Guide to the Papers of Georg Landauer (1895-1954)
1656-1975

AR 6007 / MF 593

Processed by Carole E. Garinger and by Irmgard Foerg (Addendum II).

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2002 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Machine-readable finding aid created by Stanislav Pejša as GeorgLandauer.doc in November 2002. Electronic finding aid converted to EAD 1.0 by Stanislav Pejša in November 2002 . Description is in English.
2010-03-23  encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl September 2004. Converted to ead 2002. Revised as GeorgLandauer02.xml by Dianne Ritchey Oummia. Removed deprecated elements and attributes, updated repository codes, added language codes, changed doctype declaration, etc. January 2006. Entities removed from EAD finding aid.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Georg Landauer and Lou Landauer
Title: Georg Landauer Collection
Abstract: Georg Landauer was born November 17, 1895 in Cologne, Germany and died February 5, 1954 in New York. He studied law and obtained his degree in 1923. An ardent Zionist, he worked in various capacities, always a very active figure in public and political life in Jerusalem and later in the State of Israel. The collection contains political writings and research notes by Georg Landauer, correspondence, newspaper clippings, and photographs.
Languages: This collection is in German, Hebrew, English, and French.
Quantity: 3.2 linear feet
Accession number: AR 6007
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

Born on November 17, 1895, in Cologne, Germany. Georg Landauer was a lawyer, journalist, and Zionist leader. He was active in the Zionist youth movement Blau-Weiss and the student organization Kartell Juedischer Verbindungen. He was a founder of the German branch of Ha-Poel Ha-Zair. Georg Landauer became director of the Berlin Palestine Office in 1925 and in 1929 of the Zionist Federation of Germany. After his emigration to Palestine in 1934, he was involved in politics in the Yishuv, especially as founder of Aliyah Hadasha, a party based in the German immigrant community, and in Aliyah and absorption matters, particularly as financial director of Youth Aliyah. Georg Landauer served twenty years (1934-1954) as a managing director of the Jewish Agency Central Bureau for the Settlement of German Jews. After the Second World War ended Georg Landauer was involved in negotiating for reparations and restitution of the property of German Jews in Germany. He emigrated to the United States in 1953 and died in New York City on February 4, 1954.

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Scope and Content Note

Correspondence of Georg Landauer, along with related third-party correspondence, with individuals, including Leo Baeck, David Ben-Gurion, Norman Bentwich, Kurt Blumenfeld, Walter Breslauer, Hermann Broch, Martin Buber, Levi Eshkol, Benjamin Ferencz, Nahum Goldmann, Berl Katznelson, Hans Kohn, Max Kreutzberger, Judah Magnes, Siegfried Moses, Hans Reichmann, Felix Rosenblueth (later Pinchas Rosen), Hans Schaeffer, Werner David Senator, Moshe Shertok, Ernst Simon, Moshe Smilansky, Henrietta Szold, Hans Tramer, Chaim Weizmann, and Alfred Wiener, on various topics, including Zionism, Jewish-Arab relations, immigration and Youth Aliyah, and restitution and reparations.

Essays, speeches, reports, and articles by Landauer and others on Zionism in Germany, the Yishuv and Israel (including material on Ha-Poel Ha-Zair, Brith Shalom, and Aliyah Hadasha), restitution, vocational retraining, and matters related to immigration and absorption. Records, including memoranda, reports, publications, and correspondence of various organizations, including Zionistische Vereinigung fuer Deutschland; the German Department of the Jewish Agency, dealing with Zionist politics, restitution, reparations, and Israeli economic development; and Brith Shalom, dealing with Jewish-Arab relations. Original documents concerning Jews in Central Europe, from the seventeenth through the twentieth century, including decrees, letters of protection, and citizenship papers largely from Frankfurt am Main and Hanover; manuscripts by Landauer, along with supporting material and research notes, on the legal status and economic activity of Jews in Central and Eastern Europe, from the Middle Ages to the twentieth century; minutes of meetings, posters, fliers, and clippings of the German soldiers' council in Poltava in the Ukraine, 1918-1919.

Papers of the Landauer family, including the doctoral dissertation of Georg Landauer's grandfather, Rabbi Gabriel Joshua Landauer, entitled "Der Judeneid."

Photos, including an album of a Ludwig Tietz Handwerkerschule, in Yagur, Palestine, in the 1930s; administrative and military maps of Israel.

The collection is in German, Hebrew, English, and French.

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Arrangement

The collection contains eight series.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

Access Information

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

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Separated Material

The photos were taken out of the collection and are stored separately in the Photo Collection. The following three books written by Gabriel Josua Landauer are administered through the Library of the Leo Baeck Institute.

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Microfilm

The collection is on eight reels of microfilm (MF 593):

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Georg Landauer Collection; AR 6007; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Series I: Manuscripts and Notes, 1656-1957

Scope and Content:

Series I: Manuscripts and Notes is comprised of Georg Landauer's academic and political works. The series contains manuscripts of his articles, including his early texts from 1916. The goals and principles of Zionism and Jewish immigration to Palestine were prominent topics of Landauer's writing. The series also holds a number of decrees (Schutzbriefe) that guaranteed protection to the Jews in German cities in the 17th and 18th century, both originals and photocopies, along with notes for a book on Jewish rights in Germany in the Middle Ages. Notes for Landauer's lectures and his other books, for instance Das geltende juedische Minderheitenrecht mit besonderer Beruecksuechtigung Osteuropas, are also to be found here, as well as the manuscript by Georg Landauer's grandfather, Rabbi Gabriel Landauer, Der Judeneid.

A. Articles

Box Folder Title Date
1 1. [1] Index and Inventory of Articles by Georg Landauer undated
1 2. [1] Manuscripts 1916-1938
1 3. [1] Manuscripts 1939-1945
1 4. [1] Manuscripts 1946-1957
1 5. [2] Youth Aliyah 1908-1952
1 6. [3] Notes for Lectures and a Book Addresses of Famous People in London and Paris undated
1 7. [4] Notes for a Book on Orpheus and his Cult 1946-1957

B. Material for a Book on Jewish rights in Germany

Box Folder Title Date
2 8. [5] Decrees - Originals 1656-1776
2 9. [5] Decrees - Photocopies 1074-1812
2 10. [6] Notes undated
2 11. [7] Notes undated
2 12. [8] Notes undated
Box Folder Title Date
3 13. [9] Notes undated
3 14. [9] Notes undated

C. Manuscripts

Box Folder Title Date
3 15. [10] Notes for Das geltende juedische Minderheitenrecht mit besonderer Beruecksichtigung Osteuropas 1924
3 16. [11] Landauer, Gabriel Josua: Der Judeneid, (Rabbinatskandidat), Kassel, undated, 250 p. 1842?

D. Documents

Box Folder Title Date
3 17. Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland 1939
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Series II: Newspaper Articles and Clippings, 1918-1954

Scope and Content:

This series consists of newspaper clippings and published articles mostly written by Georg Landauer. Most of these articles are devoted to the political situation in Palestine and in Israel, problems of Jewish immigration, German Jewry and Children and Youth Aliyah. Many of the articles also appear bound in a scrapbook. The reviews of Landauer's book on protection of Jewish minorities, clippings related to the Jewish-Arab relationship in Palestine, and some other subjects are also part of the series.

A. Articles

Box Folder Title Date
4 18. [12] Articles 1941-1953
4 19. [13] Articles in a Scrapbook 1922-1953
4 20. [14] Articles 1918-1926

B. Newspaper Clippings

Box Folder Title Date
4 21. [15a] Arab Refugees, Border Incidents, etc. 1948-1953
4 22. [15a] Arab Policy Statements 1947-1954
4 23. [15a] Rosenberg - Spy case 1953
Box Folder Title Date
5 24. [15b] General Jewish and Israel Topics 1951-1954
5 25. [15b] General Jewish and Israel Topics 1953
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Series III: Correspondence, 1930-1954

Scope and Content:

The topics that appear in the correspondence cover Zionism, Jewish-Arab relations, immigration and Youth Aliyah, prosecution of Jews in Germany in the 1930s, and restitution and reparations for the German Jews and other political topics.

A. Restitution

Box Folder Title Date
5 26. [16] Restitution 1943-1950
5 27. [16] Restitution 1951-1952
5 28. [16] Restitution 1953-1954
5 29. [17] Notes and Background Material 1943-1952

B. German Department

Box Folder Title Date
5 30. [18] Zionistische Vereinigung fuer Deutschland 1930-1944
5 31. [18] German Department of the Jewish Agency for Palestine 1952-1953
Box Folder Title Date
6 32. [18] Industrial Projects 1953-1954

C. Various

Box Folder Title Date
6 33. [19] Arabs and Jews 1938-1942
6 34. [19] Youth Aliyah 1939-1948
6 35. [19] Individual Cases 1952-1954
6 36. [19] Personal 1946-1953

D. Magnes, Jehuda Leib

Box Folder Title Date
6 37. [20] Correspondence with Jehuda Leib Magnes 1930-1948

E. Prosecution in Germany

Box Folder Title Date
6 38. [21] Prosecution in Germany 1939-1953

F. Aphorisms and Notes

Box Folder Title Date
6 39. [22] Notes for a book on Orpheus undated

G. Journals

Box Folder Title Date
6 40. [23] Essays, Pamphlets, etc. 1951-1952
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Series IV: Maps and Plans, 1881-1960

Scope and Content:

This series contains civil and military maps of Israel, Jewish settlements in Palestine, war maps and drawing of the Children's Home of Georg Landauer in Gderoth.

Box Folder Title Date
6 41. [23] Maps of Israel 1881-1952
6 42. [23] Landauer Haus in Gderoth 1960
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Series V: Letters, 1917, 1928-1954

Scope and Content:

Series V: Letters contains personal letters addressed to or sent by George Landauer. Among the personalities, Georg Landauer was communicating with, were Leo Baeck, David Ben-Gurion, Hermann Broch, Martin Buber, Levi Eshkol, Moshe Smilansky, Henrietta Szold, Hans Tramer, Chaim Weizmann, and Alfred Wiener.

Box Folder Title Date
6 43. [24] Resignation Letters 1950-1952
6 44. [24] Letters A-Z 1928-1953
Box Folder Title Date
7 45. [24] Letter Exchanges 1917, 1953-1954
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Series VI: Obituaries, 1953-1955

Scope and Content:

The necrologies for Georg Landauer, written among others by Max Kreutzberger sand Robert Weltsch are part of this series. The obituaries for David Senator, who once headed the Department of Settlement of German Jews, can also be found here.

Box Folder Title Date
7 46. [25] Obituaries 1953-1955
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Series VII: Varia, undated, 1946, 1952-1953

Scope and Content:

Series Varia contains various documents that were not incorporated into the established series by the processing archivist. Documents that can be found here include tributes to Hugo Bergmann and Leo Baeck.

Box Folder Title Date
7 47. [26] Varia undated, 1946, 1952-1953
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Series VIII: Addenda, 1824-1852, 1905-1975

Scope and Content:

Series VIII: Addenda contains material which arrived after the collection had been processed and was not incorporated into the original arrangement.

The series contains condolence letters, obituaries and commemorative articles, some of them published on the occasion of dedicating the Children's Home in memory of Georg Landauer. The reviews of Georg Landauer's collection of texts that was published posthumously in 1957, Der Zionism im Wandel dreier Jahrzehnte, are filed here. Some of the personal items of both Georg Landauer and his grandfather Gabriel Landauer are also part of this series.

Addendum I

Box Folder Title Date
7 48. Reviews 1957-1958
7 49. Personal Papers undated, 1850, 1905-1953
7 50. Personal Papers - Landauer, Gabriel undated, 1824-1852
7 51. Posthumous Articles undated, 1945, 1959-1975,

Addendum II

Box Folder Title Date
7 52. Condolence Letters - Persons 1954-1955
7 53. Condolence Letters - Organizations 1954
7 54. Condolence Letters - Hebrew 1954
7 55. Personal Condolence Letters 1954
Box Folder Title Date
8 56. Obituaries 1954
8 57. Commemorative Articles and Articles about the Children's House in memory of Georg Landauer 1954-1957
8 58. Photos from the Opening of the Children's House in memory of Georg Landauer 1957
8 59. Ludwig Tietz 1933, 1937
8 60. Varia 1919-1953
8 61. Varia 1950?-1957
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