 10011 email: reference@ajhs.org

Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

The Papers of Harold and Judith S. Einhorn is one individual collection within the Archive of the American Soviet Jewry Movement (AASJM) located at the American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS). Other Soviet Jewry Movement collections at AJHS include the records of Action for Soviet Jewry (I-487), the National Conference on Soviet Jewry (I-181 and I-181A), the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (I-410, I-410A), the Bay Area Council for Soviet Jews and Bay Area Council for Jewish Rescue and Renewal (I-505 and I-505A), Houston Action for Soviet Jewry (I-500), Seattle Action for Soviet Jewry (I-507), The Jewish Chronicle Soviet Jewry Collection (I-523), B'nai B'rith Klutznick National Jewish Museum Soviet Jewry Movement Collection (I-529), Chicago Action for Soviet Jewry (I-530), Religious Action Center for Reform Judaism (I-538), United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism (I-543), Jewish Family Service of Greater New Orleans (I-547), Jewish Defense League (I-374) the papers of Joel Ackerman (P-787), Julia Mates Cheney (P-806), Jerry Goodman (P-863), Laurel and Alan J. Gould (P-866), Carolyn W. Sanger (P-870), Leah Lieberman (P-869), Si Frumkin (P-871), Elaine Pittell (P-873), Sanford A. Gradinger (P-880), Shaul Osadchey (P-882), Leonard S. Cahan (P-883), Doris H. Goldstein (P-887), David H. Hill (P-888), Margery Sanford (P-889), Pinchas Mordechai Teitz (P-891), David Waksberg (P-895), Pamela B. Cohen (P-897), Moshe Decter (P-899), William Korey (P-903), Morey Schapira (P-906), Charlotte Gerper Turner (P-907), Myrtle Sitowitz (P-908), Kathleen M. Hyman (P-911), Babette Wampold (P-912), Rabbi David Goldstein and Shannie Goldstein (P-918), Leslie Schaffer (P-923), Arthur Bernstein (P-925), Dolores Wilkenfeld (P-927), Sylvia Weinberg (P-928) , Irwin H. Krasna (P-934) , Constance S. Kreshtool (P-935), Betty Golomb (P-938), Grayce Perlbinder (P-942), Mort Yadin (P-943), Ann Polunsky (P-886), Lillian Foreman (P-945), Marilyn Labendz(P-946), Abraham Silverstein(P-947), Bert Silver (P-949), Billie Kozolchyk (P-950), John Steinbruck (P-951), Lawrence I. Lerner (P-952), Ruth Geller Gold (P-953), Efry Spectre (P-954), Alan M. Kohn (P-956), Frank Brodsky (P-957), Victor Borden (P-959), Estelle Newman (P-960), Carol S. Kekst (P-961), Linda Rutta (P-965), Rachel Braun (P-967), Jack Forgash (P-968), Michael Greene (P-969), Judith A. Manelis (P-970), Fred Greene (P-971), Harry Lerner (P-972), Alan L. Cohen (P-973), Murray Levine (P-974), Jack Minker (P-975) and Barry Marks (P-993).

American Soviet Jewry Movement Oral Histories Collection (I-548) contains audio and video interviews with activists of the American Soviet Jewry Movement, former Refuseniks and Prisoners of Conscience.

American Soviet Jewry Movement Photographs (I-495) contains digitized photographs from The Archives of the American Soviet Jewry Movement.

American Soviet Jewry Movement Posters and Ephemera Collection (I-566) contains digitized posters and ephemera from The Archives of the American Soviet Jewry Movement.

Additional materials from other collections include records dealing with the Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry (SSSJ) located within the North American Jewish Students Appeal (NAJSA, I-338) and the records of the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council (NJCRAC, I-172). Related records are also located at the AJHS in Newton Centre, MA including memorabilia and ephemera of the New England Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry (I-237) and the Records of the Student Coalition for Soviet Jewry—Brandeis University (I-493).

Return to the Top of Page

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Harold and Judith S. Einhorn Papers; P-996 ; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

Return to the Top of Page

Acquisition Information

Donated by Harold and Judith S. Einhorn in 2006.

Return to the Top of Page

Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Harold and Judith S. Einhorn Papers, 1964, 1973-1979

The series is in English.
One folder.
Scope and Content:

See the collection Scope and Content Note.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
CB10 1 Harold and Judith S. Einhorn Papers 1964, 1973-1979 request_box
Return to the Top of Page