Guide to the Papers of Jack Minker (1927- ),
undated, 1962, 1972-1997, 2002-2003, 2005-2006, 2008-2011

*P-975

Processed by Andrey Filimonov

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2014, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Andrey Filimonov in July 2013. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Minker, Jack
Title: Jack Minker (1927- ) Papers
Dates:Papers, undated, 1962, 1972-1997, 2002-2003, 2005-2006, 2008-2011
Abstract: The collection documents the activism of Dr. Jack Minker, a leading authority in artificial intelligence, on behalf of foreign scientists whose human rights and scientific freedom were violated. The bulk of the collection focuses on Soviet Jewish Refuseniks, such as cyberneticist Alexander Lerner, mathematicians Victor Brailovsky and Anatoly Sharansky, and a dissident human rights activist, nuclear physicist Andrei Sakharov. The documents include manuscripts, correspondence, memos, notes, publications, news clippings, and photographs.
Languages: The collection is in English and Russian.
Quantity: 11.5 linear feet (21 manuscript boxes, 1 bankers box)
Identification: P-975
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
Location: Located in AJHS New York, NY
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Biographical and Historical Note

Professor Emeritus, Department of Computer Science, UMIACS, University of Maryland, Dr. Jack Minker is a widely-published expert in artificial intelligence, deductive databases, logic programming and nonmonotonic reasoning.

While researching the works of foreign computer scientists, Dr. Minker became acutely aware that the scientific freedom and human rights of scientists in non-democratic societies were systematically violated. He decided to take up the cause of scientific freedom and human rights and became Vice-chair, Computer Science for the Committee of Concerned Scientists (CCS), shortly after it was founded in 1972. In addition to his activities in the CCS, Dr. Minker worked with other organizations with similar missions: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) as Vice-chair for the Committee on Scientific Freedom and Human Rights; Scientists for Sakharov, Orlov, and Sharansky; and the International Coalition in Support of Sakharov. He also became involved in the Soviet Jewry movement on a broader scale by serving as an Honorary Board member of the Washington Committee for Soviet Jewry, and collaborating with the Union of Council for Soviet Jews.

With the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), Dr. Minker published four reports that listed over 300 computer scientists whose human rights had been violated. The reports pertained predominantly to Soviet Jewish scientists, but also featured scientists from Argentina, Chile, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Iran, Kenya, Pakistan, the Peoples Republic of China, Poland, Romania, South Africa, and Uruguay.

Dr. Minker is a laureate of several awards for his work in human rights, including the ACM’s Outstanding Contribution Award in Human Rights, and the New York Academy of Sciences Human Rights Committee’s Heinz R. Pagels Award. In 2012 Jack Minker published his book Scientific Freedom and Human Rights: Scientists of Conscience During the Cold War (IEEE Computer Society Press).

References

Biographic sketch of Jack Minker. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://prism.cs.umd.edu/people/minker.html

Minker, J. (2012). Scientific freedom and human rights: scientists of conscience during the Cold War. Los Angeles: IEEE Computer Society.

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Scope and Content Note

The bulk of the collection represents Dr. Jack Minker's work in human rights during the 1970s through the early 1990s. The documents include manuscripts, correspondence, memos, notes, publications, news clippings and photographs.

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Arrangement

The collection is divided into five series as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Executive Director of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email:reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

The Papers of Jack Minker is one individual collection within the Archive of the American Soviet Jewry Movement (AASJM) located at the American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS). Other Soviet Jewry Movement collections at AJHS include the records of Action for Soviet Jewry (I-487), the National Conference on Soviet Jewry (NCSJ; I-181 and I-181A), the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (I-410, I-410A), Houston Action for Soviet Jewry (I-500), Bay Area Council for Soviet Jews (I-505), Seattle Action for Soviet Jewry (I-507), The Jewish Chronicle Soviet Jewry Collection (I-523), B'nai B'rith Klutznick National Jewish Museum Soviet Jewry Movement Collection (I-529), Chicago Action for Soviet Jewry (I-530), Religious Action Center for Reform Judaism (I-538), United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism (I-543), Jewish Family Service of Greater New Orleans (I-547), Jewish Defense League (I-374) the papers of Joel Ackerman (P-787), Julia Mates Cheney (P-806), Jerry Goodman (P-863), Laurel and Alan J. Gould (P-866), Carolyn W. Sanger (P-870), Leah Lieberman (P-869), Si Frumkin (P-871), Elaine Pittell (P-873), Sanford A. Gradinger (P-880), Shaul Osadchey (P-882), Leonard S. Cahan (P-883), Doris H. Goldstein (P-887), David H. Hill (P-888), Margery Sanford (P-889), Pinchas Mordechai Teitz (P-891), David Waksberg (P-895), Pamela B. Cohen (P-897), Moshe Decter (P-899), William Korey (P-903), Morey Schapira (P-906), Charlotte Gerper Turner (P-907), Myrtle Sitowitz (P-908), Kathleen M. Hyman (P-911), Babette Wampold (P-912), Rabbi David Goldstein and Shannie Goldstein (P-918), Leslie Schaffer (P-923), Arthur Bernstein (P-925), Dolores Wilkenfeld (P-927), Sylvia Weinberg (P-928) , Irwin H. Krasna (P-934) , Constance S. Kreshtool (P-935), Betty Golomb (P-938), Grace Perlbinder (P-942), Mort Yadin (P-943), Ann Polunsky (P-886), Lillian Foreman (P-945), Marilyn Labendz(P-946), Abraham Silverstein(P-947), Bert Silver (P-949), Billie Kozolchyk (P-950), John Steinbruck (P-951), Lawrence I. Lerner (P-952), Ruth Geller Gold (P-953), Efry Spectre (P-954), Alan M. Kohn (P-956), Frank Brodsky (P-957), Victor Borden (P-959), Estelle Newman (P-960), Carol S. Kekst (P-961), Linda Rutta (P-965), Rachel Braun (P-967), Jack Forgash (P-968), Michael Greene (P-969), Judith A. Manelis (P-970), Fred Greene (P-971), Harry Lerner (P-972), Alan L. Cohen (P-973) and Murray Levine (P-974).

Jack Minker's book Scientific Freedom and Human Rights: Scientists of Conscience During the Cold War.(IEEE Computer Society, Los Angeles, 2012) is available at the library of the American Jewish Historical Society.

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Provenance

Donated by Jack Minker in 2013.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Jack Minker (1927- ) Papers; P-975; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Series I: Correspondence, Undated, 1974-1978, 1980-1988, 1993-1997, 2006, 2010-2011

English.
Boxes 1-2.
Arrangement:

Chronological.

Scope and Content:

Series I contains Dr. Minker's correspondence related to Soviet Jewry, and broader human rights issues.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Correspondence 1974
1 2 Correspondence 1974
1 3 Correspondence 1975
1 4 Correspondence 1975
1 5 Correspondence 1976
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 1 Correspondence 1977-1978, 1980-1983
2 2 Correspondence 1984-1988, 1993-1997, 2006, 2010-2011
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Series II: Human Rights Chronological File, undated, 1972-1990, 1992-1994, 2005-2006

English, Russian.
Boxes 2-9.
Arrangement:

Chronological.

Scope and Content:

Series II contains correspondence, memos, notes, clippings, and background materials related to Jack Minker's work in human rights. The materials predominantly relate to Jews in the Soviet Union, but also contains information on human rights violations in Argentina, Poland, China, Pakistan, Bahrain, and other countries. The series also contain an index to Jack Minker's letters found in the files. The letters index is available in electronic form on Jack Minker's personal page of the University of Maryland. The index may not exactly correspond with the contents of the files.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 3 Human Rights Chronological File 1972-1973
2 4 Human Rights Chronological File 1973-1975
2 5 Human Rights Chronological File 1975
BoxFolderTitleDate
3 1 Human Rights Chronological File 1975
3 2 Human Rights Chronological File 1975
3 3 Human Rights Chronological File 1976
3 4 Human Rights Chronological File 1977
3 5 Human Rights Chronological File 1977
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 1 Human Rights Chronological File 1977
4 2 Human Rights Chronological File 1978
4 3 Human Rights Chronological File 1978
4 4 Human Rights Chronological File 1978
4 5 Human Rights Chronological File 1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
5 1 Human Rights Chronological File 1979
5 2 Human Rights Chronological File 1979
5 3 Human Rights Chronological File 1979
5 4 Human Rights Chronological File 1980
5 5 Human Rights Chronological File 1980
BoxFolderTitleDate
6 1 Human Rights Chronological File 1981
6 2 Human Rights Chronological File 1982
6 3 Human Rights Chronological File 1982
6 4 Human Rights Chronological File 1982
6 5 Human Rights Chronological File 1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 1 Human Rights Chronological File 1984
7 2 Human Rights Chronological File 1984
7 3 Human Rights Chronological File 1984
7 4 Human Rights Chronological File 1985
7 5 Human Rights Chronological File 1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 1 Human Rights Chronological File 1987
8 2 Human Rights Chronological File 1987
8 3 Human Rights Chronological File 1988
8 4 Human Rights Chronological File 1988
8 5 Human Rights Chronological File 1989
8 6 Human Rights Chronological File 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
9 1 Human Rights Chronological File 1990
9 2 Human Rights Chronological File 1990
9 3 Human Rights Chronological File 1992-1994
9 4 Human Rights Chronological Files, Index to 2005-2006
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Series III: Alexander Lerner, Undated, 1974-1986, 1988-1989, 1996

English, Russian.
Boxes 9-15.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

Series III contains materials on Minker's work on behalf of a professor of cybernetics and Soviet Jewish Refusenik, Alexander Lerner. Jack Minker compiled and edited an Alexander Lerner festschrift, chaired an AAAI panel session in his honor, and was instrumental in Lerner eventually receiving permission to leave the Soviet Union for Israel in 1988. The documents include a manuscript of festschrift, papers for the festschrift in Russian and English, correspondence, and materials on events related to Alexander Lerner.

BoxFolderTitleDate
9 5 Lerner, Alexander - AAAI Panel Session in Honor of Lerner's Seventieth Birthday, Chaired by Jack Minker 1983
9 6 Lerner, Alexander - Chronological File 1974-1976
9 7 Lerner, Alexander - Chronological File 1977
9 8 Lerner, Alexander - Chronological File 1978-1979
BoxFolderTitleDate
10 1 Lerner, Alexander - Chronological File 1983
10 2 Lerner, Alexander - Chronological File 1983
10 3 Lerner, Alexander - Chronological File 1984
10 4 Lerner, Alexander - Chronological File 1984
10 5 Lerner, Alexander - Correspondence 1979-1981, 1996
10 6 Lerner, Alexander - Correspondence 1976, 1978-1979
BoxFolderTitleDate
11 1 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1982, 1984
11 2 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1985
11 3 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1985
11 4 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1985
11 5 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1985
BoxFolderTitleDate
12 1 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1985
12 2 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1985
12 3 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1986
12 4 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1986
12 5 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Correspondence and Source Articles 1986
12 6 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Manuscript 1986, 1988-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
13 1 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Manuscript 1986
13 2 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Manuscript 1986
13 3 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Manuscript 1986
13 4 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Papers in Russian undated
13 5 Lerner, Alexander - Festschrift - Papers in Russian undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 1 Lerner, Alexander - Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Tbilisi, USSR and Other Scientific Events 1975
14 2 Lerner, Alexander - Lerner Circle (London); The Odyssey of Alexander Lerner by Jack Minker undated, 1979, 1981-1982
14 3 Lerner, Alexander - Non-Monotonic Logic: A Panel Session in Honor of A. Lerner, Karlsruhe, Germany 1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 1 Lerner, Alexander - Papers for Festschrift in Russian undated
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Series IV: Subject Files, Undated, 1967, 1973-1990, 1992, 1996-1997, 2002-2003, 2005-2006, 2009

English, Russian.
Boxes 16-21.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically by subject.

Scope and Content:

Series IV contains files on a variety of organizations, individuals and events pertaining to Jack Minker's human rights activism.

BoxFolderTitleDate
16 1 Address File undated, 1984-1985
16 2 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) - Articles on Human Rights 1974-1982, 1985-1986, 1989-1990
16 3 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) - Committee on Scientific Freedom and Human Rights (ACM - CSFHR) - Letters to Individuals and Organizations undated, 1981-1982
16 4 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) - Correspondence 1978-1979
16 5 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) - Correspondence 1979-1980
16 6 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) - Jack Minker's Reports 1979-1981, 1985, 1987, 1990, 1997
16 7 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) - Outstanding Contribution Award in Human Rights - Announcements and Letters 1985
16 8 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) - Special Interest Group on Artificial Intelligence (SIGART) - Jack Minker's Letter to Members Regarding Boycott of International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence 1975
16 9 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) - Committee on Computers and Public Policy, Committee on Scientific Freedom and Human Rights, Draft Reports - Jerusalem Conference on Information Technology 1975, 1977-1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
17 1 Brailovsky, Victor: Correspondence and Papers 1978-1979
17 2 Brailovsky, Victor: Correspondence and Papers 1979
17 3 Brailovsky, Victor: Correspondence and Papers 1980
17 4 Brailovsky, Victor: Correspondence and Papers 1980-1981
17 5 Brailovsky, Victor: Court Proceedings 1982
17 6 Brailovsky, Victor: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Paper 1980-1981
17 7 Cohen, Jack - Article "Confessions of a Jewish Activist" undated
17 8 Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) - Follow-up Meeting 1987
17 9 Committee of Concerned Scentists - Antisemitism in Moscow State University 1979-1981
17 10 Committee of Concerned Scentists - Reports on Lerner, Kislik, Fein, Zelichonok; Jack Minker's Trip Report to USSR 1983-1984, 1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
18 1 Committee of Concerned Scientists 1973-1974
18 2 Committee of Concerned Scientists - Annual Meetings 1996, 2003, 2009
18 3 Committee of Concerned Scientists - Correspondence and Reports 1984-1985
18 4 Committee of Concerned Scientists - Correspondence and Reports 1985
18 5 Committee of Concerned Scientists - Correspondence 1977
18 6 Committee of Concerned Scientists - Dissident Scientists 1981-1982
18 7 Committee of Concerned Scientists - Hirsch, Dorothy 1987
18 8 Committee of Concerned Scientists - Human Rights Materials by J. Minker and M. Kozodoy undated, 2002-2003
18 9 Committee of Concerned Scientists - Meeting, March 1, 2009 2009
18 10 Computer Professionals and Human Rights Violations - Lecture and Overview by Jack Minker 1983
18 11 Computer Professionals Whose Scientific Freedom and Human Rights Have Been Violated, Lists of 1987-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
19 1 Computer Professionals Whose Scientific Freedom and Human Rights Have Been Violated, Report by Jack Minker 1980-1982
19 2 Computer Professionals Whose Scientific Freedom and Human Rights Have Been Violated, Report by Jack Minker 1982
19 3 Computer Professionals Whose Scientific Freedom and Human Rights Have Been Violated, Report by Jack Minker 1984
19 4 Computer Professionals Whose Scientific Freedom and Human Rights Have Been Violated, Report by Jack Minker - Corrections by Boris Katz 1984
19 5 Computer Professionals Whose Scientific Freedom and Human Rights Have Been Violated, Report by Jack Minker - Corrections by Dorothy Hirsch undated
19 6 Computer Professionals Whose Scientific Freedom and Human Rights Have Been Violated, Report by Jack Minker - Draft With Corrections 1988
19 7 Ershov, Andrei, Professor 1967, 1975, 1978-1979, 2005
19 8 Firdman, Henry (includes photo) 1979
19 9 Grechanovsky, Eugene 1983-1985
19 10 Helsinki Watch Committee 1982
BoxFolderTitleDate
20 1 Human Rights - Miscellaneous Materials 1974-1977, 1981, 1985-1988
20 2 Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) - Human Rights 1979
20 3 International Conference on Collective Phenomena undated, 1977-1981
20 4 International Conference on Collective Phenomena, Moscow, April 13-15, 1980 1979-1980, 1982
20 5 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence at MIT, August 22-26, 1977 1977
20 6 International Conference on Collective Phenomena: Trip Report by M. Sarachnik, List of Soviet Refusenik Lecturers September 1981
20 7 Jack Minker and the Cause of Scientists in the Former Soviet Union by Richard Schifter 1992
20 8 Kilov, Haim undated, 1980, 1985, 1987
20 9 Lerner, Alexander; Begun, Iosif; Makarov, Igor - Discussion on Human Rights; Lerner Reception; Begun Documentary 1981, 1984-1990
20 10 McCarthy, John undated
20 11 Moscow Scientific Seminar - Trip Report by Earl Callen and Anthony Ralston 1981
20 12 News Services undated
20 13 Osipova Tatyana and Kovalev, Ivan undated, 1986
20 14 Plotz, Paul, Dr. - Notes on Remarks at a Symposium in Honor of Jack Minker's Birthday 1975, 1986, 1992, 2003, 2006
20 15 Poland- Human Rights Situation, List of Political Prisoners 1983-1984
20 16 Ponomaerv, Vladimir 1996
BoxFolderTitleDate
21 1 Refusenik Computer Professionals, List of undated, 1981-1982, 1985, 1987, 1989
21 2 Rosh Ha Shanah Sermon: "Soviet Jews: How Can we Help Them" by Jack Minker, University of Maryland, October 2, 1978 1978
21 3 Sakharov, Andrei 1978, 1983-1985
21 4 Sakharov, Andrei - Articles on Jack Minker's Activities on Behalf of A. Sakharov undated, 1984-1985, 1989, 1996
21 5 Sakharov, Andrei - Birthday Concert at Kennedy Center 1981
21 6 Science, Sharansky and the Soviets - An Opinion Paper by Jack Minker 1978
21 7 Scientists and Engineers Awaiting Permission to Emigrate, Lists of 1986
21 8 Sharansky, Anatoly 1978-1979
21 9 Soviet Consultation by National Conference on Soviet Jewry and International Council of B'nai B'rith March 24, 1982
21 10 Tarnopolsky, Yuri 1986
21 11 Washington Committee for Human Rights in Argentina 1982
21 12 Werner Frank Committee on Jerusalem Conference on Information Technology 1974-1978
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Series V: Publications, 1971, 1974-1978, 1981-1992, 1996, 2008, 2010-2011

English, Russian.
Box 21.
Scope and Content:

Series V contains newsletters, magazines, and US government publications related to Soviet Jewry and broader human right issues. Included are UCSJ Quarterly Report newsletter, Human Rights Situation in Nicaragua, Vigil newsletter (Washington Committee for Soviet Jewry), USSR News Briefs (edited by Cronid Lubarsky), Science magazine (American Association for the Advancement of Science), SIGART Newsletter, The Journal of the Academic Proceeding of Soviet Jewry, Vol. 2: Science Behind the Iron Curtain, a Tribute to Alexander Yakovlevich Lerner on his Seventieth Birthday with foreword by Jack Minker, Henry Stewart Publications (1990), and other publications.

BoxFolderTitleDate
22 (bankers box) 1 Publications undated, 1971, 1974-1978, 1981-1992, 1996, 2008, 2010-2011
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