Guide to the Mediaş Jewish Community Collection, 1896-circa 1950 

AR 25498

Processed by Julie Dawson

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2013 Leo Back Institute, New York. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Finding aid encoded in EAD 2002 by Timothy Ryan Mendenhall on 2013-01-21. Finding aid written in English.
May 22, 2014  Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Creator:Dawson, Julie
Title:Mediaş Jewish Community Collection
Dates:1896-circa 1950
Abstract:This collection contains select pre-World War II and war-time documents from the archives of the Mediaş community. The documents primarily comprise membership lists, other personal registration forms, and photographs.
Languages:This collection is in German, Romanian and Hungarian.
Quantity:0.25 linear feet : 6 folders + 1 oversized folder and digital images
Identification:AR 25498
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute Archives
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Biographical Note

The Jewish community of Mediaş was founded in the mid-19th century by families from the surrounding villages and immigrants from Bohemia. During World War II there were no mass deportations but under communism virtually all members emigrated to either Israel, the United States, or western Europe.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection contains select pre-World War II and war-time documents from the archives of the Mediaş community. The documents primarily comprise membership lists, other personal registration forms, and photographs.

The membership lists in folder 1 are typed and arranged alphabetically by family, they include birth years, addresses, and sometimes additional information. The registration forms in folder 3 were distributed by the central offices of the Jewish community of Romania. They include a picture of the person, birthplace and date, education level, military service, and position held in the community structure.

The following names are included in the registration forms in folder 3:

The handwritten chart in folder 4, entitled "Chart of Deportees Settled in Mediaş," includes first and last names, place and date of birth, marriage status, and occupation. Most individuals are from Bukovina or northern Transylvania. It is not clear whether the chart was made after 1945 and refers to deportees returning from both Transnistria and Auschwitz (where most northern Transylvanians were deported) or whether it was created during the war and refers only to deportees to Transnistria, some of which were permitted to return to Romania prior to 1945 and were frequently placed with existing Jewish communities throughout the country.

The photographs in folder 5 include images of the Jewish school, which was built in 1928 adjacent to the synagogue and other photographs of the synagogue and rabbi's house, probably dating to the 1950s or 1960s. There are also photographs of a ceremony held in Mediaş in 1945 for the Jews of Europe murdered during the Holocaust. These photographs include pictures of a march through the town of Mediaş to the cemetery and various men speaking at a new monument. The additional photographs of tombstones are unidentified but may be of the Kappel family cemetery, not the main Jewish cemetery. The architectural plans in OS folder 146 include drawings for workers residences which factory owner, Benjamin Citron, constructed. Citron was also president of the community at the time and instigated the construction of a Jewish school, new mikvah, and additional decorative elements for the synagoge.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

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Access Points

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

For additional photographs, see also Mediaş Jewish Community Photograph Collection (AR 25402).

Statutes of the community (folder 7) have been digitized separately.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Mediaş Jewish Community Collection; AR 25498; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Follow the links to access the digitized materials.

 

Container list:

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Lists of community members with birthdate and address1941-1948
12Lists of members arranged by birth year (1854-1905)undated
13Community employee registration forms1942
14Chart of deportees who settled in Mediaşundated, circa 1945
15Photographs of synagogue, cemetery, miscellaneous1928-1945
16Miscellaneous other documentscirca 1920s-1945
17Statutes of the community1896-circa 1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1461Architectural plans for Jewish school and Citron factory workers' residences1926-1928
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