Guide to the Papers of Cecilia Razovsky (1886-1968), undated, 1913-1971
 

Processed by Felicia Herman (August 1995), Jason Schechter (May 2002), Tina Weiss (May 2003), Adina Anflick (August 2005)

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

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© 2016, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Finding aid was encoded by Marvin Rusinek on March 06, 2006. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Cecilia Razovsky
Title: Papers of Cecilia Razovsky
Dates:undated, 1913-1971
Abstract: The papers consist of correspondence and reports of Cecelia Razovsky (married name: Davidson), noted social worker specializing in immigration and resettlement of refugees. The collection includes information about her work with the National Council of Jewish Women in the 1920's, and with the National Refugee Service (and predecessor organizations) in the 1930's. Information is included about her work as a Resettlement Supervisor in the post-World War II Displaced Persons camps in Europe, and as a field worker in the southwestern U.S. for the United Service for New Americans in 1950. The collection contains reports and correspondence from her trips to South America, primarily Brazil: to explore possibilities of refugee settlement in 1937 and 1946; as a representative for United HIAS Service to aid in settling Egyptian and Hungarian refugees in 1957-1958; and as a pleasure trip and evaluation of the changes in the Jewish community of the country in 1963. Also included in the collection are many of Razovsky's articles, plays, and pamphlets.
Languages: The collection is in English, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Yiddish, and Russian.
Quantity: 3 linear feet + 1 Oversized folder
Identification: *P-290
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society at the Center for Jewish History
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Razovsky, Cecilia
portrait of Cecilia Razovsky

Cecilia Razovsky (1886-1968)

Cecilia Razovsky was an immigration and refugee relief worker whose extraordinary career spanned the early 1900s to the 1960s. Her life's work began with assisting Eastern European immigrants in the early 1900's, continued with helping German refugees during World War II, working overseas in Displaced Persons Camps, aiding refugees in United States Detention Camps after the War, encouraging Jewish communities in Southwest United States to take refugee families, and culminated with organizing resettlement efforts in South America, Central America, and the West Indies. She worked for major refugee relief organizations: National Council of Jewish Women, National Refugee Service, German Jewish Children's Aid, United Service for New Americans, Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society Service, and the Citizen's Committee on Displaced Persons. Against resistant administrations, she tirelessly negotiated for admissions of German children into the United States, landing rights for the SS. St. Louis in Cuba and the SS Quanza in Mexico and the United States, and increasing immigration opportunities in the Americas and West Indies.

Born May 4, 1886 to immigrant parents Minna and Jonas Razovsky in St. Louis, MO, Razovsky sewed buttons on overalls in a factory at age 12 to contribute to her family's income. She held a variety of jobs after school, working as a salesgirl, waitress, laundress, stenographer, clerk, and secretary until she took up teaching for the Jewish Educational Alliance in St. Louis at age 18. There, she gave evening lessons in English and History to immigrants and taught Biblical literature and Hebrew to children on Saturdays and Sundays. In 1911, she became an Attendance Officer for the St. Louis Board of Education, interviewing applicants and issuing employment certificates to children who qualified under the new Child Labor Law. She oversaw the probation of delinquent girls and studied the street trade situation in St. Louis in 1912. This position led her in 1917 to become an Inspector for the Child Labor Division, Children's Bureau, in Washington, D.C. She inspected mills and factories in Alabama, Eastern Ohio, and Virginia for compliance to the Child Labor Law. She examined the physical and educational development of Southern children, studied the effect of the First World War on child labor and school attendance throughout the United States, and surveyed the administration of the Child Labor Law in the District of Columbia. Concurrently, she attended classes in social work, drama, literature, economics, law, psychology, labor problems, public relations, and Spanish in a variety of schools in St. Louis, Chicago, and New York.1 In 1918, the Supreme Court declared federal child labor laws to be unconstitutional (child labor reforms were established in the late 1930s), and the Child Labor Division ceased.2

National Council of Jewish Women, 1921-1934

Razovsky returned to her earlier inclination towards helping immigrants and in 1921 became Executive Secretary for the National Council of Jewish Women's (NCJW) Department of Immigrant Aid. As she writes, "I was always interested in the literature about immigrants, living among them in my youth, and the stories in English written about them were to me fascinating and all the authors, like Anzia Yierska [Yezierska] Kahn, were my heroes and heroines..."3

Her unusual abilities were noticed and a year later she was appointed Associate Director. She also served as Editor of the NCJW bulletin, The Immigrant, for ten years.

In 1921, President Harding signed the "Three Per Cent Immigration Law" and in 1924 a permanent Immigration Restriction Bill was put into effect. NCJW worked on legislation, oriented immigrants to their new life in the United States, and established a Bureau of International Case Work to help reunite immigrants with their families overseas. Razovsky traveled throughout the United States training local NCJW committees on how to organize English and Citizenship classes. She met immigrants arriving at Ellis Island and other ports and developed international services to relatives abroad through agencies in Europe, Asia, and South America. She lectured for students and professional groups, conducting Institutes on Education of the Foreign Born. In 1922, Razovsky authored her first book; What Every Emigrant Should Know. She wrote What Every Woman Should Know About Citizenship in 1926. This book addressed the Cable Act of 1922, which required women to apply individually for citizenship versus making them automatic citizens under their husband's name. Although feminists saw the Act as a victory, it increased the hardship of many immigrant women, who were in greater danger of being deported; deserted overseas; and denied pensions, medical care, and employment. In 1938, Razovsky updated What Every Woman Should Know About Citizenship with a booklet titled Making Americans. This booklet, directed at the volunteer community, gave instructions on how to set up naturalization committees and bureaus, and provided information on immigration law and procedures.4

Razovsky was sent as a NCJW delegate to the First World Congress of Jewish Women in Austria in 1923 and addressed the conference on immigration. After the conference, she toured European ports and evaluated conditions for refugees. Many refugees prevented from entering the United States were admitted into Cuba and Razovsky was sent there in 1924 to assist and evaluate the poor conditions for emigrant Jews. Razovsky served, from 1925-1935, as Secretary of the Jewish Committee for Cuba. In 1931, Razovsky visited Russia in order to study social service conditions.

During this time, she was highly involved in legislation and policy making, attending major conferences and committees on immigration and particularly on the German refugee crisis during the 1930s. She served in various capacities for the National Conference of Social Work from 1926-1929, including as Chair of Division X in 1927 and Chair of Conference on Immigration Policy in 1928. In 1929, Razovsky represented several American organizations at the International Association for the Protection of Migrants, an advisory committee to the League of Nations in Geneva. Jane Addams appointed her in 1932 as a representative at the International Conference for Social Work in Frankfurt, Germany. The same year, she served as Chair for the National Council on Naturalization and Citizenship, studying increased naturalization fees. In 1933 she chaired an advisory committee on legislation reform for the Ellis Island Committee of Forty Eight that was appointed by Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins. She also served as a chair and secretary for the General Committee of Immigration Aid at Ellis Island and NY Harbor from 1933-1936.5

In between Razovsky's whirlwind of activities, she married Dr. Morris Davidson in 1927. Dr. Davidson, a certified opthamologist, accompanied Razovsky on her later trips to South America, assisting her with her work, and became an expert in Brazilian culture and history.6

National Coordinating Committee, 1934-1939

The pressure on the State Department to admit German refugees escaping the rise of Nazism in Germany did not waive restrictions on immigration quotas until late 1936, when a slight change in wording regarding public charges increased visa issuance but not to the extent needed to help the increasing wave of refugees.7 It was clear a centralized refugee relief agency was needed to assist non-Jewish and Jewish German refugees, one more comprehensive than the current Joint Clearing Bureau which was under the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. The League of Nations appointed James G. McDonald as High Commissioner for Refugees in 1933. McDonald and Chairman Joseph P. Chamberlain, Professor of Public Law at Columbia University, established the National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany (NCC), a successor agency to the Joint Clearing Bureau. NCC's plans were based upon a report Razovsky wrote in January 1934 (Razovsky had also served as Secretary for the Joint Clearing Bureau). NCJW loaned Razovsky to pioneer this new organization, and a small office opened with Razovsky as Executive Director in July 1934. The staff grew to 180 by February 1939 and in June 1939, NCC merged with two other organizations to form the National Refugee Service (NRS). Affiliated with NCC was the German Jewish Children's Aid, an organization headed by Razovsky to negotiate the admission and later placement of German Jewish refugee children.8

The NCC began with approximately 20 non-Jewish and Jewish member organizations, serving as a national clearinghouse and registry. In addition, NCC dealt with affidavits, quotas, visas, and financial aid. The bureau helped refugees find employment throughout the United States and evaluated projects specifically designed for refugees with specific occupations. NCC educated the non-Jewish public on the refugee problem, urged local communities to help refugees resettle outside of New York City, and strengthened local committees to care for refugees throughout the United States. The agency cooperated with government agencies, worked with the League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Coming from Germany, and coordinated the work of existing relief organizations throughout the United States and abroad.9

The NCC looked for escape avenues for refugees all over the globe. The prospects in Central and South America led Razovsky and her husband to visit São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1937 in order to evaluate conditions and anti-Semitism for German refugees. In São Paulo, Razovsky met Dr. Ludwig and Luiza Lorch for the first time. Dr. Lorch headed a committee for German refugee relief and Mrs. Lorch was involved in the women's committee. They would become important friends to the Davidsons, aiding Razovsky in many areas of social work in São Paulo, Brazil.10

In November 1938, after Kristallnacht, Razovsky described the "tense and feverish" atmosphere in her office; they received 1300 callers each day. Restricted viciously by the quota of bringing 20 refugee children per month into the United States, Razovsky writes, "We not only are not taking large groups but we are even slowing up on those whom we have ordered under the auspices of the German-Jewish Children's Aid, because of the long delays in the quota... At the end of the day we are literally in rags-physically and mentally..."11

On June 2, 1939, 930 Jewish refugees sailing from Hamburg, Germany on the SS St. Louis arrived in Mexico and were denied their visas. The ship then sailed to Cuba, and Razovsky, whose previous experience at NCJW included working in Cuba helping refugees, was one of the officials sent to help them. She reminisces in 1961, "When the offical word came through that the ship would have to leave with its passengers still on board, we were all thunderstruck and horrified. To this day it is painful to recall the grief and agony on that occasion. When the day and hour arrived for the ship to sail, we were all at the dock. Some of the American newspaper men were so broken by the news that they knelt and prayed and wept aloud; others cursed and raved; we ourselves were too crushed to do anything but weep."12

National Refugee Service, 1939-1943

Overwhelmed with work, the National Coordinating Committee merged with two other organizations (NCC Fund and the Greater New York Coordinating Committee) to form the National Refugee Service (NRS) in June 1939. The NRS centralized and expanded refugee efforts, adding additional departments. Razovsky served as Director of the new Migration Department and later as Assistant to the Executive Director.

Razovsky was among the members of the Capital Loan Committee that began operating on October 16, 1939 to evaluate loan applications from refugees, who holding only visitor visas, were often barred from accepting employment. The funds were dispersed from an inherited NCC fund, the Rosenwald Capital Outlay Fund. Each loan was intended as a one time economic adjustment. Within two and a half months, the Loan Committee approved 24 individuals' applications spanning fifteen communities throughout the United States. Additional donations came from the American Joint Reconstruction Foundation, the Refugee Economic Corporation, outside communities and other sources.13

In the Fall of 1938 in Evian-Les-Bains, France, President Franklin D. Roosevelt convened the Intergovernmental Committee on Political Refugees, whose purpose was to make a concerted effort to help German refugees. Out of all of the thirty-two nations there represented, United States included, only the representative from the Dominican Republic offered to accept large numbers of Jewish refugees. Rafael Leonidas Trujillo, Dominican Republic's Dictator who, between October 2-4, 1937, murdered 20,000 poor Haitian workers, all of them black, had motives aside from benevolence. His desire to make his Republic "white" was coupled with his need to improve his image with the United States. Trujillo hoped to settle 100,000German and Austrian refugees on 24,000 acres of agricultural property, and the first six settlers arrived in Sosua in March 1940. Razovsky worked with James N. Rosenberg, President of the Dominican Republic Settlement Association (DORSA) to implement the plan, however, by 1942, due to the difficulties of wartime and refugee selection, there were only 472 settlers.14

On September 5, 1940, the National Refugee Service received a telegram from passengers escaping Nazi Germany on S.S. Quanza, who had been denied entry into Mexico, despite the fact that thirty-five of them only wished to transfer to other ships bound for South and Central America. Razovsky writes, "The only creature on board the ship, who would have been permitted to land was a little Pekinese dog who carried a certificate of entry which the Mexican Government was prepared to honor." S.S. Quanza continued onward to Norfolk, Virginia, where it was scheduled to drop off coal before heading back to Lisbon. Razovsky, now NRS Assistant to the Executive Director; Evelyn Hersey, Executive Director of the American Committee for Christian Refugees; and several attorneys were among the party who met the ship at port. The attorneys served writs of libel on the ship, preventing the ship from sailing until a hearing could take place; and with pressure by various organizations and relatives, the State Department agreed to admit children under sixteen, persons with visas for Central or South America, and political refugees. After each case was heard by the Board of Special Inquiry, all eighty three refugees, sixty-six of whom were Jewish, were allowed temporary entry and were placed under the care of the National Refugee Service and the American Committee for Christian Refugees.15

A few months before Pearl Harbor, the U.S. negotiated the seizure of Japanese, Austrians, Germans, and Italians in Panama with the Panamian Government.16 Jewish refugees, escapees from Nazi terror, were among those arrested and sent to detention camps in Texas, Oklahoma, and Tennessee. A detainee writes, "I have been arrested in Panama in the open street by a common police man... without asking me who I am and of what nationality... Neither in Panama nor at any other country, where I lived, I had any kind of political activity or any connection with such matters..."17 Razovsky appealed to the War and Justice Departments to ease conditions for the refugees in the camps and obtain their release. She writes, "... We were able to have the men at Stringtown [Oklahoma] transferred from Camp Blanding, Fla. where their situation was desperate because they had to be with the Nazis constantly and were mistreated. At Stringtown they have separate sleeping quarters although they are still obliged to eat with the Nazis..."18 In February 1943 after State Department hearings, the Jewish detainees and their voluntarily detained relatives were transferred to Camp Algiers in New Orleans; by June approximately sixty were released on parole.19

Razovsky, at that point, was handing in her resignation letter. After changes in NRS board leadership, Razovsky's responsibilities had been downgraded, and faced with a 30% cut in salary and the title of "Consultant," Razovsky resigned from the National Refugee Service on June 15, 1943.20

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency/American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1944-1948

When the allied armies first breached Nazi lines in November 1942 liberating North Africa, plans for an international relief organization were in the works through the newly formed United Nations. While international committees were drafting the new agency's structure, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed New York Governor Herbert Lehman in charge of the Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations. In November 1943, 44 nations signed an agreement to establish the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency (UNRRA), with Lehman as its head.21 Razovsky applied to "Governor Lehman's organization" in April 1943.22 Having received no offers from UNRRA, Razovsky went on to work for the Common Council for American Unity, as Chief of Special Services and Editor of their publication "Interpreter Releases." The Common Council for American Unity's mission was to battle intolerance and discrimination towards foreigners living in the United States. She arranged to teach for UNRRA's Training Center in July 1944, and in September, UNRRA officially hired her to serve as a Displaced Persons Specialist for the European Missions Reserve.23

By that time, the Allies had liberated France and U.S. troops had crossed over the defense system built by Hitler, called the Siegfried Line, and entered Germany. In April 1945, the Allies liberated the concentration camp of Buchenwald. Sargent Joseph Eaton, writes, "... The spriit of these men, incarcerated for years or even decades, remains even more striking in my memory. Some, many are wrecked physically and psychically, perhaps for life. But others are preserved, ready to live, ready to inspire those of us, who never had to love life as much as they had to in order to survive..."24

The U.S. Army set up displaced persons camps as a first step in war relief, placing five to ten GI's in charge of thousands. Chaplain Aaron Kahan describes conditions as "pig stys where a thousand people live in a place unsuitable for one hundred. The food provided is of the same calibre..."25

Willing to face these conditions, Razovsky arrived in London. It was common practice for UNRRA and private agencies to share employees when needed. Therefore, when the AJDC Paris office needed emergency staff, UNRRA officers loaned Razovsky to them. Loaning UNRRA staff to private agencies in France allowed UNRRA to have a presence where none was permitted; French authorities refused to allow UNRRA to manage displaced persons within French borders.26

Razovsky worked for AJDC Paris from February 1945 until her return to the United States at the end of June. In Paris, she set up a Central Location Bureau for France, organized a Personal Service division for emergency relief, arranged the reunion of fifty displaced children with their relatives now in the United Kingdom, supervised casework for groups of displaced persons in various French camps, and arranged transit visas for children traveling through France to embarkation ports in Portugal and Spain. She was among the relief workers who accompanied the first contingent of children released from Buchenwald into temporary care in France and Switzerland. Many of these children emigrated to Palestine.27

By May 1945, Razovsky was suffering from the effects of a poor diet and living conditions and appealed to her superiors to send her home. In July, she arrived in New York where she spent the next few months speaking on behalf of UNRRA at an UNRRA luncheon, a Providence Section, NCJW meeting, and for the Margaret McDonald radio show. Still feeling the ill effects of her overseas work, she went on leave from UNRRA for three months, eventually resigning from the agency on February 1946. By then, she had accepted a position with the AJDC as Director of Emigration for Germany and Austria.

Conditions in German DP camps remained deplorable and increasingly overcrowded, as Jews fleeing anti-Semitism in their native lands infiltrated the American zone. These Jews were not considered displaced by war under the classification made by UNRRA authorities, and care for them fell solely to Jewish organizations. According to Judge Simon H. Rifkind's (advisor to General Dwight D. Eisenhower) report, issued in April 1945, there were approximately 100,000 Jews in all of the zones of Germany and Austria. Furthermore, negotiations with military authorities delayed AJDC workers from arriving in Germany and Austria until a month after VE-Day, in June 1945. Once established, the AJDC was able to supplement the DPs' basic needs provided by the UNRRA, shipping clothes, food, medical supplies, and religious and educational supplies. The 80 AJDC staff in Germany and Austria also served as a liaison between the Jews and the occasionally anti-Semitic U.S. Army, UNRRA, and local governments. American Jewish Year Book reporter Geraldine Rosenfield writes, "In this capacity the staff on numerous occasions served as trouble-shooters," thereby alleviating many difficult situations."28

Soon after her arrival in Germany, Razovsky was in an automobile accident involving an army truck that sent her to the hospital for several weeks. After she recovered, she continued setting up emigration offices in Bremen, Hamburg, Munich, Berlin, Frankfurt, and Stuttgart in order to assist DP's immigration under President Harry Truman's directive.29 The directive, issued on December 22, 1945, reopened immigration to the United States by allowing a maximum of 39,681 refugees and displaced persons in American zones, with the highest quota coming from Germany, to enter the country each year. No other country had yet offered the refugees asylum. Due to shipping and consular personnel shortages and other technical reasons, the first immigration did not occur until May 1946, when the S.S. Marine Flasher and the S.S. Marine Perch sailed from Bremerhaven with 1,361 refugees and displaced persons.30 Razovsky describes the sailing preparations, "... After much agitation, including a threatened hunger strike by the passengers, the Army agreed to increase the rations to the American standard of 2300 calories..."31

Returning to New York in September 1946, Razovsky quickly set out again to Brazil with her husband, Dr. Morris Davidson. Having last visited Brazil in 1937 in order to evaluate German refugee conditions for the NCC, Razovsky now toured the country along with Rabbi Isaiah Rackovsky, speaking on behalf of the AJDC for its annual fundraising campaign. The Comité Auxiliar do Joint, a new Brazilian agency that had began its activities in June 1946, was now administering the $250,000 campaign, which had previously been managed by the São Paulo Jewish Congregation. Luis Lorch, Vice President of the Comité Auxiliar, remembered Razovsky from her 1937 visit and he cabled the AJDC New York, requesting a "powerful popular effective speaker Yiddish masses... preferably woman to address women maybe Razovsky who left excellent impression..."32

Jacob B. Lightman, head of the AJDC South American Office, which had formed in 1943 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, soon asked Razovsky to extend her stay in Brazil by a few months, in order to help organize a small regional AJDC office that would handle transmigrants en route to other countries and new Brazilian immigrants.33 Before leaving for New York in December 1946, Razovsky reported, "... Jewish emigration to Brasil was suspended during the war and during the dictatorship. It has now been resumed... up to about six weeks ago, and we can count upon about a thousand Jewish emigrants, new arrivals in Brasil, during 1946, of whom about one third are transits going to other Latin American countries. There has been no Jewish emigration into the Argentine. The democratic forces in these countries are weak, and liberals have very little power to cope with the administrative officials who are often anti-semitic."34

In March 1947, Razovsky began working as a consultant for the Citizen's Committee on Displaced Persons, an organization that formed specifically in order to pass bills liberalizing immigration for DPs. Razovsky traveled to various communities, including Michigan and Missouri, addressing the public on the DP issue and meeting with immigration agency representatives. Unfortunately, the Citizen's Committee's lobbying efforts were not fully successful, and the most promising bill, the Stratton bill (H.R. 2910), was not passed. In lieu of the liberalized wording of the Stratton Bill, Congress passed the Displaced Persons Act of 1948, which intensified already existing restrictions concerning race, national origin, and occupation; and increased the waiting and red tape involved in processing applications. The DP Act of 1948, however, represented a new approach to immigration; for the first time, each immigrant needed to have his employment and housing arranged in advance.35

A year later, the Davidsons moved to Jackson, Mississippi, where Dr. Davidson worked as an opthmalogist for Veterans Administrative Hospital. In between working six months for the Family Service Association, a travelers' aid service, and volunteering for a number of local civic agencies, such as Community Chest, Jackson Juvenile Council, and Veterans Administrative Hospital, Razovsky "retired." At the same time, she arranged to speak from March to April 1948 on behalf of AJDC throughout the South, for annual fundraising campaigns. She wrote to Tilly Davis, the AJDC Speakers Bureau representative, "we are comfortable here, a cute little cottage. I am a busy housewife part of the day…and I must say it is an easy way of life, if one can forget the world."36

United Service for New Americans, 1950

Razovsky briefly came out from retirement when she was offered a temporary position as a Field Specialist for the United Service for New Americans (USNA). The USNA was the result of a 1946 merger between the NRS and the Service to Foreign Born of the NCJW. The USNA national services included port and dock reception, temporary shelter, resettlement, research for locating relatives and friends, financial aid, and vocational guidance and placement. Its affiliate was the European-Jewish Children's Aid, the successor agency to the German-Jewish Children's Aid. Razovsky worked under the USNA's Community Relations Department, and was responsible for visiting local Jewish family agencies and civic leaders in the Southwest Region, which was comprised of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennesssee, and most of Texas. As a member of the field staff, Razovsky relayed to local communities information concerning USNA policies, new developments in immigration legislation, advice on improving immigrants' services, assistance with budget planning, and mediation between local communities regarding responsibility for immigrants who made unauthorized moves to the new community. Field representatives also provided significant information regarding the local cities and Jewish communities they visited to USNA headquarters, imparting facts, resources, attitudes, and the immigrants' experiences through field reports.37

Razovsky stayed with the USNA from March until November 1950. Her position was eliminated due to budget cuts following a decrease in immigration. On July 21, 1952, the final shipload of a total of over 400,000DP's and German expellees arrived in the United States. 16 percent of the total number of DP's were Jews.38

In 1951, Razovsky accepted an invitation by the NCJW to become a member of their National Committee on Overseas Service. In 1954, when the Davidsons visited Israel and then Brazil for a medical conference, Razovsky reported to the Overseas Committee, "... Unfortunately there has been a decided split in the [Brazilian] community since the establishment of a Jewish State. The Federation of Jewish organizations, composed of perhaps forty agencies, is prhaps [sic] 80% Zionistic in their approach to all social problems of the community, the rest are either indifferent to the needs of Israel, or actually antagonistic..."39

From March until February 1956, the Davidsons were living in New York. Razovsky, a long-standing member of Hadassah, and having been the Vice President of the Jackson, Mississippi chapter, worked as assistant editor of the Hadassah Newsletter. She also helped edit Lyman Cromwell White's upcoming book, 300,000 New Americans. In 1957, Dr. Davidson retired from Veterans Administrative Hospital and the couple relocated to Austin, Texas. Razovsky assisted the Board of the American Friends of the Hebrew University, researching potential Texas cities that would host a fundraising dinner held in honor of the Jewish Mayor of Dublin, Ireland, Robert Briscoe. She also worked part time as an Executive Secretary for the Jewish Community Council of Austin and continued her speaking engagements on behalf of the UJA, Hadassah, and other organizations.40

United Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society Service, 1957-1958

At the age of 70, when many would be enjoying an easy retirement, Razovsky undertook the demanding position of Supervisor of Resettlement and Integration of Refugees for Brazil and other countries in Latin America, working for the United Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society Service (HIAS).

Brazil, which had absorbed more post war Jewish immigrants than any other Latin American country, was experiencing a sudden influx of Hungarian and Egyptian Jewish refugees. The Hungarian Revolt of 1956, in which thousands of Hungarians rebelled against the Hungarian Communist Government, resulted in 13 percent of the Hungarian Jewish population fleeing the country. The Revolt, lasting from October 1956 until January 1957, was crushed by massive Soviet armed intervention.41 In Egypt, rising nationalism and growing support of Communist policies led to a strengthing of ties between the Egyptian-Syrian-Saudi Arabian Defense Pact and the Soviet Bloc. Egypt's growing support of Communist regimes caused the United States to withdrawal its offer of financial support in building Egypt's Aswan Dam. EgyptianPresident Gamal Abdel Nasser retaliated by nationalizing the Suez Canal. Coupled with these events were increasing tensions between Israel and its Arab neighbors, and on October 30, 1956, Israel invaded the Sinai desert. Great Britain and France soon joined Israel's battle, demanding an international status for the Suez Canal. Pressure from the United Nations on the three countries led to troops withdrawing from Egypt by January 1957 and the formation of a U.N. Emergency Force in the Suez Canal. Egyptian Jews, the largest Jewish community in any Arab State, were being banned from employment and threatened with arrest, detention, and exile. By the end of September 1957, more than half of Egypt's50,000 Jews fled.42

In 1956, HIAS, Brazil's sole Jewish immigration agency, sponsored 311 Jewish immigrants. This figure rose to approximately 3000 in 1957, when Brazil, the second largest Jewish community in Latin America, accepted ¾ of the total Jewish refugees immigrating to the continent.43 In a letter to Read Lewis, Executive Director of Common Council for American Unity, Razovsky wrote; "... this to me is the most important characteristic of Brasil their acceptance of people regardless of race or color is most admirable, and a solace to persons like us who so keenly felt the attitudes of the Mississippians and Texans regarding Negroes and Mexicans..."44

The Davidsons lived in São Paulo, Brazil for eleven months, beginning in May 1957. Razovsky's main duty was to supervise the Conselho de Assistencia Social, the local agency subsidized by HIAS. This task included supervising social workers, improving work efficiency, training volunteers, representing HIAS at other organizational meetings, and establishing a clearing bureau. As the large established Jewish communities in São Paulo and Rio Janeiro became overwhelmed with incoming immigrants, HIAS looked for additional, smaller Jewish Brazilian communities to direct the refugees, and Razovsky determined case distribution. In July and August 1957, Razovsky assisted in opening HIAS offices in Porte Alegre and Belo Horizonte. Immigration work was additionally conducted in Curitiba, under the auspices of the Porto Alegre office. Dr. Davidson, as an Honorary Representative, assisted Razovsky with researching settlement opportunities and reporting the information through HIAS country profile reports.45

Brazil was in the midst of an economic crisis; its rapid industrialization, which threw the rural natives off balance, gave rise to increasing inflation, low wages, and a high cost of living. Despite the economic uncertainty, Jewish refugees were generally able to find work. Egyptian Jews, who were generally upperclass, well educated and skilled, also added easily to Brazil's large Middle East population. The Hungarian Jews, who beyond losing their country and their jobs had often lost loved ones, had a more difficult time acclimating to their new life. However, as Razovsky wrote to friends; "... the Hungarian women take jobs at once, or make jobs, sewing gloves, or baking pastries and peddling them in office buildings, whereas the Egyptian women, upper middle class, never worked in their lives, (some actually never washed a dish or a pair of stockings,) find it hard to believe that it is now necessary for them to put their shoulder to the wheel..."46

In 1957, approximately 1000Hungarian and Egyptian refugees were admitted to other Latin American countries. Argentina, the largest Jewish community in Latin America, had become a haven for Nazis escaping from Europe under Dictator Juan Peron. The overthrow of Peron's government in 1955 and the resulting democracy opened up Jewish immigration, but limited settlement to areas outside of Buenos Aires and other large cities. In 1957, 300 Jews with permanent visas, mainly Egyptians, Hungarians, and North Africans, arrived in Argentina under the auspices of HIAS and Soprotimis (Sociedad de Protección a los Immigrantes Israelitas).47

Lima, Perú, home to 90% of the country's 3000-4000 Jews, assisted in the immigration of fifty Jewish families in 1957. The Davidsons visited Lima from January 17 to February 7, 1958 in order to set up a HIAS office under the auspices the local Jewish Federation, the Associacon de Sociedades Israelitas del Peru, which linked the Sephardic, Ashkenazi and German Societies. Peru's then liberal government, under President Manuel Prado, was nonetheless indifferent to promoting immigration, furthermore, the country's severe economic depression limited potential resettlement to family reunion cases. Razovsky reported, "... the entire Jewish community is sensitive to Peruvian reaction towards possible immigration, claiming there is much anti-Semitism here. Some are fearful that if many immigrants come, there will be more open anti-Semitism displayed."48

Colombia, suffering also from a poor economy and having recently elected a Liberal Party President after four years of military rule, was not interested in opening up immigration. The little immigration permitted leaned towards Catholic immigrants, due to the country's deep Spanish Catholic influence held over from its early Spanish colonial beginnings and the Conservative Party's alliance with the Church. In 1957, Colombia allowed fourteen Hungarian, Egyptian, and Polish Jewish immigrants to enter; all but one couple being family reunion cases. Colombia's total Jewish population numbered approximately 9,000; more than half of which were located in Bogotá. The Davidsons visited Bogotá from February 7 to February 13, 1958, gleaning information for the country's profile and soliciting funds for HIAS, however, they had difficulty persuading the separate factions of Jewish groups to raise funds for any other purpose besides Israel. Among the leaders Razovsky met with during her short time there was Ambassador Alberto Gonzalez Fernandez, who served as the Latin American representative for the United Nations High Commission for Refugees.49

The Davidsons returned to Lima, Peru; for six days, trying to secure an allocation check, and then continued onward to Santiago, Chile, where they stayed from February 23 until March 13, 1958. Geographically isolated, and one of the smallest countries in South America, Chile had few immigrants until 1910, when the Transandean Railroad and later the Panama Canal were completed. Jews began arriving in large numbers after World War I; in 1956, the Jewish Chilean community celebrated its fiftieth anniversary. Consisting of approximately 30,000 people, with 27,000 Jews living in Santiago, the Jewish community focus on Zionism was, as Razovsky reports; "so strong that 90% of the Jews have contributed continually to Israel since 1918, even though... many of the Jews have to be reminded to close their shops on Yom Kippur." Despite the Chile's high cost of living and low wages, Razovsky did not have difficulty obtaining financial support for HIAS; the 300 Hungarian Jews, out of the total 450 Hungarians that had arrived in 1957, had relied strongly on HIAS services. Razovsky writes, "The Hungarians who come here are mainly former High School teachers, professional, a few merchants, practically all intellectuals who had been accustomed to a high standard of living. An altogether different group from those who had come to São Paulo..." Few Egyptian Jews arrived in Chile, primarily due to the preferences for certain types of skilled workers required under Chile's immigration policy. Although Chile's immigration law contained no quotas or racial or religious discrimination, preferences existed for immigrants coming from Spain, Italy, Germany, France, and Holland.50

Following their visit to Chile, the Davidsons made arrangements to travel to Bolivia where their adopted daughter lived. Their daughter, whose name remains unknown, warned them of an impending Bolivian revolution, and informed them that many Jews were leaving the country. The Davidsons thus went on to visit Asunción, Paraguay, where they stayed for one week in order to ascertain information for the country's profile. In 1958, Asunción, Paraguay was home to the country's 1500 Jews, many of which were either World War I immigrants or DP's who had fled to Paraguay's open borders and stayed. Thousands of other DP's went through Paraguay on towards Argentina or Brazil, where there were better wages and an organized Jewish community. The Asunción Jewish community, with no Rabbi or shochet (ritual slaughterer), traveled a thousand miles to Buenos Aires for High Holiday services and for kosher meat. Unable to subscribe funds for HIAS, the community was willing to take immigrants and pleaded for "a family -Polish or East European-where the head of the family could act as their religious leader (schochet, cantor, etc.)..." The extreme poverty in Paraguay, the result of geographic and cultural isolation, dictatorships, and wars and revolutions, nonetheless contained a kind, friendly, and warm society where as Razovsky described; "This is the first county where we were not warned to lock our doors at the hotel, or to beware of pickpockets to prevent thievery. The newspapers carried no stories of murder or violence such as we encountered in Colombia, and to a certain extent, in Perú and Chile."51

The Davidsons then returned to São Paulo, Brazil, where they stayed from March 20 until April 5, 1958. They revisited Lima, Peru;, where Razovsky discovered that "the Jewish Community had undergone a revolution. The entire Zionist Organization blew up, whether by spontaneous combustion or how, noone knows..." The completely new group of leaders however, fortunately recognized the Jewish community's former HIAS pledge.52 Leaving Lima, Peru; on April 11, 1958, the Davidsons arrived in Quito, Ecuador where they stayed for two days. Quito, Ecuador, one of the oldest cities in South America, was home for 1,000 Jews, a remnant of the 3,000 DP's that had escaped to Ecuador's open borders from Germany in the 1930s. Razovsky reported, "... Many of them send their children to the United States to be educated so there are very few adolescents and only about 100 children below the age of 14 left in Quito..." In 1957, eight immigrants, four from Israel, had come to Quito to join relatives. Since the Jewish Federation in Quito, the Beneficiencia Israelita, had already doubled each member's monthly contribution for the year in order to complete a Jewish Community Center, the Federation's President postponed funding for HIAS. The community, wishing to grow, was particularly interested in receiving Egyptian immigrants whose language and other skills would be highly employable.53

The Davidsons spent one day revisiting Jewish leaders in Bogotá, Columbia before continuing on to spend two days in Panama, where it can be assumed, the couple confirmed donation pledges for HIAS. Beno Klein, a HIAS staff member based in Brazil, had previously completed a country profile on Panama in March 1958. He writes, "Panama is a focal point of Man's migration making it a melting-pot of all races and nations - and an attraction of both adventureous and solid business..." The Jewish community, composed of approximately 1,500 members, was a mixture of descendants of the Portuguese-Spanish Inquisitions (approximately 300-400 people); Eastern Europeans and Germans that migrated between World War I and II (approximately 200 people); and Sephardic Jews from Syria, Turkey, Egypt, Mandate-Palestine and Iraq (approximately 700-800 people). In addition, Jewish Civilians and U.S. Army personnel based in the Canal-Zone numbered approximately 400 people. Despite the established Jewish communities, located mainly in Panama City, with other families in Colon and a few smaller towns, and the country's flourishing economy and liberal immigration policies, no influx of Jewish immigrants had occurred beyond a few Egyptian families arriving to join relatives. Klein writes, "This country has been overlooked as an immigration outlet, presumably, because of her dreaded climate which has a worse reputation than it really deserves..."54

The Davidsons then proceeded to their last stop, Mexico City, Mexico, where they spent two days, again the writer assumes, to solicit HIAS funding. They then returned to New York on May 3, 1958, where they spent some time in their house on Fire Island, New York before resettling in Austin, Texas. In July 1959, the Davidsons revisited Mexico, perhaps for a vacation or a medical conference, and were once again called upon by Israel Jacobson to help with HIAS business. Razovsky investigated the condition of the HIAS Representative in Mexico City who was rumored to have suicidal tendencies (she found him capable of performing his duties) and gathered information for Mexico's country profile. She also attended a meeting of voluntary Mexican Agencies regarding programming for World Refugee Year.

Razovsky found that many leaders of the Jewish Mexican community had "an obvious indifference to UHS [HIAS] and its work in Mexico. People who are interested in helping relatives join them go to one or two special attorneys who help them and who charge high fees..." From January through May 1959, an estimated fifty-six Jewish immigrants had been admitted into the country despite the fact that the political party in control for the past twenty-five years, the Partido Revolucionario Institutional, was "officially" opposed to immigration. Many of the Jewish immigrants came from Syria and about 12 were Egyptian. Mexico, poor and with a turbulent political history, had broken away from rigid Church domination with the adoption of its 1917 Constitution, and was in the midst of rapid industrialization. The members of the Jewish community (Razovsky's estimate ranged from 25,000 to 35,000) were given equal status and were mainly involved in light industry. 90% of the Jewish population lived in Mexico City, with smaller communities existing in Monterrey, Guadalajara, Taluca, Pachuca, and Puebla.55 Many of the Jewish leaders in Mexico City agreed with the government's view towards immigration, as Razovsky describes; "... They live in beautiful homes, as you know, and there does not seem to be that warm intense interest in the situation of Jews elsewhere, which is found amongst Jews in other lands."56

Last Years

The Davidsons returned to Austin, Texas in August 1959, where they took courses at the University of Texas and in January 1960, visited Venezuela to attend a medical conference. Razovsky wrote to Israel Jacobson; "We have never been to Venezuela and Morris is especially interested to round out his studies of Latin America... Morris has in mind a book; he has been encouraged to write it by editors of publications to whom he had submitted some of his material." When she returned from Venezuela, Razovsky served on the United Nations Speakers' Services for World Refugee Year and as Secretary for the Austin Committee for Refugees. The couple planned to return to Brazil in March 1960 to conduct research for Dr. Davidson's book, but it appears they postponed their trip and Dr. Davidson's book may never have been published.57

In October 1961, the Davidsons moved to El Paso, Texas, as Razovsky wrote, "a frontier town with all the zest and exhilaration of a border city with its exoticism and unexpectedness..." Dr. Davidson opened a free clinic downtown and Razovsky volunteered, first as caseworker and later as Associate Director, for the Social Service Department of the Jewish Community Councilwhere she convinced its Board to hire a social worker. She also helped create and served as Chairman for the El Paso Committee for Cuban Refugees, in anticipation that there would be an influx of refugees coming into El Paso; however, the immigration officials directed the migration into Brownsville and Houston and her committee became inactive.58

At the request of an old friend, Read Lewis, Executive Director of the American Council for Nationalities Service (ACNS), Razovsky completed a detailed report on Mexican immigration into El Paso. Between 1933 and 1934, Razovsky had worked for the Common Council for American Unity, a predecessor agency to ACNS, as editor of the Common Council's bulletin Interpreter Releases. Lewis wished to determine if ACNS should open an International Center in El Paso, and in Razovsky's usual manner, she threw herself full fledged into her work. Despite Razovsky's detailed and lengthy report, and her persistent efforts to arrange free building space in the community, the project may not have been launched.59

In 1963, the Davidsons visited South America for what would be Razovsky's last time, stopping in Mexico City, Mexico; Lima, Perú; Buenos Aires, Argentina; and São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and other cities in Brazil. Beginning their trip in Mexico City, Mexico on May 4, 1963, where they stayed for a week, they revisited old contacts, attended special events, and talked with the local people and professional scholars in order to determine social and political changes. Although Mexico's economy was stable, the peasants were very poor, there was much political corruption, and many young people wished to learn English in order to obtain jobs in the United States. Among the individuals they visited was the HIAS representative, still in his post, that Razovsky had investigated for his state of health in 1959. The HIAS representative stated that the Mexican government was "loathe" to take Cuban refugees unless they held transit visas for the United States. They also attended a program held at the Institute of International Law of Mexico honoring Israeli Ambassador to Mexico, Mordecai Schneerson, where they heard a "purported Jewish Mexican Indian (he looked Indian) who sang in poorly pronounced Yiddish."60

Arriving in Lima, Perú on May 12, 1963, where they stayed for two weeks, the Davidsons found Limato be more developed despite the country's continuing high inflation. Razovsky learned no new Jewish immigration had occurred recently and anti-Semitism still existed in rumors such as Jewish domination of the economy. The couple had many interesting discussions with old and new contacts concerning the poverty among Indians, the differences between the Indian culture and history in Mexico and Peru, and the government's desire to combat illiteracy. They toured a nunnery involved in welfare work, the National Catholic Welfare Office that handles immigration cases, the National Library, the School of Social Work, and two Indian barrios. Upon seeing Indian women and children clad in rags, and their "wrecked miserable huts," Razovsky writes; "As we stood outside the priests house... and looked at the children many crying for food-we were heartsick and CR prayed for a Jane Addams- to arouse the women of Lima to try to improve conditions on a national scale..."61

On May 26, 1963, the couple arrived in Buenos Aires, Argentina for another two-week stay, where they experienced the country in the midst of a military takeover and terrible inflation. Razovsky discovered that many of the Hungarians who had arrived in 1957 had either returned to Hungary or had immigrated to other Latin American countries. Middle class workers were leaving for Europe and the United States; the Argentine government had not paid its workers in three to four months. The Davidsons attended a seminar held at by the Sociology Congress, where speakers were "freely worrying" about the military takeover, the lack of Argentinian leadership, and the transition from a Church to a secular society. The Jewish community was deeply troubled over the neo-Nazism and anti-Semitism in some of the running political parties. Razovsky writes, "everyone is fearful and wants to get out. Very little music, dancing, cheerfulness. Everyone somber." Razovsky lectured on international social casework and internal migration for the National School of Social Work. She writes; "BA [Buenos Aires] know very little about post war experiences in Europe since they did not work with UNRRA." She also spoke to a leadership training class on Jewish international casework at the Jewish center, HEBRAICA.62

From June 9 until November 19, 1963, the Davidsons lived in Brazil. For the first two weeks, the couple stayed with their dear friends Ludwig and Luisa Lorch in São Paulo, whom they had first met in 1937 when Razovsky evaluated conditions for German refugees in Brazil for the NCC. Razovsky first stop was the HIAS office, where she was welcomed by several of her former colleagues. She also met with her good friend Susanna Franks who asked Razovsky to conduct a volunteer training course for the Liga Feminina (Brazil's NCJW). The couple then spent two weeks in Rio de Janeiro, where they met with friends, and where Razovsky visited the CIME office, attended lectures at the Academy of Letters and a seminar at the Catholic School of Social Work, and visited another school of social work and the Indian Embassy. Following, the couple spent nine days touring Bela Horizonte, Ouro Preto, Brasilia, and Salvador da Bahia before returning to Rio de Janeiro on July 23, 1963 for an additional three-week stay. There, Razovsky attended a Congress held by the International Association of Family Welfare with her friends Susanna Frank and Flora Levine. On August 13, 1963, the couple returned to São Paulo for a month's stay. Razovsky visited several welfare agencies, among which was the Confederación Evangelista, which managed immigration port reception and integration. Apparently there was little immigration into Brazil, and the social worker she spoke with was working on a colonization project to settle dispossessed squatters. The Davidsons toured the Albert Einstein Hospital, still in its construction phase, which was "to be a showplace to show Brasilians Jews are grateful for having been given refuge in Brasil." She attended seminars at the School for Social Work, and visited the Conselho de Assistencia Social that she had been in charge of in 1957. The couple spent five weeks in Campos do Jordão, where they heard news of strikes and a threat of martial law occurring in São Paulo. They left Campos do Jordão for São Paulo, relieved that no martial law was instituted, but were welcomed with a taxi strike. Razovsky writes; "As MD [Dr. Morris Davidson] put it Brasil is having a cold civil war-strikes every day-middle class fighting government and labor." On October 30, 1963, they were forced back to their hotel upon seeing 10,000 strikers marching. They returned to El Paso, Texas on November 22, 1963, the day John F. Kennedy was assassinated. She writes, "Shall we ever know the whole truth? Except that the organizations preaching hate are to blame!!"63

The Davidsons' return to the United States did not signal an end to their traveling. Choosing San Diego, California as a retirement site, the Davidsons moved into a studio apartment close to San Diego State College on November 30, 1963. During this time, Razovsky wrote her manuscript, "Forty Thousand New Brazilians," which tracked the Jewish community's progress in Brazil through Razovsky's visits there that occurred in 1937, 1946-1947, 1954, 1957-1958, and 1963.

She sent the manuscript to several colleagues, asking for editorial comments and suggestions for possible publishing venues, however, it does not seem that she sent the manuscript out to publishers. In June 1964 the Davidsons attended two welfare conferences in Los Angeles; they then visited San Francisco and lived for a month in Berkeley. Razovsky writes, "We are now trying to decide where to go when we leave Berkeley around the 26th--Dallas? El Paso? San Diego? Wash? Chicago? Montreal? Brazil?" They chose to visit Razovsky's brother Robert in Dallas in September 1964, then flew to El Paso for a week and returned to San Diego on October 22, 1964. They were "too sick and weary" to attend the funeral of Maury, Razovsky's brother, who died on October 25, 1964 in St. Louis, Missouri. The couple moved out of their studio into a more luxurious apartment in San Diego in December 1964.64

Both Razovsky and Dr. Davidson began to suffer from health problems. In April 1965, Razovsky had surgery, perhaps for ovarian cancer, in Los Angeles. Dr. Davidson suffered from two hemorrhages in one of his eyes. Razovsky writes, "I wish we were in Dallas so family can comfort us..." By January 1966, Dr. Davidson could no longer use his right eye and Razovsky needed to read for him.65

Razovsky still kept active in immigration affairs. In 1967, she was serving as Chairman of the International Committee for Social Work, which was formed under the San Diego branch of the National Association of Social Work. In what seems to be her last documented project, Razovsky was trying to construct an agency in San Diego to handle problems of Mexican-Americans and aliens.66

After a lifetime of service in social work and immigration relief, Razovsky succumbed to a long illness, and at the age of 81, she passed away on September 27, 1968. She was survived by her husband, two brothers (Robert Ross in Dallas, TX and Julius Razovsky in St. Louis, MO) and her sister Malcka R. Sterns in Tel Aviv, Israel. In a poignant obituary, Ralph Segalman from Austin, TX writes:

Cecilia's death is a loss to all of us, not because of her Jewishness, which was positive; not because of any extraordinary behavioral science knowledge or social work skill, but because of her heart and her concern for people, which unfortunately are all too hard to find among our professional colleagues... She was one of the last of a fast disappearing breed-namely those who are sincere in their concern for others-not just those in their clinic but those who are 'out there' and need to be helped, and even those who don't know that they can be helped..."67

Chronology

May 4, 1886Born in St. Louis, MO to Minna (Meyerson) and Jonas Razovsky.
1904-1917Volunteered as a teacher and a club leader for the Jewish Educational Alliance, St. Louis, MO
1909-1917Taught evening classes to foreigners in public school for the St. Louis Board of Education
1911-1918Handled cases of delinquent children as an employment attendance and probation officer for St. Louis Board of Education
April 1918-1920Enforced the child labor law as an inspector for the Child Labor Division of the US Children's Bureau in Washington, D.C.
1921-1932Hired as Executive Secretary of the National Council of Jewish Women's (NCJW) Department of Immigrant Aid
1921-1930Edited NCJW's The Immigrant
1922-1934Appointed Associate Director of NCJW. Publishes What Every Emigrant Should Know.
1923Surveyed conditions for Jewish refugees in European ports.
September 1923Appointed as one of NCJW delegates to the First World Congress of Jewish Women in Austria, and chaired its session on migration
1924Visited Cuba to study refugee conditions and plan a community center. Her report helped NCJW obtain funding to create a model refugee program in Havana.
1925-1935Secretary, Jewish Committee for Cuba
1926-1929Published What Every Woman Should Know About Citizenship. Served in different capacities for the National Conference of Social Work: 1926 Vice chairman of Division X, 1927 Chair of Division X, 1928 Chair of Conference on Immigration Policy.
1926Reported on Jewish refugees in ports in Juarez, Mexico and Canada.
1927Weds Dr. Morris Davidson.
1929Served as an official delegate to the International Association for the Protection of Migrants, an advisory committee to the League of Nationsin Geneva, Switzerland.
1930Reported on Jewish refugees conditions in ports in Tia Juana, Mexico.
1930-1937NCJW Representative for the Joint Legislation Committee of national organizations interested in immigrant legislation.
1931Visited Soviet Russia to study social services.
1932Chairman of committee to study effect of increased fees National Council on Naturalization and Citizenship; author of Handicaps in Naturalization (Congressional Record 1932), published by the National Council on Naturalization and Citizenship) that caused Congress to reduce naturalization fees; Represented NCJW at the World Conference of Jewish Women (Vienna, Austria); Member of Committee on contact with Jewish communal agencies and committee for social work for aliens at the International Conference on Social Work (Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany); appointed by Jane Addams.
1933Chaired committee of 12 specialists appointed by Secretary of Labor Perkins to advise Committee of Forty-Eight on Ellis Island and other port conditions.
1933-1936Served as Chair on General Committee of Immigrant Aid at Ellis Island and NY Harbor.
January 1934Created a document at NCJW citing the need for a coordinating agency (she calls it "American or Emergency Joint Bureau for German Refugees"). This agency becomes the National Coordinating Committee.
1934Loaned to the National Coordinating Committee by NCJW, served as Executive Director. Also served as Executive Secretary of the German-Jewish Children's Aid.
1937Accompanied by her husband on trip to various Latin American countries to study immigration possibilities. Reported on port conditions in Brazil and Argentina. Served as Secretary for the General Committee of Immigrant Aid at Ellis Island and NY Harbor.
1938Making Americans, published by the National Council of Jewish Women.
June 1939Witnessed the debarking of S.S. St. Louis, a ship holding 930 Jewish Refugees that was denied access to Cuba. Tried to maintain the Refugees' morale and prevent suicide attempts.
1939National Refugee Service created, Razovsky served as Director of the Migration Department.
1940Participated in the establishment of a refugee haven in Sosua, Dominican Republic.
August 1940Promoted to Assistant to Executive Director of NRS
September 1940Negotiated, with the help of Evelyn Hersey (Executive Director, American Committee for Christian Refugees), the admission of SS Quanza into the United States, after being denied landing rights in Mexico.
June 15, 1943Resigned from NRS following a change in board leadership.
September 1943-October 1944Worked as Chief of Special Services and Editor of Interpreter Releases, Common Council for American Unity, NY.
October 1944-July 1945Appointed as a Displaced Persons Specialist for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). Loaned by UNRRA to the Paris headquarters of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC).
July 1945-September 1945Returned to New York and worked as a Consultant for the UNRRA Public Information Division, addressed various groups on behalf of the UNRRA.
October 1945-February 1946Arranged a leave without pay. Resigned from UNRRA on February 14, 1946
February 1946-September 1946Worked as Director of Emigration Operations for Germany and Austria for the ADJC.
October 1946-December 1946Visited Brazil, Argentina, and other South American countries on behalf of AJDC.
March 1947-1948Worked as a Consultant for the Citizens Committee on Displaced Persons.
1948Retired to join husband in Jackson, MS, where Dr. Davidson worked as an ophthalmologist at the Veterans Hospital. Spoke on behalf of AJDC annual campaign in the South. Worked temporarily at the Family Service Association and volunteered for local civic agencies such as Community Chest, Jackson Juvenile Council, Veterans Hospital (American Red Cross), and others.
March-November 1950Comes out of retirement to work as a field representative for the United Service for New Americans. Visited six southern states to encourage Jewish communities to accept family refugee quotas and to assist with problem cases.
1954Visited Israel and Brazil.
February-June 1956Worked as Assistant Editor for the Hadassah Newsletter in New York.
1957-1958Moved to Austin, TX. Worked as a South American Resettlement Supervisor for the United Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society Service. Visited Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, and Peru.
December 1960Studied Cuban Refugees fleeing Castro in Tampa, FL, for the United States Committee for Refugees.
January 1961Attended the conference called by the U.S. government to plan a resettlement program for Cuban refugees fleeing Castro that was held in Miami Beach, FL. Among those refugees she found several families whom she assisted in Cuba in 1924.
Fall 1961Moved to El Paso, Texas, where Dr. Davidson resumed his practice. Volunteered for Social Service Dept. of Jewish Community Council.
1963Revisited Latin America, at invitation of friends she had worked with in her previous visits: in Mexico City, Lima, Peru, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia, São Paulo, and Brazil. Led training courses in social service for volunteers, and addressed faculty members and graduate students at various schools of social work.
1964Moved to San Diego, CA.
September 27, 1968Passed away at age 81.

Scope and Content Note

The papers of Cecelia Razovsky (married name: Davidson) documents the immigration worker's involvement in immigration and refugee relief from the early 1900's to the 1960's. The collection also contains material from her personal life and published works. Among the organizations Razovsky worked for include the National Council of Jewish Women, National Refugee Service, German Jewish Children's Aid, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency, United Service for New Americans, Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society Service, and Citizen's Committee on Displaced Persons.

Significant correspondents include Jane Addams, Louis Brandeis, Carrie Chapman Catt, Joseph P. Chamberlain, Philip Cowen, Alberto Gonzales Fernandez, Israel Jacobson, Max Kohler, Herbert H. Lehman, Rosa Manus, James G. McDonald, Henry Morgenthau Jr., Frances Perkins, James Rice, Joseph S. Shubow, Edward M. Warburg, and Stephen S. Wise.

The papers are valuable to researchers studying the following aspects of Jewish immigration in the United States: Eastern European influx in the early 1900's, German refugees during World War II, U.S. detention camps and resettlement of World War II refugees, and local resettlement efforts for World War II refugees in the Southwest. The collection also pertains to the study of relief work conducted in displaced persons camps in France and Germany; and evaluations of countries for resettlement, particularly in the West Indies, Central America, and South America. Of interest is material relating to Razovsky's efforts to organize women's committees in Brazil and other South American countries, and her work with refugee children.

The papers also contain information on the SS. St. Louis, SS. Quanza, a refugee haven in Sosua, Dominican Republic, immigration activities in England, Shanghai, Greece, Philippines, and Switzerland; anti-Semitism in the United States Army personnel stationed at Displaced Persons Camps; and the Child Labor Law during 1918.

Types of material include correspondence, reports, addresses, published articles, booklets, biographical sketches and resumes, case notes, diaries, flyers, legal forms, lists, manuscript drafts, military passes, minutes, news clippings, plays, photographs, press releases, programs, registration certificates, ration cards, telegrams, transcripts, travel authorizations, and trust agreements.

The documents are mostly in English, though there are some materials in Yiddish, German, Russian, Hebrew, Portuguese, and Spanish.

The papers are organized into the following series: Series I: Personal; Series II: National Council of Jewish Women; Series III: National Coordinating Committee; Series IV: National Refugee Service; Series V: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee/United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency; Series VI: Citizen's Committee on Displaced Persons; Series VII: United Service for New Americans; Series VIII: Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society Service; and Series IX: Photographs.

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Arrangement

The collection has been arranged into nine series:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Executive Director of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, N.Y., 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Papers of Cecilia Razovsky; *P-290; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Bibliography (Incomplete)

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Click the box in the request column to open the form that allows you to request a box for onsite viewing in the reading room at the Center for Jewish History, New York, NY.

 

Series I: Personal, undated, 1913, 1917-1946, 1951-1971

English, German, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 1-2, and Oversized Folder.
Arrangement:

Subseries are arranged by subject

Scope and Content:

Series I documents Razovsky's early and later years, her personal correspondence, her biographical information, and her published works. The series is subdivided into the following: Subseries 1: Early Years; Subseries 2: Personal Documents and Correspondence; Subseries 3: Written Works; and Subseries 4: Later Years.

Subseries 1: Early Years, undated, 1913, 1918-1919, 1923-1932

English.
Box 1, Folder 1.
Arrangement:

Folders are arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries focuses on Razovsky's early career as Executive Secretary for the National Council of Jewish Women's Department of Immigrant Aid. Additional documentation offers a glimpse into Razovsky's prior positions as Attendance Officer for the St. Louis Board of Education and as Inspector for the U.S. Department of Labor Children's Bureau. Further material concerns her coursework, article publications, lectures, trip to Europe, and the 1932International Conference on Social Work in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany.

The earliest items in the collection are reports written by Razovsky as an Assistant Attendance Officer for the St. Louis Board of Education. A 1912 report investigated children's street trades in downtown St. Louis, and a 1913 report detailed the procedure for issuing employment certificates to children. Razovsky's next position, as an Inspector at the U.S. Department of Labor Children's Bureau in Washington, D.C., is documented through an undated report on the administration of Child Labor Law in D.C., as well as a 1918 business trip authorization form, allowing Razovsky to travel to Virginia to inspect child labor law conditions. During this period, she applied for other positions. Her job applications include a letter written to Helen Winkler, Chairman of the Council of Jewish Women's Department of Immigrant Aid. Razovsky also applied for a government transfer to the Director of Americanization Department of the Interior that may have been for the positions of an industrial supervisor and industrial assistant.

Razovsky attended courses in various schools; her schoolwork records include two English papers with teacher's comments, probably written at the University of Chicago during the summer of 1919; a confirmation of credit transfers from the Registrar at the University of Missouri [See Box 1, Folder 3.]; and a 1930 transcript from the University of Chicago listing her courses taken during the summer of 1919.

Razovsky's work as Executive Secretary and later as Associate Director at the Council of Jewish Women is documented through reports, articles, miscellaneous correspondence, and news clippings. Her reports and articles are titled "Recent Governmental Attitude Towards Migrants," circa 1922; "America's Present Immigration Policy," 1925; "National Conference of Social Work Stresses Immigration Problems," circa 1926; "A Report on the Work of the Bureau of International Service of the National Council of Jewish Women," 1927; "Humanitarian Effects of the Immigration Law," 1927; and "Jewish Settlements in the Western Republics of South America," 1930.

Interesting correspondence includes a 1924 response concerning the condition of emigrants lodging in hostels in Antwerp from the Jewish Telegraphic Agency; a 1924 letter written to Mr. Joseph Bookstaver concerning the lack of opportunities for an immigrant in Canada and South America; correspondence arranging and planning a 1925 lecture Razovsky gave on "Methods of Jewish Immigrant Aid Work in America and Abroad" for the Training School for Jewish Social Work; a bibliography of sources to assist students attending her lecture; correspondence from the Seattle and Nashville sections of the Council of Jewish Women, regarding case studies in follow-up work; a third page of a 1927 letter appealing for financial assistance to Joseph Hyman of the Joint Distribution Committee; requests from Jewish Social Service Quarterly and the Jewish Telegraphic Agency for articles focusing on Latin America; a 1929 confidential letter from Attorney Max Kohler to Mrs. Joseph E. Friend, President of the National Council of Jewish Women concerning a survey performed by the Jewish Bureau of Social Research; and correspondence from Jane Addams, Dr. W. Polligkeit, and Sophonisba P. Breckinridge at the University of Chicago planning the 1932International Conference on Social Work held in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. Various news clippings report on lectures Razovsky gave at the National Conference of Social Work and the Phoenix section of NCJW as well as the publication of her book What Every Woman Should Know About Citizenship.

Other items of interest within the subseries include a 1925 essay by Henrietta Wolff on Americanization and a undated personal letter Razovsky wrote to her sister Malcka (whom she calls Malckan), describing her trip to Europe and particularly her experiences in Riga, Latvia.

See also: Series I: Personal, Box 1, Folder 3, Personal Documents and Memorabilia; and Series II: National Council of Jewish Women.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
11Early Yearsundated, 1913, 1918-1919, 1923-1932request_box
  Report on the method of issuing employment certificates, by Razovsky, addressed to Ben Blewett, Superintendent of the St. Louis Board of Education.October 30, 1913
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
11Report on the method of issuing employment certificates, by Razovsky, addressed to Ben Blewett, Superintendent of the St. Louis Board of Education.October 30, 1913request_box
  Travel authorization, Department of Labor's Children's Bureau, for Razovsky to investigate conditions of Child Labor in Virginia.September 1, 1918
11Travel authorization, Department of Labor's Children's Bureau, for Razovsky to investigate conditions of Child Labor in Virginia.September 1, 1918request_box
  Letter from Razovsky (probably) to Helen Winkler, Chair of the Department of Immigrant Aid.May 23, 1919
  

A job application.

11Letter from Razovsky (probably) to Helen Winkler, Chair of the Department of Immigrant Aid.May 23, 1919request_box
  

A job application.

 
  Letter to Fred Butler, Director of Americanization, Department of the Interior, from Razovsky.May 26, 1919
  

Her resume. She's presently employed as an Inspector at the Children's Bureau of the Department of Labor, $2120/year. She wants to be transferred to his Division or to a state where she can do work directing and organizing in the field of immigration.

11Letter to Fred Butler, Director of Americanization, Department of the Interior, from Razovsky.May 26, 1919request_box
  

Her resume. She's presently employed as an Inspector at the Children's Bureau of the Department of Labor, $2120/year. She wants to be transferred to his Division or to a state where she can do work directing and organizing in the field of immigration.

 
  "Report of the Administration of the Child Labor Law of the District of Columbia," by Razovsky.undated
  21 pages.
11"Report of the Administration of the Child Labor Law of the District of Columbia," by Razovsky.undatedrequest_box
  21 pages. 
  Report on a short story: "The Man Who Understood Women," by Leonard Merrick, by Razovsky, August 12, 1919, attached to story, "The Poseur," undated, author unknown (though possibly Razovsky), with teacher's comments.undated, August 12, 1919
  

[English Composition, See Item #47.]

11Report on a short story: "The Man Who Understood Women," by Leonard Merrick, by Razovsky, August 12, 1919, attached to story, "The Poseur," undated, author unknown (though possibly Razovsky), with teacher's comments.undated, August 12, 1919request_box
  

[English Composition, See Item #47.]

 
  Review: "Limehouse Nights" by Thomas Burke, by Razovsky.August 20, 1919
  In English.
  3 typed pages, with teacher's comments.
  

See Item #47.

11Review: "Limehouse Nights" by Thomas Burke, by Razovsky.August 20, 1919request_box
  

See Item #47.

In English.  3 typed pages, with teacher's comments.
 
  "A Report of Investigations Made in the Downtown District of St. Louis During the Evening, with Reference to Street Trades," by Razovsky.December 6, 1912
  

Part of an employment packet for the U.S. government? positions of Industrial Supervisor and Industrial Assistant.

11"A Report of Investigations Made in the Downtown District of St. Louis During the Evening, with Reference to Street Trades," by Razovsky.December 6, 1912request_box
  

Part of an employment packet for the U.S. government? positions of Industrial Supervisor and Industrial Assistant.

 
  Copy of a letter of recommendation for Razovsky from Caroline Fleming, Assistant Chief of the Children's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Labor.September 27, 1919
  

Part of the employment packet mentioned in Item #8.

11Copy of a letter of recommendation for Razovsky from Caroline Fleming, Assistant Chief of the Children's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Labor.September 27, 1919request_box
  

Part of the employment packet mentioned in Item #8.

 
  Copy of a letter of recommendation for Razovsky from Julia Lathrop, Chief, Children's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Labor.October 1, 1919
  

Part of the employment packet mentioned in #8.

11Copy of a letter of recommendation for Razovsky from Julia Lathrop, Chief, Children's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Labor.October 1, 1919request_box
  

Part of the employment packet mentioned in #8.

 
  Answer to Question 20.undated
  

Part of the employment packet mentioned in Item #8.

11Answer to Question 20.undatedrequest_box
  

Part of the employment packet mentioned in Item #8.

 
  Note concerning attaching the recommendation letters to the employment packet mentioned in Item #8.undated
11Note concerning attaching the recommendation letters to the employment packet mentioned in Item #8.undatedrequest_box
  Letter from Henry Gideon, Chief of Bureau of Compulsory Education, Philadelphia, to Razovsky.October 24, 1919
  

He has sent a letter of reference for her to Washington. He invites her and a Mr. Quinn to the annual convention of the National League of Compulsory Education Officials.

11Letter from Henry Gideon, Chief of Bureau of Compulsory Education, Philadelphia, to Razovsky.October 24, 1919request_box
  

He has sent a letter of reference for her to Washington. He invites her and a Mr. Quinn to the annual convention of the National League of Compulsory Education Officials.

 
  Letter from the Registrar at the University of Missouri to Razovsky.November 15, 1919
  

She has been accepted to the University, and they'll accept credit for courses done at Missouri School of Social Economy, the University of Chicago, and the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy.

11Letter from the Registrar at the University of Missouri to Razovsky.November 15, 1919request_box
  

She has been accepted to the University, and they'll accept credit for courses done at Missouri School of Social Economy, the University of Chicago, and the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy.

 
  Letter from Robert Park, Division of Immigrant Heritage Press and Theater, Study of Methods of Americanization, to Razovsky.December 20, 1919
  

She proposed some kind of investigation into something by the Carnegie Corporation. He mentions her writing an autobiography, focusing on the psychology of unemployment.

11Letter from Robert Park, Division of Immigrant Heritage Press and Theater, Study of Methods of Americanization, to Razovsky.December 20, 1919request_box
  

She proposed some kind of investigation into something by the Carnegie Corporation. He mentions her writing an autobiography, focusing on the psychology of unemployment.

 
  Press release about the praise for Razovsky's "What Every Emigrant Should Know" from Peter Wiernik.circa 1922
11Press release about the praise for Razovsky's "What Every Emigrant Should Know" from Peter Wiernik.circa 1922request_box
  "Recent Governmental Attitude Towards Migrants," by Razovsky, Secretary of the Department of Immigrant Aid Council of Jewish Women.undated
11"Recent Governmental Attitude Towards Migrants," by Razovsky, Secretary of the Department of Immigrant Aid Council of Jewish Women.undatedrequest_box
  "Recent Governmental Attitude Towards Migrants," by Razovsky, Secretary of the Department of Immigrant Aid Council of Jewish Women.undated
11"Recent Governmental Attitude Towards Migrants," by Razovsky, Secretary of the Department of Immigrant Aid Council of Jewish Women.undatedrequest_box
  Letter from Railways of France to Razovsky.January 22, 1924
  

They can't send her the posters she has asked for.

11Letter from Railways of France to Razovsky.January 22, 1924request_box
  

They can't send her the posters she has asked for.

 
  Letter from the Jewish Telegraphic Agency to Etta Lasker Rosensohn, Chair, Council of Jewish Women (CJW), N.Y., acknowledging her requested investigation of conditions for 200 emigrants lodging at the Red Star Line hostels at Antwerp.June 10, 1924
11Letter from the Jewish Telegraphic Agency to Etta Lasker Rosensohn, Chair, Council of Jewish Women (CJW), N.Y., acknowledging her requested investigation of conditions for 200 emigrants lodging at the Red Star Line hostels at Antwerp.June 10, 1924request_box
  Letter from Razovsky to Joseph Bookstaver.December 11, 1924
  

Information regarding the conditions for immigrants in Canada, Cuba, Mexico and South America. Bookstaver has asked for the information because he wants his relatives from Russia to settle in one of these countries (because it's so hard to get people into the U.S.). Canada is too restrictive, Cuba is entirely out of the question (immigrants are suffering from the heat, don't know the language, and are mostly unemployed), Mexico has very few Jews, and it's hard to find them jobs because the country is so agricultural, Argentina is almost entirely closed to immigration, Uruguay and Brazil are almost impossible to find jobs in. "I want to emphasize the fact that no matter to what country such prospective emigrants will proceed, they will have to suffer and work very hard. The peace and comfort they are seeking will only be found after years of struggle and effort."

11Letter from Razovsky to Joseph Bookstaver.December 11, 1924request_box
  

Information regarding the conditions for immigrants in Canada, Cuba, Mexico and South America. Bookstaver has asked for the information because he wants his relatives from Russia to settle in one of these countries (because it's so hard to get people into the U.S.). Canada is too restrictive, Cuba is entirely out of the question (immigrants are suffering from the heat, don't know the language, and are mostly unemployed), Mexico has very few Jews, and it's hard to find them jobs because the country is so agricultural, Argentina is almost entirely closed to immigration, Uruguay and Brazil are almost impossible to find jobs in. "I want to emphasize the fact that no matter to what country such prospective emigrants will proceed, they will have to suffer and work very hard. The peace and comfort they are seeking will only be found after years of struggle and effort."

 
  Essay by Henrietta Wolff on Americanization.February 5, 1925
  9 small typed pages.
  

On how best to run Americanization programs, including language programs and the training of Americanization workers (whom she refers to as "she"). She includes excerpts from essays submitted by new Americans for an essay contest, including: "'Women are equal to men in America. They are regarded as partners rather than inferiors as is the custom in some foreign lands.'"

11Essay by Henrietta Wolff on Americanization.February 5, 1925request_box
  

On how best to run Americanization programs, including language programs and the training of Americanization workers (whom she refers to as "she"). She includes excerpts from essays submitted by new Americans for an essay contest, including: "'Women are equal to men in America. They are regarded as partners rather than inferiors as is the custom in some foreign lands.'"

9 small typed pages.
 
  Letter from Maurice Karpf, Director of the Training School for Jewish Social Work, N.Y.C., to Razovsky.May 12, 1925
  

Asking her to give the lecture. Attached is a copy of the schedule for a course in "The Field of Jewish Social Service in the United States."

11Letter from Maurice Karpf, Director of the Training School for Jewish Social Work, N.Y.C., to Razovsky.May 12, 1925request_box
  

Asking her to give the lecture. Attached is a copy of the schedule for a course in "The Field of Jewish Social Service in the United States."

 
  Outline of the lecture "Methods of Jewish Immigrant Aid Work in America and Abroad."undated
  

Plus handwritten draft of it.

11Outline of the lecture "Methods of Jewish Immigrant Aid Work in America and Abroad."undatedrequest_box
  

Plus handwritten draft of it.

 
  Bibliography on Jewish Immigrant Aid Work in Europe and America.undated
11Bibliography on Jewish Immigrant Aid Work in Europe and America.undatedrequest_box
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Karpf.May 14, 1925
  

Saying that she'll give the lecture.

11Copy of letter from Razovsky to Karpf.May 14, 1925request_box
  

Saying that she'll give the lecture.

 
  Letter from Maurice Karpf, Director of the Training School for Jewish Social Work, N.Y.C., to Razovsky.June 26, 1925
  

Could she change the date of her lecture?

11Letter from Maurice Karpf, Director of the Training School for Jewish Social Work, N.Y.C., to Razovsky.June 26, 1925request_box
  

Could she change the date of her lecture?

 
  "America's Present Immigration Policy," by Razovsky, Secretary of NCJW Department of Immigrant Aid.1925
  11 incomplete typed pages.
11"America's Present Immigration Policy," by Razovsky, Secretary of NCJW Department of Immigrant Aid.1925request_box
  11 incomplete typed pages. 
  Clipping, "Miss Razovsky Speaks Before Social Session," regarding her address at the National Conference of Social Work.1925
11Clipping, "Miss Razovsky Speaks Before Social Session," regarding her address at the National Conference of Social Work.1925request_box
  "National Conference of Social Work Stresses Immigration Problems," by Razovsky.undated
  5 typed pages.
11"National Conference of Social Work Stresses Immigration Problems," by Razovsky.undatedrequest_box
  5 typed pages. 
  Letter from Mrs. Abe K. Kreidel, Chairman, Immigrant Aid Committee, Seattle Section Council of Jewish Women, to Razovsky.February 16, 1926
  

Razovsky has asked her about follow-up work. She says that it's extremely important that the women count on the NCJW women as friends, and that often they're the only ones who look after them.

11Letter from Mrs. Abe K. Kreidel, Chairman, Immigrant Aid Committee, Seattle Section Council of Jewish Women, to Razovsky.February 16, 1926request_box
  

Razovsky has asked her about follow-up work. She says that it's extremely important that the women count on the NCJW women as friends, and that often they're the only ones who look after them.

 
  Letter from Mrs. Joe Weinstein member of the Nashville, Tennessee Section of the NJCW, to Razovsky.March 12, 1926
  

Attached to a case study "which I handled with gratifying results, and which proves the value of follow-up work among our immigrant girls and women"

11Letter from Mrs. Joe Weinstein member of the Nashville, Tennessee Section of the NJCW, to Razovsky.March 12, 1926request_box
  

Attached to a case study "which I handled with gratifying results, and which proves the value of follow-up work among our immigrant girls and women"

 
11Letter from Rachel Caplan, of the Aurora ?? Section, NCJW, to Miss Florina Lasker, concerning Lasker's suggestion of a study group.September 6, 1926request_box
  "Cecilia [sic] Razovsky Writes on 'What Every Woman Should Know About Citizenship," clipping from Jewish Exponent, Philadelphia.November 26, 1926
  In English and Yiddish.
  

Book published by the Department of Immigrant Aid of the National Council of Jewish Women. Analyzes the Cable Act, 1922, which provided for the independent citizenship of married women. "The right of any woman to become a naturalized citizen of the U.S. may not be denied or abridged by reason of her sex or marital status. The main purpose of this law was to grant women in so far as it is possible, citienship on equal terms with men."

11"Cecilia [sic] Razovsky Writes on 'What Every Woman Should Know About Citizenship," clipping from Jewish Exponent, Philadelphia.November 26, 1926request_box
  

Book published by the Department of Immigrant Aid of the National Council of Jewish Women. Analyzes the Cable Act, 1922, which provided for the independent citizenship of married women. "The right of any woman to become a naturalized citizen of the U.S. may not be denied or abridged by reason of her sex or marital status. The main purpose of this law was to grant women in so far as it is possible, citienship on equal terms with men."

In English and Yiddish. 
 
  Page 3 of a letter to Mr. Joseph Hyman, from Razovsky, Secretary of NCJW, appealing to the Joint Distribution Committee for financial assistance.February 14, 1927
11Page 3 of a letter to Mr. Joseph Hyman, from Razovsky, Secretary of NCJW, appealing to the Joint Distribution Committee for financial assistance.February 14, 1927request_box
  "A Report on the Work of the Bureau of International Service of the National Council of Jewish Women," written by Razovsky, Secretary of NCJW.February 15, 1927
  22 typed pages.
  

Arranges for visas and for transportation, protect and maintain women and children who are detained at points of departure, facilitate their admission at ports of entry, meet unaccompanied Jewish women and girls at port of debarkation. Includes case studies. Includes a short description of their work in Cuba; of their work in reuniting families; their work with women and girls who are deported, sometimes arranging for them to overcome whatever it was that got them deported (illiteracy, illness, papers not in order) so that they can return to the U.S.; on their work combating white slave traders. Lists reasons why the department should continue its actions, including: "That as an organization of Jewish women, the unfortunate women of Europe turn to us for assistance in their problems, feeling that as women we can sympathize and understand them in their sufferings."

11"A Report on the Work of the Bureau of International Service of the National Council of Jewish Women," written by Razovsky, Secretary of NCJW.February 15, 1927request_box
  

Arranges for visas and for transportation, protect and maintain women and children who are detained at points of departure, facilitate their admission at ports of entry, meet unaccompanied Jewish women and girls at port of debarkation. Includes case studies. Includes a short description of their work in Cuba; of their work in reuniting families; their work with women and girls who are deported, sometimes arranging for them to overcome whatever it was that got them deported (illiteracy, illness, papers not in order) so that they can return to the U.S.; on their work combating white slave traders. Lists reasons why the department should continue its actions, including: "That as an organization of Jewish women, the unfortunate women of Europe turn to us for assistance in their problems, feeling that as women we can sympathize and understand them in their sufferings."

22 typed pages.
 
  "Humanitarian Effects of the Immigration Law," written by Razovsky.May 12, 1927
  

Suggestions for humanizing a recent immigration law that has caused suffering. Results of a study, consisting of questionnaires sent out to various immigration organizations on the alien men living in their communities whose families are still abroad.

11"Humanitarian Effects of the Immigration Law," written by Razovsky.May 12, 1927request_box
  

Suggestions for humanizing a recent immigration law that has caused suffering. Results of a study, consisting of questionnaires sent out to various immigration organizations on the alien men living in their communities whose families are still abroad.

 
  "Statement Adopted by the Temporary Council on Immigration Policy," which held a meeting in Des Moines, Iowa.May 18, 1927
11"Statement Adopted by the Temporary Council on Immigration Policy," which held a meeting in Des Moines, Iowa.May 18, 1927request_box
  Letter from Sophonisba Breckenridge from the Office of the Dean, Graduate School of Social Service Administration, The University of Chicago to Razovsky at National Conference of Social Work in Columbus, Ohio.August 25, 1927
  

Answering some questions from Razovsky about feelings in Chicago of superiority over the European immigrant - "I am afraid we are pretty much 'Nordic' in that part of the world, but we are conscious rather of our superiority over the Black than of our superiority over the European immigrant."

11Letter from Sophonisba Breckenridge from the Office of the Dean, Graduate School of Social Service Administration, The University of Chicago to Razovsky at National Conference of Social Work in Columbus, Ohio.August 25, 1927request_box
  

Answering some questions from Razovsky about feelings in Chicago of superiority over the European immigrant - "I am afraid we are pretty much 'Nordic' in that part of the world, but we are conscious rather of our superiority over the Black than of our superiority over the European immigrant."

 
  Letter from I.M Rubinow, Editor of the Jewish Social Service Quarterly, to Razovsky at the Department of Immigrant Aid, NCJW.September 9, 1927
  

Saying that they'd be happy to publish an article by her, suggesting that it be about her work in Latin America.

11Letter from I.M Rubinow, Editor of the Jewish Social Service Quarterly, to Razovsky at the Department of Immigrant Aid, NCJW.September 9, 1927request_box
  

Saying that they'd be happy to publish an article by her, suggesting that it be about her work in Latin America.

 
  Confidential letter from Max Kohler, Counselor at Law, to Mrs. Joseph Friend, President of NCJW.December 26, 1929
  

On the relationship between NCJW and the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society.

11Confidential letter from Max Kohler, Counselor at Law, to Mrs. Joseph Friend, President of NCJW.December 26, 1929request_box
  

On the relationship between NCJW and the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society.

 
  Photocopy of a clipping, Phoenix, Arizona Republican, "Eastern Visitor Discusses Immigration Problems Before Council of Jewish Women."January 9, 1930
  

Razovsky gave a speech to the local CJW on why the work of the Council is still so important.

11Photocopy of a clipping, Phoenix, Arizona Republican, "Eastern Visitor Discusses Immigration Problems Before Council of Jewish Women."January 9, 1930request_box
  

Razovsky gave a speech to the local CJW on why the work of the Council is still so important.

 
  Photocopy of a clipping, Phoenix, Arizona Republican, "Cecilia Razovsky Discusses Weaknesses of Immigration and Deportation Measures."January 12, 1930
11Photocopy of a clipping, Phoenix, Arizona Republican, "Cecilia Razovsky Discusses Weaknesses of Immigration and Deportation Measures."January 12, 1930request_box
  Letter from News Editor of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA).June 30, 1930
  

She's agreed to write on Jews in South America, not including Brazil and Argentina. Some notes in pencil on the back on various countries.

11Letter from News Editor of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA).June 30, 1930request_box
  

She's agreed to write on Jews in South America, not including Brazil and Argentina. Some notes in pencil on the back on various countries.

 
  Copy of a letter from Razovsky to News Editor of JTA.July 3, 1930
  

She'll write the article, but there isn't much information on Jews in these countries.

11Copy of a letter from Razovsky to News Editor of JTA.July 3, 1930request_box
  

She'll write the article, but there isn't much information on Jews in these countries.

 
  "Jewish Settlements in the Western Republics of South America," by Razovsky, Executive Director, Department of Service to Foreign Born, National Council of Jewish Women.1930
  6 typed pages.
11"Jewish Settlements in the Western Republics of South America," by Razovsky, Executive Director, Department of Service to Foreign Born, National Council of Jewish Women.1930request_box
  6 typed pages. 
  Razovsky's transcript from the University of Chicago, Summer term, 1919, printed for Razovsky.September 26, 1930
  

Sociology: the Survey (grade: A), English: English Composition (grade: A)

11Razovsky's transcript from the University of Chicago, Summer term, 1919, printed for Razovsky.September 26, 1930request_box
  

Sociology: the Survey (grade: A), English: English Composition (grade: A)

 
  Letter from Thomas Crowell, Co., Publishers, to Razovsky.May 1, 1931
  

Her manuscript, "Foreign-Born Children," is overdue.

11Letter from Thomas Crowell, Co., Publishers, to Razovsky.May 1, 1931request_box
  

Her manuscript, "Foreign-Born Children," is overdue.

 
  Telegram from Jane Addams to Razovsky.April 25, 1932
  

"Can you speak Frankfurt German?", Foreign Families Section, July International Conference

11Telegram from Jane Addams to Razovsky.April 25, 1932request_box
  

"Can you speak Frankfurt German?", Foreign Families Section, July International Conference

 
  Letter from the Secretary of Dean Abbott, University of Chicago Graduate School of Social Service Administration to Razovsky.May 10, 1932
  

Attached is a copy of a 2 page translated letter from Professor W. Polligkeit to Jane Addams. Organizing details for the upcoming conference, such as who should speak and on what.

11Letter from the Secretary of Dean Abbott, University of Chicago Graduate School of Social Service Administration to Razovsky.May 10, 1932request_box
  

Attached is a copy of a 2 page translated letter from Professor W. Polligkeit to Jane Addams. Organizing details for the upcoming conference, such as who should speak and on what.

 
  Letter from Breckenridge to Razovsky.May 28, 1932
  

Planning for the conference. Attached is another copy of the translation of the letter to Addams sent in Item #50. Handwritten notes in pencil on the back of the Addams letter.

11Letter from Breckenridge to Razovsky.May 28, 1932request_box
  

Planning for the conference. Attached is another copy of the translation of the letter to Addams sent in Item #50. Handwritten notes in pencil on the back of the Addams letter.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Sophonisba Breckenridge.May 31, 1932
  

She will attend the conference coming up, and she wants to know what her official position there will be.

11Copy of letter from Razovsky to Sophonisba Breckenridge.May 31, 1932request_box
  

She will attend the conference coming up, and she wants to know what her official position there will be.

 
  Letter from Sophonisba Breckenridge, University of Chicago Graduate School of Social Service Administration.June 9, 1932
  

Discussing the possibility of Razovsky attending a conference in Frankfurt. She mentions Jane Addams.

11Letter from Sophonisba Breckenridge, University of Chicago Graduate School of Social Service Administration.June 9, 1932request_box
  

Discussing the possibility of Razovsky attending a conference in Frankfurt. She mentions Jane Addams.

 
  "Paying Our Rent," author unknown.undated
  6 small typed pages.
  

"It is most important that our homes be of the highest standard because upon the excellence of the home depend the excellence and stability of the nation." "But the home need not, indeed it should not claim all our time and effort. We owe it to ourselves and to our families to take an active part in the civil and communal affairs of the city in which we live." Serve your community, American women must work for peace [it's possible that this was written by Razovsky, because it talks about the author's work with the Americanization committee]. Seems to be incomplete.

11"Paying Our Rent," author unknown.undatedrequest_box
  

"It is most important that our homes be of the highest standard because upon the excellence of the home depend the excellence and stability of the nation." "But the home need not, indeed it should not claim all our time and effort. We owe it to ourselves and to our families to take an active part in the civil and communal affairs of the city in which we live." Serve your community, American women must work for peace [it's possible that this was written by Razovsky, because it talks about the author's work with the Americanization committee]. Seems to be incomplete.

6 small typed pages.
 
  Letter from Razovsky to "MalckaN," on Joint stationery from Riga.June 9, ?
  

"MalckaN" is her sister. She's traveling around Europe, staying with various friends.

11Letter from Razovsky to "MalckaN," on Joint stationery from Riga.June 9, ?request_box
  

"MalckaN" is her sister. She's traveling around Europe, staying with various friends.

 
  Proceedings of the Meeting of the Temporary Committee on Naturalization.July 17, (year?)
  

Razovsky is Chair and author of the report.

11Proceedings of the Meeting of the Temporary Committee on Naturalization.July 17, (year?)request_box
  

Razovsky is Chair and author of the report.

 

Subseries 2: Personal Documents and Correspondence, undated, 1920, 1928, 1940-1947, 1953-1967

English, Yiddish.
Box 1, Folders 2-4.
Arrangement:

Folders are arranged by format.

Scope and Content:

This subseries includes Razovsky's biographical summaries, resumes, and obituaries; her personal documents; her memorabilia; and her personal correspondence.

Razovsky wrote the biographical sketches and resumes (Folder 2) between 1919 and 1967. There are several versions available; including detailed federal employment applications she completed in 1947 for a social work positions in Dallas, Texas or Mississippi. Of interest is a 1964 statement of how she first became interested in immigration. Three obituaries complete the folder. For additional obituaries, see Box 2, Folder 4. For Davidson's curriculum vitae, please see Box 1, Folder 3.

Folder 3 contains personal documents such as a 1928 book contract for Stories of Foreign Born Children in America and a 1953 certificate of membership to the American Association of Social Workers. The personal effects of World War II are apparent through an affidavit Razovsky filed in 1940 for her cousin in France, Jacques Zatvan that includes a cover letter and required copy of the list of Savings Bonds she and her husband owned. Dr. Davidson completed an application for information on relatives and friends in Russia in 1944. The folder also contains letters of recommendation, one signed by Governor Herbert H. Lehman in 1942, and curriculum vitae for both Razovsky and Davidson, each dated 1960. In 1957, Razovsky applied to attend a creative writing conference at the University of Texas, and wrote to the St. Louis Board of Education and the University of Missouri for her transcripts, and in 1959 during her trip to Mexico, she attended the Academia Internacional de Espanol for Spanish and a Mexican dance class.

Memorabilia encompasses passes, registration certificates, vaccination certificates, ration cards, and booklets. The earliest is a 1920 Ellis Island Visitation Committee pass. The rest of the memorabilia dates from Razovsky's work as a specialist for the Displaced Personal Division of the United National Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. Among the items is a registration certificate as an alien in London and a Guide to Assembly Center Administration by the Displaced Persons Branch.

Folder 3 also includes two Yiddish letters written by a cousin of Dr. Davidson's in Israel, Leiv Flax.

Folder 4 contains letters Razovsky wrote to her husband, describing her personal experiences helping displaced persons during her work for UNRRA.

See also: Series I, Box 1, Folder 1, Early Years; Series V: AJDC/UNRRA; Series VIII: United HIAS Service, and Series IX: Photographs.

Note: The records of the NCJW, New York Section, I-469 has a very good photo of Razovsky

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
12Biographical Sketches and Resumesundated, 1945, 1947, 1955, 1964, 1967request_box
  Curriculum Vitae.post-1919
  3 typed pages
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
12Curriculum Vitae.post-1919request_box
  3 typed pages 
  Biographical sketch.post-1924
  2 typed pages
12Biographical sketch.post-1924request_box
  2 typed pages 
  Biographical sketch, from the National Refugee Service, 2 copies.post-1934
12Biographical sketch, from the National Refugee Service, 2 copies.post-1934request_box
  Curriculum Vitae.post-1939
  3 typed pages
12Curriculum Vitae.post-1939request_box
  3 typed pages 
  1 page Summary of foreign experience.post-1939
  2 typed pages
121 page Summary of foreign experience.post-1939request_box
  2 typed pages 
  Page 4 of a Curriculum Vitae.post-1944
12Page 4 of a Curriculum Vitae.post-1944request_box
  1 paragraph on her work with refugees, for UNRRA Staff Luncheon.July 24, 1945
121 paragraph on her work with refugees, for UNRRA Staff Luncheon.July 24, 1945request_box
  Curriculum Vitae.post-1941
  2 typed pages, 2 copies.
12Curriculum Vitae.post-1941request_box
  2 typed pages, 2 copies. 
  Biographical sketch.post-1945
  1 page
12Biographical sketch.post-1945request_box
  1 page 
  Application for federal employment as a Social Worker in Dallas, Texas or Mississippi.December 1947
  2 copies.
12Application for federal employment as a Social Worker in Dallas, Texas or Mississippi.December 1947request_box
  2 copies. 
  Biographical sketch.post-1948
  1 page
12Biographical sketch.post-1948request_box
  1 page 
  1 page summary.post-1948
  2 copies.
121 page summary.post-1948request_box
  2 copies. 
  Page 4 of a Curriculum Vitae.post-1951
12Page 4 of a Curriculum Vitae.post-1951request_box
  Nominee for Executive Committee of the Mississippi Conference of Social Work, 1 page resume.1955-1956
12Nominee for Executive Committee of the Mississippi Conference of Social Work, 1 page resume.1955-1956request_box
  Biographical sketch.post-1957
  1 typed page.
12Biographical sketch.post-1957request_box
  1 typed page. 
  Biography of Razovsky and her husband, and their work for refugees in South America.November 12, 1958
  1 page.
12Biography of Razovsky and her husband, and their work for refugees in South America.November 12, 1958request_box
  1 page. 
  2 page biography, 2 versions.post-1961
122 page biography, 2 versions.post-1961request_box
  Curriculum Vitae.post-1963
  2 pages.
12Curriculum Vitae.post-1963request_box
  2 pages. 
  Curriculum Vitae.post-1963
  1 page.
12Curriculum Vitae.post-1963request_box
  1 page. 
  Biographical notes, San Diego, California.May 1964
  5 typed pages, 4 copies.
12Biographical notes, San Diego, California.May 1964request_box
  5 typed pages, 4 copies. 
  Biographical notes, San Diego, California.May 1964
  6 typed pages
12Biographical notes, San Diego, California.May 1964request_box
  6 typed pages 
  Biographical notes, plus a statement describing how she first became interested in immigration.1964
12Biographical notes, plus a statement describing how she first became interested in immigration.1964request_box
  Biographical sketch.November 17, 1967
  1 typed page.
12Biographical sketch.November 17, 1967request_box
  1 typed page. 
  Fact and Opinion, obituary, attached is a last paragraph of an obituary, which turns into a polemic against war.November 17, 1967
12Fact and Opinion, obituary, attached is a last paragraph of an obituary, which turns into a polemic against war.November 17, 1967request_box
  Obituary.1968
  2 pages
12Obituary.1968request_box
  2 pages 
  Obituary.1968
  1 page, 2 copies.
12Obituary.1968request_box
  1 page, 2 copies. 
13Personal Documents and Memorabilia1920, 1928, 1940-1946, 1953-1959, 1960, 1962request_box
  Ellis Island pass - member Ellis Island Visitation Committee.1920
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
13Ellis Island pass - member Ellis Island Visitation Committee.1920request_box
  Contract for book, Stories of Foreign Born Children in America.1928
13Contract for book, Stories of Foreign Born Children in America.1928request_box
  Affidavit of support for her cousin, Jacques Zatvan of France.1940
13Affidavit of support for her cousin, Jacques Zatvan of France.1940request_box
  Letter from the Treasury Department, listing the U.S. Savings Bonds owned by the Davidsons.April 10, 1940
13Letter from the Treasury Department, listing the U.S. Savings Bonds owned by the Davidsons.April 10, 1940request_box
  Letter of recommendation/introduction from Governor Herbert Lehman, N.Y.1942
13Letter of recommendation/introduction from Governor Herbert Lehman, N.Y.1942request_box
  Letters of recommendation for her to be appointed to the Governor's staff on immigration.1943
13Letters of recommendation for her to be appointed to the Governor's staff on immigration.1943request_box
  Application for information on relatives and friends in Russia by Morris Davidson.1944
13Application for information on relatives and friends in Russia by Morris Davidson.1944request_box
  Guide to Assembly Center [for Displaced Persons] Administration.September 1944
13Guide to Assembly Center [for Displaced Persons] Administration.September 1944request_box
  Passes/Cards.1944-1946
  

UNRRA pass, 1944. International certificate of vaccination, 1944. Certificate of registration as Alien, London, 1944. With photo stapled in and extra photo loose inside. Civilian pass to officers' mess, March 1945. Civilian continent card, pass to officers' mess, April 1945. Card from Ministry of Health and Dept. of Health for Scotland, June 1945. Night, Sunday and Holiday pass, Washington, July 1945. Military entry permit, Frankfurt, February 1946. Officers' mess pass, Germany, April 1946. Officers' mess pass, Regina Hotel, June 1946. Pass into Commanding General's Casino Mess (on back: "Death is so Permanent - Drive Carefully), July 1946. Ration card, Army Exchange, July 1946. Booklet: "United States Forces European Theater Currency Control Record, July 1946. Military pass, October 1946.

13Passes/Cards.1944-1946request_box
  

UNRRA pass, 1944. International certificate of vaccination, 1944. Certificate of registration as Alien, London, 1944. With photo stapled in and extra photo loose inside. Civilian pass to officers' mess, March 1945. Civilian continent card, pass to officers' mess, April 1945. Card from Ministry of Health and Dept. of Health for Scotland, June 1945. Night, Sunday and Holiday pass, Washington, July 1945. Military entry permit, Frankfurt, February 1946. Officers' mess pass, Germany, April 1946. Officers' mess pass, Regina Hotel, June 1946. Pass into Commanding General's Casino Mess (on back: "Death is so Permanent - Drive Carefully), July 1946. Ration card, Army Exchange, July 1946. Booklet: "United States Forces European Theater Currency Control Record, July 1946. Military pass, October 1946.

 
  Certificate of membership, American Association of Social Workers.September 1953
13Certificate of membership, American Association of Social Workers.September 1953request_box
  Application for Admission, University of Texas.1957
  

She wants to attend a conference on creative writing.

13Application for Admission, University of Texas.1957request_box
  

She wants to attend a conference on creative writing.

 
  Letters concerning her search for a high school transcript.1957
  

ncludes a letter from the St. Louis Board of Education with a note written on the back that reads "Hope you get into College - about time you got started with your college education..."

13Letters concerning her search for a high school transcript.1957request_box
  

ncludes a letter from the St. Louis Board of Education with a note written on the back that reads "Hope you get into College - about time you got started with your college education..."

 
  Transcript of classes taken at Academia Internacional de Español, Mexico.1959
  

Spanish classes and a class in Mexican Dance.

13Transcript of classes taken at Academia Internacional de Español, Mexico.1959request_box
  

Spanish classes and a class in Mexican Dance.

 
  Curriculum Vitae of Razovsky.August 1960
13Curriculum Vitae of Razovsky.August 1960request_box
  Curriculum Vitae of Morris Davidson.September 1960
13Curriculum Vitae of Morris Davidson.September 1960request_box
  Letter in Yiddish from Leiv Flax in Israel.1960
13Letter in Yiddish from Leiv Flax in Israel.1960request_box
  Aerogram from Leiv Flax in Israel.1962
  In Yiddish.
13Aerogram from Leiv Flax in Israel.1962request_box
  In Yiddish.   
14Personal Correspondenceundated, 1945-1946request_box
  V-Mail from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.February 21, 1945
  

Comments about the censors, taking a French class, her exhaustion, the slowness of work there, and generalities.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
14V-Mail from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.February 21, 1945request_box
  

Comments about the censors, taking a French class, her exhaustion, the slowness of work there, and generalities.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.May 13, 1945
  

Attached is a list of liberated areas.

14Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.May 13, 1945request_box
  

Attached is a list of liberated areas.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.May 23, 1945
  

Mentions enclosing a list of people found in Koeln. Has no time to write to any one other then him and her Mother. Will be receiving lists from Bergen Belsen, Dachau, and Buchenwald.

14Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.May 23, 1945request_box
  

Mentions enclosing a list of people found in Koeln. Has no time to write to any one other then him and her Mother. Will be receiving lists from Bergen Belsen, Dachau, and Buchenwald.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Behrl.June 4, 1945
  

Worked until one thirty this morning, helping recent arrivals. Describes exchange of new currency (guards in front of every bank) and the food situation.

14Letter from Razovsky to Behrl.June 4, 1945request_box
  

Worked until one thirty this morning, helping recent arrivals. Describes exchange of new currency (guards in front of every bank) and the food situation.

 
  V-Mail from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.June 5, 1945
  

Received three of his letters today. "... We are doing wonderful helpful exciting rescue work - I am desolate at leaving it - I really feel needed here..."

14V-Mail from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.June 5, 1945request_box
  

Received three of his letters today. "... We are doing wonderful helpful exciting rescue work - I am desolate at leaving it - I really feel needed here..."

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.June 12, 1945
  

Mentions enclosing a photo and a list from Kovno. Further generalities.

14Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.June 12, 1945request_box
  

Mentions enclosing a photo and a list from Kovno. Further generalities.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.June 16, 1945
  

Writes of her busy schedule, packages sent and received, worried about not receiving her mail.

14Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.June 16, 1945request_box
  

Writes of her busy schedule, packages sent and received, worried about not receiving her mail.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.February 26, 1946
  

Describes her travel plans, a Dr. Dunnahoo who remembers Davidson from Ellis Island, and trying to find information regarding Davidson's nephew. She will be staying in Frankfort for a while.

14Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.February 26, 1946request_box
  

Describes her travel plans, a Dr. Dunnahoo who remembers Davidson from Ellis Island, and trying to find information regarding Davidson's nephew. She will be staying in Frankfort for a while.

 
  V-Mail from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.March 9, 1946
  

Describes problems with receiving her mail, mentions two JDC workers who died in an airplane crash, and asks him to come.

14V-Mail from Razovsky to Dr. Davidson.March 9, 1946request_box
  

Describes problems with receiving her mail, mentions two JDC workers who died in an airplane crash, and asks him to come.

 
  Note from Jeanette to Razovsky and Davidson.June 15, ?
  

Thanking them for their kindness when she was ill, and hopes they are enjoying Mexico.

14Note from Jeanette to Razovsky and Davidson.June 15, ?request_box
  

Thanking them for their kindness when she was ill, and hopes they are enjoying Mexico.

 

Subseries 3: Written Works, undated, 1917, 1920, 1922, 1926, 1929-1940, 1955, 1962

English and Yiddish.
Box 1, Folders 5-7, and Oversized Folder.
Arrangement:

Folders are arranged by format.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains published and unpublished articles, plays, studies and booklets authored by Razovsky.

The earliest published work in this subseries, located in Folder 5, is an article titled "The Season of Love," and was published in The Survey in 1917. Folder 5 also contains published versions of "These Families Want a Chance," and a review Razovsky wrote on a Maurice Kapf book. Razovsky's manuscripts include "Soviet Children Have Their Say About Books" and "Russian Children Learn to Read" an addition to and a translation of a pamphlet she found during her trip to the U.S.S.R. in 1931, and "A Wise and Virtuous Woman" reviewing Pearl Buck's autobiography My Several Worlds. Razovsky's notes on conditions for women in South American countries is of interest and is dated circa 1947. The final item in Folder 5 is an undated manuscript is titled "Locating Relatives" that was written for her family.

Folders 6 and 7 contain published works by Razovsky. A full list is available in the item description.


See also:

Series I: Personal, Box 2, Folder 4, Item #14 "Forty Thousand New Brazilians;"
Box 2, Folder 5 Item #2 and Item #3 "El Paso-The International City".

Series II: National Council of Jewish Women; Box 2, Folder 8, Item #11 NBC Radio Broadcast by Razovsky;

Series III: NCC, Box 3, Folder 5, Item #2 "An Ounce of Prevention" and Item #3 "The Present Status of Jewish Settlement and Jewish Migration to Brazil and the Argentine."

Series III: NCC, Box 3, Folder 7, Item #4, Item #9, and Item #10 memoirs of Razovsky's experience with S.S. St. Louis.

Series IV: National Refugee Service, Box 5, Folder 1, Item #5 "How Does the Refugee Get Here?"

Series VIII: United HIAS, Box 7, Folder 5 "Forty Thousand New Brazilians;"Box 7, Folder 7, Item #11 Speech address regarding Latin America; and Box 7, Folder 7, Item #22 draft "A Quarter Century of Brazil's Progress".

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
15Miscellaneous Articlesundated, 1917, 1932, 1940, 1955, 1962request_box
  "The Season of Love".December 22, 1917
  

The Survey.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
15"The Season of Love".December 22, 1917request_box
  

The Survey.

 
  "These Families Want a Chance," unknown publication.circa 1924
  

First hand cases of immigrants being affected by the quota law.

15"These Families Want a Chance," unknown publication.circa 1924request_box
  

First hand cases of immigrants being affected by the quota law.

 
  Statement by Razovsky on a visit she and her husband took in 1931 to the U.S.S.R.undated, 1931
  

Visited during a famine, illiteracy was high, found in a bookstore a pamphlet on what Soviet children read.

15Statement by Razovsky on a visit she and her husband took in 1931 to the U.S.S.R.undated, 1931request_box
  

Visited during a famine, illiteracy was high, found in a bookstore a pamphlet on what Soviet children read.

 
  "Soviet Children Have Their Say About Books"September 1932
15"Soviet Children Have Their Say About Books"September 1932request_box
  "Karpf, Maurice J., Jewish Community Organization in the United States, New York 1939, [Book Review]," Jewish Social Studies, date stamped April 25, 1940.September 1932
15"Karpf, Maurice J., Jewish Community Organization in the United States, New York 1939, [Book Review]," Jewish Social Studies, date stamped April 25, 1940.September 1932request_box
  Typewritten notes on conditions for women in South American countries.circa 1947
15Typewritten notes on conditions for women in South American countries.circa 1947request_box
  "A Wise and Virtuous Woman."January 1955
  

Book review of Pearl Buck's autobiography My Several Worlds.

15"A Wise and Virtuous Woman."January 1955request_box
  

Book review of Pearl Buck's autobiography My Several Worlds.

 
  "Russian Children Learn to Read," translated by Dr. Davidson, signed by Razovsky, 1962.undated, May and June 1931, 1962
  

Attached is a list of children's books published by one publishing house for May and June 1931.

15"Russian Children Learn to Read," translated by Dr. Davidson, signed by Razovsky, 1962.undated, May and June 1931, 1962request_box
  

Attached is a list of children's books published by one publishing house for May and June 1931.

 
  "Locating Relatives."undated
  

Describes her case work with finding lost relatives. Written for her family; she writes of finding the relatives of Uncle Morris.

15"Locating Relatives."undatedrequest_box
  

Describes her case work with finding lost relatives. Written for her family; she writes of finding the relatives of Uncle Morris.

 
16Published Works About Immigration.1920, 1922, 1926request_box
  Contains some Yiddish.   
  Fragment, "? Pilgrims".October 30, 1920
  

The Survey.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
16Fragment, "? Pilgrims".October 30, 1920request_box
  

The Survey.

 
  Three Per Cent or At Ellis Island, A Play in Two Scenes. New York: General Committee of Immigrant Aid at Ellis Island.1922
  

Tragic story of immigrants being sent back because quotas are exhausted; social workers play major parts.

16Three Per Cent or At Ellis Island, A Play in Two Scenes. New York: General Committee of Immigrant Aid at Ellis Island.1922request_box
  

Tragic story of immigrants being sent back because quotas are exhausted; social workers play major parts.

 
  "The Operation of the Three Per Cent Law." Foreign-Born: A Bulletin of International Service.March 1922
16"The Operation of the Three Per Cent Law." Foreign-Born: A Bulletin of International Service.March 1922request_box
  "What is the Cable Act?"October 1922
  

Reprint from The Immigrant.

16"What is the Cable Act?"October 1922request_box
  

Reprint from The Immigrant.

 
  "America's Present Immigration Policy: The Visa and Quota Laws as they Affect the Clients of Social Agencies."1925
16"America's Present Immigration Policy: The Visa and Quota Laws as they Affect the Clients of Social Agencies."1925request_box
  "Adult Immigrant Education".September 1926
  

The Jewish Center. Also includes review of her book What Every Woman Should Know About Citizenship.

16"Adult Immigrant Education".September 1926request_box
  

The Jewish Center. Also includes review of her book What Every Woman Should Know About Citizenship.

 
  I-19, or The Council Lends a Hand, A One Act Sketch.October 1926
  

From "Foreword": "Because of the new immigration law, many men in this country who are not yet American citizens are separated from their wives and children still living abroad. During the long period of separation, the husbands sometimes become indifferent and neglectful towards their families. The Department of Immigrant Aid of the National Council of Jewish Women has received many requests from agencies abroad to locate such husbands and induce them to send maintenance to their families until they may be reunited in this country. These cases are classified in the files of the office of the Department of Immigrant Aid as 'I-19' Domestic Relations cases."

16I-19, or The Council Lends a Hand, A One Act Sketch.October 1926request_box
  

From "Foreword": "Because of the new immigration law, many men in this country who are not yet American citizens are separated from their wives and children still living abroad. During the long period of separation, the husbands sometimes become indifferent and neglectful towards their families. The Department of Immigrant Aid of the National Council of Jewish Women has received many requests from agencies abroad to locate such husbands and induce them to send maintenance to their families until they may be reunited in this country. These cases are classified in the files of the office of the Department of Immigrant Aid as 'I-19' Domestic Relations cases."

 
  What Every Woman Should Know About American Citizenship, New York: National Council for Jewish Women.1926
  In Yiddish and English.
  

Cover page signed by her. Encouraging women to become citizens, learn to read and write, vote, be "good citizens." Picture in back of a NCJW English class, with woman in sheitl in front.

16What Every Woman Should Know About American Citizenship, New York: National Council for Jewish Women.1926request_box
  

Cover page signed by her. Encouraging women to become citizens, learn to read and write, vote, be "good citizens." Picture in back of a NCJW English class, with woman in sheitl in front.

In Yiddish and English. 
 
  What Every Immigrant Must Know, NCJW.1922
  In Yiddish.
16What Every Immigrant Must Know, NCJW.1922request_box
  In Yiddish.   
17Published Works About Immigration1929-1939request_box
  

(See also item in oversized folder)

 
  "The Jew Re-Discovers America: Jewish Immigration to Latin American Countries," Jewish Social Service Quarterly.March 1929
  2 copies.
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
17"The Jew Re-Discovers America: Jewish Immigration to Latin American Countries," Jewish Social Service Quarterly.March 1929request_box
  2 copies. 
  "Oi, Mein Mann!," "a ten minute sketch describing social service at the piers."November 1929
17"Oi, Mein Mann!," "a ten minute sketch describing social service at the piers."November 1929request_box
  "Deportation of Alien Jews," The Jewish Social Service Quarterly.December 1931
17"Deportation of Alien Jews," The Jewish Social Service Quarterly.December 1931request_box
  Handicaps in Naturalization: A Study of the Effects of High Fees Upon the Naturalization of Aliens in the United States.1932
  

N.Y.: National Council on Naturalization and Citizenship.

17Handicaps in Naturalization: A Study of the Effects of High Fees Upon the Naturalization of Aliens in the United States.1932request_box
  

N.Y.: National Council on Naturalization and Citizenship.

 
  "The Problem of the German Refugees," The Reform AdvocateDecember 7, 1934
  

[Item in Oversize Folder OS1]

17"The Problem of the German Refugees," The Reform AdvocateDecember 7, 1934request_box
  

[Item in Oversize Folder OS1]

 
  "Immigration and the Alien in 1936," Better TimesJune 1, 1936
17"Immigration and the Alien in 1936," Better TimesJune 1, 1936request_box
  Manuscript of "The Stranger in Our Midst"undated
17Manuscript of "The Stranger in Our Midst"undatedrequest_box
  "The Stranger in Our Midst," Eve.February 1937
  

"The National Council of Jewish Women represents a social service organization rather than a national minority group... It's [sic] activities for more than forty years have been inspired by an eagerness to make a contribution to American life. It was this zest which caused the National Council of Jewish Women to undertake a program of service to foreign born men and women who have come to these shores to live, - a service designed to incorporate them into the American way of life."

17"The Stranger in Our Midst," Eve.February 1937request_box
  

"The National Council of Jewish Women represents a social service organization rather than a national minority group... It's [sic] activities for more than forty years have been inspired by an eagerness to make a contribution to American life. It was this zest which caused the National Council of Jewish Women to undertake a program of service to foreign born men and women who have come to these shores to live, - a service designed to incorporate them into the American way of life."

 
  Making Americans, N.Y.: National Council of Jewish Women1938
  

Inscribed on title page, "With love and kisses to my b.f. and s.c., Cel"

17Making Americans, N.Y.: National Council of Jewish Women1938request_box
  

Inscribed on title page, "With love and kisses to my b.f. and s.c., Cel"

 
  "How the Refugee Reaches This Country"December 1939
  

Social Work Today

17"How the Refugee Reaches This Country"December 1939request_box
  

Social Work Today

 

Subseries 4: Later Years, 1951-1971

English, German, and Spanish.
Box 2, Folders 1-6.
Arrangement:

Material is arranged by format and subject.

Scope and Content:

This subseries documents Razovsky's "retirement" years, which were in many ways as busy as her professional life. Razovsky used her contacts in the United HIAS, NCJW, the American Friends of Hebrew University, and the American Council for Nationalities Service, particularly when she was planning a trip to South America, to solicit possible projects. Documented here are reports and letters from her trips to Brazil in 1954, 1958 and 1963, Argentina in 1963, and Mexico in 1959. Razovsky and Davidson were also busy changing their residences; they moved to Jackson, MS in 1948; Austin, TX in 1957; El Paso, TX in 1961; and San Diego, CA in 1964. In addition, the couple owned a house in Fire Island, N.Y. that they sold in 1962. In each community, Razovsky involved herself in local immigration matters and speaking events. Included are correspondence and programs for speaking engagements she held for the United Jewish Appeal in Jackson, MS (Folder 1); Temple Beth Israel in Austin, TX (Folder 1); Austin Chapter of Hadassah (Folder 1 and 3), and the Speakers Services for the United Nations in honor of World Refugee Year (Folder 3). Also mentioned is her work for Hungarian refugees in Texas (Folder 2); reports she wrote on the immigration situation in El Paso, Texas for Cuban refugees (Folder 4 and 5); and her work planning an immigrant service for Mexican-Americans in San Diego, CA (Folder 4). Of interest is the detailed method in which Razovsky completes a project when she helps the American Friends of the Hebrew University plan a fundraising dinner in honor of the Jewish Mayor of Dublin, Robert Briscoe (Folder 1).

Razovsky's continued contacts with women involved in Liga Feminina in São Paulo, Brazil is apparent in letters she received from Luiza Klabin Lorch (Folders 1 and 2) and Susanna Frank (Folder 3). She recommended Brazilian women, one of whom was Susanna Franks, for two NCJW scholarships to bring them to the U.S. for training (Folder 2). Apparently Davidson was working on a book in 1960 about Brazil; it is unclear if his work was ever published. Razovsky also was occupied writing the manuscript "Forty Thousand Brazilians." A draft of her manuscript is included as well as her correspondence to James Rice, Executive Director of United HIAS Service and Alfred Hirschberg for their editorial comments (Folder 4). Folder 6 includes a diary of her trip to South America in 1963. Excerpts from her diary may have been used when writing her manuscript [see Box 7, Folder 5]. There are three immigration case studies Razovsky assisted with, concerning individuals from Brazil (Folders 2 and 4) and Romania (Folder 3).

Additional items consist of a letter Razovsky wrote to Hon. Alberto Gonzales Fernandez, congratulating him on his appointment to the President of Columbia's cabinet (Folder 2); a memo from Israel Jacobson, United HIAS Service, writing of the urgent need for community studies for new immigrants (Folder 1); a letter to Reader's Digest enclosing an anecdote Razovsky remembered concerning Albert Einstein (Folder 4); and a form letter Razovsky wrote to her friends after her surgery in 1965.

See also: Series VIII: United HIAS Service.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
21Correspondence1951-1957request_box
  Contains some Yiddish.   
  Letter from Katherine A. Engel, National President of NCJW to Razovsky in Jackson, MS.February 27, 1951
  

Invites Razovsky to become a member of the National Committee on Overseas Service.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
21Letter from Katherine A. Engel, National President of NCJW to Razovsky in Jackson, MS.February 27, 1951request_box
  

Invites Razovsky to become a member of the National Committee on Overseas Service.

 
  Letter from Fred S. Weissman, Executive Secretary of Selfhelp of Emigres from Central Europe to Razovsky in Jackson, MS.November 23, 1951
  

Razovsky sent them a check in memory of Clothilde Feibelmann.

21Letter from Fred S. Weissman, Executive Secretary of Selfhelp of Emigres from Central Europe to Razovsky in Jackson, MS.November 23, 1951request_box
  

Razovsky sent them a check in memory of Clothilde Feibelmann.

 
  Letter from Luiza Klabin Lorch in São Paulo, Brazil to Razovsky and Davidson.March 9, 1954 and November 10, 1954
  3 pages
  

Responding to a letter Razovsky sent to her from Israel. Most of the three page letter is written in German, an addition dated November 10, 1954.

21Letter from Luiza Klabin Lorch in São Paulo, Brazil to Razovsky and Davidson.March 9, 1954 and November 10, 1954request_box
  

Responding to a letter Razovsky sent to her from Israel. Most of the three page letter is written in German, an addition dated November 10, 1954.

3 pages
 
  "To The Overseas Committee," signed by Razovsky, Jackson, MS.August 31, 1954
  

She is unable to attend their meeting and has little information concerning Brazil. Writes of her trip to Brazil; she met many of the women she had previously worked with in 1937 and 1946. She talks of the possibility of some of the women coming to the U.S. for orientation and training.

21"To The Overseas Committee," signed by Razovsky, Jackson, MS.August 31, 1954request_box
  

She is unable to attend their meeting and has little information concerning Brazil. Writes of her trip to Brazil; she met many of the women she had previously worked with in 1937 and 1946. She talks of the possibility of some of the women coming to the U.S. for orientation and training.

 
  Letter from Jonah B. Wise, National Chairman of the United Jewish Appeal to Razovsky in Jackson, MS.May 31, 1955
  

Thanking her for her address to the United Jewish Appeal Womens' Division luncheon.

21Letter from Jonah B. Wise, National Chairman of the United Jewish Appeal to Razovsky in Jackson, MS.May 31, 1955request_box
  

Thanking her for her address to the United Jewish Appeal Womens' Division luncheon.

 
  Letter from Frederick R. Lachman, Executive Vice President of The American Friends of the Hebrew University to Razovsky in Austin, TX.January 20, 1957
  

He is very happy to hear she is willing to travel and do some work for them in Texas. Wishes to negotiate with her for her work.

21Letter from Frederick R. Lachman, Executive Vice President of The American Friends of the Hebrew University to Razovsky in Austin, TX.January 20, 1957request_box
  

He is very happy to hear she is willing to travel and do some work for them in Texas. Wishes to negotiate with her for her work.

 
  Letter from Frederick Lachman to Razovsky in Austin, TX.February 5, 1957
  

Lachman asks for her help with arranging a fund raising dinner in honor of the Jewish Mayor of Dublin, Ireland, Robert Briscoe.

21Letter from Frederick Lachman to Razovsky in Austin, TX.February 5, 1957request_box
  

Lachman asks for her help with arranging a fund raising dinner in honor of the Jewish Mayor of Dublin, Ireland, Robert Briscoe.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Lachman.February 6, 1957
  

Responds to a letter he wrote January 30th. She is able to work for him two or three days a week.

21Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Lachman.February 6, 1957request_box
  

Responds to a letter he wrote January 30th. She is able to work for him two or three days a week.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Al Goldstein, Executive Director, Jewish Community Council, Houston, Texas.February 8, 1957
  

Asks him if he can assist with the fund raising dinner for Robert Briscoe.

21Letter from Razovsky to Al Goldstein, Executive Director, Jewish Community Council, Houston, Texas.February 8, 1957request_box
  

Asks him if he can assist with the fund raising dinner for Robert Briscoe.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Lachman.February 9, 1957
  

Responds to his letter dated February 5th. Reports on the results of her efforts to find a city for his fund raising dinner.

21Letter from Razovsky to Dr. Lachman.February 9, 1957request_box
  

Responds to his letter dated February 5th. Reports on the results of her efforts to find a city for his fund raising dinner.

 
  "Report on Visit to Houston, Texas" by Razovsky.March 20, 1957
  

Houston will be the city hosting the Briscoe fund raising dinner.

21"Report on Visit to Houston, Texas" by Razovsky.March 20, 1957request_box
  

Houston will be the city hosting the Briscoe fund raising dinner.

 
  "Our Guest Speaker: Mrs. Celia Davidson. Theme: The Refugee is Always With Us."April 26, 1957
  

Program from Temple Beth Israel [Austin, TX], Sabbath Worship Services.

21"Our Guest Speaker: Mrs. Celia Davidson. Theme: The Refugee is Always With Us."April 26, 1957request_box
  

Program from Temple Beth Israel [Austin, TX], Sabbath Worship Services.

 
  Memo from Israel G. Jacobson, United HIAS Service to Razovsky.December 19, 1957
  

He writes of the urgent need for their overseas offices and International Red Cross to obtain profiles of general and Jewish communities that immigrants can resettle into.

21Memo from Israel G. Jacobson, United HIAS Service to Razovsky.December 19, 1957request_box
  

He writes of the urgent need for their overseas offices and International Red Cross to obtain profiles of general and Jewish communities that immigrants can resettle into.

 
  News clipping, unknown publication. "Hadassah to Hear Talk by Mrs. Morris Davidson."undated
  

Razovsky will speak on "Israel and the International Situation" at an Austin Chapter of Hadassah luncheon. Razovsky, a Hadassah member for 25 years, is currently a resident of Austin, TX.

21News clipping, unknown publication. "Hadassah to Hear Talk by Mrs. Morris Davidson."undatedrequest_box
  

Razovsky will speak on "Israel and the International Situation" at an Austin Chapter of Hadassah luncheon. Razovsky, a Hadassah member for 25 years, is currently a resident of Austin, TX.

 
22CorrespondenceApril 1958-May 1959request_box
  Letter from H.S. to Razovsky in Brazil. H.S. was successful in finding a job for a woman Razovsky was helping.April 1958
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
22Letter from H.S. to Razovsky in Brazil. H.S. was successful in finding a job for a woman Razovsky was helping.April 1958request_box
   Letter from Israel G. Jacobson, United HIAS Service in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Razovsky in Austin, TX.May 7, 1958
  

He sent the letter to Austin, since she mentioned she might be returning home in the first week of May. Writes of several HIAS matters.

22 Letter from Israel G. Jacobson, United HIAS Service in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Razovsky in Austin, TX.May 7, 1958request_box
  

He sent the letter to Austin, since she mentioned she might be returning home in the first week of May. Writes of several HIAS matters.

 
  Letter from Habli Adler (?) at Essex House in New York to Razovsky.June 18, 1958
  

Thanking Mrs. and Dr. Davidson for their kind letter regarding the death of Mario.

22Letter from Habli Adler (?) at Essex House in New York to Razovsky.June 18, 1958request_box
  

Thanking Mrs. and Dr. Davidson for their kind letter regarding the death of Mario.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Irving Engel, President of American Jewish Committee.July 11, 1958
  

Engel and his colleagues are planning to visit South America. She just returned from spending a year in South America and writes of the overall importance of having closer contact with Jewish communities in South America.

22Copy of letter from Razovsky to Irving Engel, President of American Jewish Committee.July 11, 1958request_box
  

Engel and his colleagues are planning to visit South America. She just returned from spending a year in South America and writes of the overall importance of having closer contact with Jewish communities in South America.

 
  Letter from Irving Engel to Razovsky in Fire Island, N.Y.July 16, 1958
  

Thanks her for her letter and confirms the importance of his mission.

22Letter from Irving Engel to Razovsky in Fire Island, N.Y.July 16, 1958request_box
  

Thanks her for her letter and confirms the importance of his mission.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Hon. Alberto Gonzales Fernandez, Secretary General to the President, Bogota, Columbia.August 21, 1958
  

Congratulates him on his appointment to the President's cabinet.

22Letter from Razovsky to Hon. Alberto Gonzales Fernandez, Secretary General to the President, Bogota, Columbia.August 21, 1958request_box
  

Congratulates him on his appointment to the President's cabinet.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Hortense Goldstone, Head Department of Overseas Service, NCJW.October 5, 1958 and September 30, 1958
  

Responds to Goldstone's letter of September 30th. Emphasizes that Brazil should receive "first consideration" for council scholarships. Razovsky recommends two women from Brazil.

22Letter from Razovsky to Hortense Goldstone, Head Department of Overseas Service, NCJW.October 5, 1958 and September 30, 1958request_box
  

Responds to Goldstone's letter of September 30th. Emphasizes that Brazil should receive "first consideration" for council scholarships. Razovsky recommends two women from Brazil.

 
  Letter from Ann Rabinowitz, United HIAS Service to Razovsky, Fire Island, N.Y.October 13, 1958
  

Regarding Maria Insarova who wishes to immigrate to the US from Brazil.

22Letter from Ann Rabinowitz, United HIAS Service to Razovsky, Fire Island, N.Y.October 13, 1958request_box
  

Regarding Maria Insarova who wishes to immigrate to the US from Brazil.

 
  Letter from William Males, United HIAS Service to Razovsky, Fire Island, N.Y.October 20, 1958
  

Regarding Maria Insarova's case.

22Letter from William Males, United HIAS Service to Razovsky, Fire Island, N.Y.October 20, 1958request_box
  

Regarding Maria Insarova's case.

 
  Letter from Maria Insarova to Razovsky.October 28, 1958
  

She requires an affidavit to come to the U.S.

22Letter from Maria Insarova to Razovsky.October 28, 1958request_box
  

She requires an affidavit to come to the U.S.

 
  Letter from William Males to Razovsky, Austin, TX.November 17, 1958
  

Regrets that United HIAS can be of no assistance in Insarova's case.

22Letter from William Males to Razovsky, Austin, TX.November 17, 1958request_box
  

Regrets that United HIAS can be of no assistance in Insarova's case.

 
  Copies of two work references for Mrs. Insarova.April 25, 1943 and November 8, 1947
22Copies of two work references for Mrs. Insarova.April 25, 1943 and November 8, 1947request_box
  Letter from Hortense U. Goldstone, Head Department of Overseas Service NCJW to Razovsky in Austin, TX.November 3, 1958
  

Thanks Razovsky for her recommendation, and informs her Mrs. Frank has been offered a fellowship. Mentions that the NCJW Austin Chapter has disbanded.

22Letter from Hortense U. Goldstone, Head Department of Overseas Service NCJW to Razovsky in Austin, TX.November 3, 1958request_box
  

Thanks Razovsky for her recommendation, and informs her Mrs. Frank has been offered a fellowship. Mentions that the NCJW Austin Chapter has disbanded.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Morton Friedman, Personnel Officer, United HIAS Service. Thanking him for the reimbursement check for her expenses in returning to Austin.November 18, 1958
22Copy of letter from Razovsky to Morton Friedman, Personnel Officer, United HIAS Service. Thanking him for the reimbursement check for her expenses in returning to Austin.November 18, 1958request_box
  Letter from Edward B. Marks, Executive Director of United States Committee for Refugees to Razovsky, Austin, TX.January 7, 1959
  

Thanks her for her December 24th note, and will try to locate for her an article concerning Hungarian refugees in Texas.

22Letter from Edward B. Marks, Executive Director of United States Committee for Refugees to Razovsky, Austin, TX.January 7, 1959request_box
  

Thanks her for her December 24th note, and will try to locate for her an article concerning Hungarian refugees in Texas.

 
  Letter from Ruth Hutton Fred, Executive Director Jewish Family Service, Houston, TX to Razovsky in Austin, TX.January 8, 1959
  

Writes concerning the Hungarian refugees. Attached is a copy of an article "Going Rough for Hungary Refugees."

22Letter from Ruth Hutton Fred, Executive Director Jewish Family Service, Houston, TX to Razovsky in Austin, TX.January 8, 1959request_box
  

Writes concerning the Hungarian refugees. Attached is a copy of an article "Going Rough for Hungary Refugees."

 
  Letter from James P. Rice, Executive Director United HIAS Service to Razovsky in Austin, TX.February 12, 1959
  

He writes they have no important role currently in regards to Roumanian immigration. HIAS is having a slower year and will not be adding personnel in the near future.

22Letter from James P. Rice, Executive Director United HIAS Service to Razovsky in Austin, TX.February 12, 1959request_box
  

He writes they have no important role currently in regards to Roumanian immigration. HIAS is having a slower year and will not be adding personnel in the near future.

 
  Letter from Luiza Klabin Lorch in São Paulo, Brazil to Razovsky and Davidson.May 26, 1959
  

Gives a report on the Lorch family.

22Letter from Luiza Klabin Lorch in São Paulo, Brazil to Razovsky and Davidson.May 26, 1959request_box
  

Gives a report on the Lorch family.

 
23Correspondence1959-1960request_box
  Contains some Spanish.   
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Israel G. Jacobson, United HIAS Service in Rio de Janeiro.September 10, 1959
  

For his information, she will be speaking for the Speakers Services United Nations for World Refugee Year.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
23Copy of letter from Razovsky to Israel G. Jacobson, United HIAS Service in Rio de Janeiro.September 10, 1959request_box
  

For his information, she will be speaking for the Speakers Services United Nations for World Refugee Year.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky in Austin, TX to Israel Jacobson.September 12, 1959
  

They returned three weeks ago to Austin, and includes their profile on Mexico. Razovsky plans to take courses at the University of Texas until January, when they will go to Venezuela (their first visit) for an Ophtalmology Conference.

23Copy of letter from Razovsky in Austin, TX to Israel Jacobson.September 12, 1959request_box
  

They returned three weeks ago to Austin, and includes their profile on Mexico. Razovsky plans to take courses at the University of Texas until January, when they will go to Venezuela (their first visit) for an Ophtalmology Conference.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Henry Friedman, United HIAS Service.September 19, 1959
  

She encloses a bill of her expenses incurred in Mexico City.

23Copy of letter from Razovsky to Henry Friedman, United HIAS Service.September 19, 1959request_box
  

She encloses a bill of her expenses incurred in Mexico City.

 
  Flyer: "Hadassah Brings You a Special Treat! A Review of the Fascinating New Book "Ben Gurion" by Robert St. John, Reviewed by Dr. Morris Davidson," [Austin, TX].November 14, 1959
23Flyer: "Hadassah Brings You a Special Treat! A Review of the Fascinating New Book "Ben Gurion" by Robert St. John, Reviewed by Dr. Morris Davidson," [Austin, TX].November 14, 1959request_box
  Letter from Chaim Lazdeiski Comite Central Israelita de Mexico to Dr. Davidson in Austin, TX.December 3, 1959
  In Spanish.
23Letter from Chaim Lazdeiski Comite Central Israelita de Mexico to Dr. Davidson in Austin, TX.December 3, 1959request_box
  In Spanish.   
  Letter from Antonia Robinson, President of the International Council of Jewish Women in Canada to Razovsky in Austin, TX.December 19, 1959
  

Thanking Razovsky for her offer of help in Venezuela.

23Letter from Antonia Robinson, President of the International Council of Jewish Women in Canada to Razovsky in Austin, TX.December 19, 1959request_box
  

Thanking Razovsky for her offer of help in Venezuela.

 
  Letter from Clara V. Friedman, United HIAS Service to Razovsky in Austin TX.September 4, 1959 and March 16, 1960
  

Replying to her letter to Ann Rabinowitz concerning the Zoltan Strohli case. Attached are a series of letters dating from September 4, 1959 concerning the Strohli case. Mr. Strohli from Rumania wishes to obtain visas for him and his family to immigrate to Israel. Margarita Zimmerman, Strohli's Aunt living in Mexico, is concerned for him.

23Letter from Clara V. Friedman, United HIAS Service to Razovsky in Austin TX.September 4, 1959 and March 16, 1960request_box
  

Replying to her letter to Ann Rabinowitz concerning the Zoltan Strohli case. Attached are a series of letters dating from September 4, 1959 concerning the Strohli case. Mr. Strohli from Rumania wishes to obtain visas for him and his family to immigrate to Israel. Margarita Zimmerman, Strohli's Aunt living in Mexico, is concerned for him.

 
  Letter from Israel G. Jacobson, United HIAS Service in Rio de Janeiro to Razovsky and Davidson in Austin, TX.May 27, 1960
  

A West coast regional office was recently opened. Additional general news.

23Letter from Israel G. Jacobson, United HIAS Service in Rio de Janeiro to Razovsky and Davidson in Austin, TX.May 27, 1960request_box
  

A West coast regional office was recently opened. Additional general news.

 
  Flyer: "Austin Committee for Refugees"May 29, 1960
  

Razovsky is Secretary. Channel 7 will present a film "Call from the Stars." Appeals for help with admitting refugees to U.S.

23Flyer: "Austin Committee for Refugees"May 29, 1960request_box
  

Razovsky is Secretary. Channel 7 will present a film "Call from the Stars." Appeals for help with admitting refugees to U.S.

 
  Letter from Susanna Frank in Brazil to Razovsky and Davidson.September 20, 1960
  

Writes of Razovsky's possibility of returning to Brazil, and recent Liga Feminina news.

23Letter from Susanna Frank in Brazil to Razovsky and Davidson.September 20, 1960request_box
  

Writes of Razovsky's possibility of returning to Brazil, and recent Liga Feminina news.

 
  Letter from Israel G. Jacobson to Razovsky, Fire Island, N.Y.November 8, 1960
  

Morris Davidson has almost completed his book on Brazil, and additional generalities.

23Letter from Israel G. Jacobson to Razovsky, Fire Island, N.Y.November 8, 1960request_box
  

Morris Davidson has almost completed his book on Brazil, and additional generalities.

 
  Letter from Leo, United HIAS Service in São Paulo, Brazil to Razovsky.November 12, 1960
  

Speaks of recent HIAS Brazil news, as well as the high cost of living.

23Letter from Leo, United HIAS Service in São Paulo, Brazil to Razovsky.November 12, 1960request_box
  

Speaks of recent HIAS Brazil news, as well as the high cost of living.

 
  Letter from Antonia Robinson, President of the International Council of Jewish Women in Canada to Razovsky in New York, N.Y.December 7, 1960
  

Thanks Razovsky for her offer of help on her upcoming visit to São Paulo, Brazil.

23Letter from Antonia Robinson, President of the International Council of Jewish Women in Canada to Razovsky in New York, N.Y.December 7, 1960request_box
  

Thanks Razovsky for her offer of help on her upcoming visit to São Paulo, Brazil.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Antonia Robinson.December 11, 1960
  

Their principal reason for visiting Brazil is to help with Dr. Davidson's book. Includes a resume of her past activities in Brazil.

23Copy of letter from Razovsky to Antonia Robinson.December 11, 1960request_box
  

Their principal reason for visiting Brazil is to help with Dr. Davidson's book. Includes a resume of her past activities in Brazil.

 
  "Final Summary: From Pakistan to Paris," not signed.1960
  

Reports on women's conditions in Pakistan, Lebanon, Iran, Israel, and Athens, Greece.

23"Final Summary: From Pakistan to Paris," not signed.1960request_box
  

Reports on women's conditions in Pakistan, Lebanon, Iran, Israel, and Athens, Greece.

 
24Correspondenceundated, 1961-1965, 1967-1971request_box
  Copy of letter and report from Razovsky to Read Lewis, Executive Director of American Council for Nationalities Service.October 25, 1961
  

Part one of two of her report on El Paso, Texas, concentrating on the international aspects and immigration situation there. [See Box 2, Folder 5, Items 2 and 3.]

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
24Copy of letter and report from Razovsky to Read Lewis, Executive Director of American Council for Nationalities Service.October 25, 1961request_box
  

Part one of two of her report on El Paso, Texas, concentrating on the international aspects and immigration situation there. [See Box 2, Folder 5, Items 2 and 3.]

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Shirley Bird, Program Supervisor, University of Texas.November 28, 1961
  

Razovsky requests the University to schedule a one-day Institute on world refugee problems. Razovsky and her husband have just moved to El Paso, Texas. Attached is correspondence between Razovsky and Edward B. Marks, Executive Director of the United States Committee for Refugees, and correspondence from Otto W. Gobius, United National High Commissioner for Refugees and Shirley Bird, concerning scheduling a program. Razovsky writes that she is currently a volunteer for the Jewish Community Council in El Paso, managing their case work and writing for their monthly Bulletin.

24Copy of letter from Razovsky to Shirley Bird, Program Supervisor, University of Texas.November 28, 1961request_box
  

Razovsky requests the University to schedule a one-day Institute on world refugee problems. Razovsky and her husband have just moved to El Paso, Texas. Attached is correspondence between Razovsky and Edward B. Marks, Executive Director of the United States Committee for Refugees, and correspondence from Otto W. Gobius, United National High Commissioner for Refugees and Shirley Bird, concerning scheduling a program. Razovsky writes that she is currently a volunteer for the Jewish Community Council in El Paso, managing their case work and writing for their monthly Bulletin.

 
  Letter from Edward B. Marks, Executive Director of the United States Committee for Refugees to Razovsky and Davidson.January 10, 1962
  

Outlines the programs for 1962.

24Letter from Edward B. Marks, Executive Director of the United States Committee for Refugees to Razovsky and Davidson.January 10, 1962request_box
  

Outlines the programs for 1962.

 
  Letter from Hanny Cohrsen, Assistant to Director of the American Council for Nationalities Service to Razovsky.February 20, 1962
  

Wishes to know where to deliver her mail.

24Letter from Hanny Cohrsen, Assistant to Director of the American Council for Nationalities Service to Razovsky.February 20, 1962request_box
  

Wishes to know where to deliver her mail.

 
  Letter from Hannah Stein, Executive Director NJCW to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.May 28, 1962
  

Writing to say hello and to point out a family connection.

24Letter from Hannah Stein, Executive Director NJCW to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.May 28, 1962request_box
  

Writing to say hello and to point out a family connection.

 
  Letter from Jean R. Lange, Community Coordinator KLRN-Channel 9 (San Antonio College) to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.August 1, 1962
  

She is planning to do a series of interviews with women from other countries and asks if Razovsky knows of any Cuban refugees she could interview.

24Letter from Jean R. Lange, Community Coordinator KLRN-Channel 9 (San Antonio College) to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.August 1, 1962request_box
  

She is planning to do a series of interviews with women from other countries and asks if Razovsky knows of any Cuban refugees she could interview.

 
  Letter from Ruth J. Murphy, Executive Vice-President of the American Immigration and Citizenship Conference to Razovsky.September 12, 1962
  

Writes of a pamphlet she enclosed. Also writes "... You have always been a source of real inspiration to me and I have never forgotten at any time the kind of stamina and courage and vision that you showed during the years when your responsibilities were so heavy."

24Letter from Ruth J. Murphy, Executive Vice-President of the American Immigration and Citizenship Conference to Razovsky.September 12, 1962request_box
  

Writes of a pamphlet she enclosed. Also writes "... You have always been a source of real inspiration to me and I have never forgotten at any time the kind of stamina and courage and vision that you showed during the years when your responsibilities were so heavy."

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to United States Committee for Refugees.October 29, 1962
24Copy of letter from Razovsky to United States Committee for Refugees.October 29, 1962request_box
  Letter from Ben E. Wilbur, Field Representative Of the United States Committee for Refugees to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.February 13, 1963
  

Thanks her for her willingness to help promote the "All Star Festival" recording.

24Letter from Ben E. Wilbur, Field Representative Of the United States Committee for Refugees to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.February 13, 1963request_box
  

Thanks her for her willingness to help promote the "All Star Festival" recording.

 
  Luther H. Evans, Chairman of United States Committee for Refugees to Razovsky.May 9, 1963
  

An invitation to the annual meeting and an appeal for financial assistance.

24Luther H. Evans, Chairman of United States Committee for Refugees to Razovsky.May 9, 1963request_box
  

An invitation to the annual meeting and an appeal for financial assistance.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky and Davidson in São Paulo, Brazil to Read Lewis, Executive Director of American Council for Nationalities Service and Bill.June 21, 1963
  

Her second report concerning Argentina and Brazil.

24Copy of letter from Razovsky and Davidson in São Paulo, Brazil to Read Lewis, Executive Director of American Council for Nationalities Service and Bill.June 21, 1963request_box
  

Her second report concerning Argentina and Brazil.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Molly Shapiro of Pioneers in El Paso, TX.July 1, 1963
  

Razovsky asks for Shapiro's assistance with the case of Marcus Blanche, who needs surgery.

24Copy of letter from Razovsky in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Molly Shapiro of Pioneers in El Paso, TX.July 1, 1963request_box
  

Razovsky asks for Shapiro's assistance with the case of Marcus Blanche, who needs surgery.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky in San Diego, CA to James Rice, Executive Director of United HIAS Service, New York.April 26, 1964
  

Asks Rice for some administrative favors. Asks him also where she can publish "Forty Thousand New Brazilians."

24Copy of letter from Razovsky in San Diego, CA to James Rice, Executive Director of United HIAS Service, New York.April 26, 1964request_box
  

Asks Rice for some administrative favors. Asks him also where she can publish "Forty Thousand New Brazilians."

 
  "Forty Thousand New Brazilians," by Razovsky on San Diego, CA.May 1964
  26 page manuscript
  

Records the progress of Jewish communities in Brazil since the migration began after World War I and II and the European revolutions.

24"Forty Thousand New Brazilians," by Razovsky on San Diego, CA.May 1964request_box
  

Records the progress of Jewish communities in Brazil since the migration began after World War I and II and the European revolutions.

26 page manuscript
 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky in Dallas, TX to James Rice.July 18, 1964
  

Asks if she he has received her manuscript.

24Copy of letter from Razovsky in Dallas, TX to James Rice.July 18, 1964request_box
  

Asks if she he has received her manuscript.

 
  Letter from Moses A. Leavitt, The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky in Los Angeles, CA.July 14, 1964
  

Suggests possible publishing venues for her manuscript.

24Letter from Moses A. Leavitt, The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky in Los Angeles, CA.July 14, 1964request_box
  

Suggests possible publishing venues for her manuscript.

 
  Letter from James P. Rice, Executive Director of United HIAS Service, New York to Razovsky in Dallas, TX.September 25, 1964
  

Suggests some changes in her manuscript.

24Letter from James P. Rice, Executive Director of United HIAS Service, New York to Razovsky in Dallas, TX.September 25, 1964request_box
  

Suggests some changes in her manuscript.

 
  Letter from Alfred Hirschberg to Razovsky in Dallas, TX.November 30, 1964
  

Suggests several changes to her manuscript. Attached is her response.

24Letter from Alfred Hirschberg to Razovsky in Dallas, TX.November 30, 1964request_box
  

Suggests several changes to her manuscript. Attached is her response.

 
  Letter from Hannah Stein, Executive Director of the NCJW to Razovsky and Davidson in San Diego, CA.February 4, 1965
  

Updates Razovsky on NCJW staff news.

24Letter from Hannah Stein, Executive Director of the NCJW to Razovsky and Davidson in San Diego, CA.February 4, 1965request_box
  

Updates Razovsky on NCJW staff news.

 
  Copy of form letter from Razovsky in San Diego, CA to "my very dear friends."June 22, 1965
  

Thanks her friends for their good wishes during her surgery. She is planning to write an autobiography of her immigrant and refugee work. "Neither Morris nor I are retiring, but are continuing our activities as heretofore."

24Copy of form letter from Razovsky in San Diego, CA to "my very dear friends."June 22, 1965request_box
  

Thanks her friends for their good wishes during her surgery. She is planning to write an autobiography of her immigrant and refugee work. "Neither Morris nor I are retiring, but are continuing our activities as heretofore."

 
  Copy of a letter from Razovsky in San Diego, CA to the Editor of Life in These United States, Reader's Digest.July 17, 1965
  

Enclosed is a short story concerning Albert Einstein.

24Copy of a letter from Razovsky in San Diego, CA to the Editor of Life in These United States, Reader's Digest.July 17, 1965request_box
  

Enclosed is a short story concerning Albert Einstein.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky in San Diego, CA to Read Lewis, Executive Director of American Council for Nationalities Service.January 18, 1967
  

Razovsky is Chair of an International Committee for Social work on behalf of the San Diego branch of the National Association of Social Work. She asks for his help in opening an agency in San Diego to assist Mexican-Americans. She also asks for a copy of an article she cannot obtain.

24Copy of letter from Razovsky in San Diego, CA to Read Lewis, Executive Director of American Council for Nationalities Service.January 18, 1967request_box
  

Razovsky is Chair of an International Committee for Social work on behalf of the San Diego branch of the National Association of Social Work. She asks for his help in opening an agency in San Diego to assist Mexican-Americans. She also asks for a copy of an article she cannot obtain.

 
  Letter from Florence Boester, Executive Director of International Institute of Los Angeles to Razovsky in San Diego, CA.January 25, 1967
  

Boester responds to Razovsky's phone call to her concerning the plans for an immigrant service to help Mexican-Americans in San Diego. Attached is Read Lewis' letter to Florence Boester, introducing Razovsky.

24Letter from Florence Boester, Executive Director of International Institute of Los Angeles to Razovsky in San Diego, CA.January 25, 1967request_box
  

Boester responds to Razovsky's phone call to her concerning the plans for an immigrant service to help Mexican-Americans in San Diego. Attached is Read Lewis' letter to Florence Boester, introducing Razovsky.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Florence Boester.January 24, 1967
  

Razovsky invites Boester to an IMPACT meeting. IMPACT is an organization interested in helping Mexican-Americans.

24Copy of letter from Razovsky to Florence Boester.January 24, 1967request_box
  

Razovsky invites Boester to an IMPACT meeting. IMPACT is an organization interested in helping Mexican-Americans.

 
  Letter from Read Lewis to Razovsky in San Diego, CA. He wishes for Robert Goldfarb, Executive Director of the American Council for Nationalities Service, to meet her.March 17, 1967
24Letter from Read Lewis to Razovsky in San Diego, CA. He wishes for Robert Goldfarb, Executive Director of the American Council for Nationalities Service, to meet her.March 17, 1967request_box
  News clipping, Southwest Jewish Press. Razovsky's obituaryOctober 31, 1968
  

Writes of Razovsky's passing.

24News clipping, Southwest Jewish Press. Razovsky's obituaryOctober 31, 1968request_box
  

Writes of Razovsky's passing.

 
  Letter from Rabbi Perry E. Nussbaum, Beth Israel Congregation, Jackson, MS to Dr. Davidson.November 17, 1968
  

Writes of Razovsky's passing.

24Letter from Rabbi Perry E. Nussbaum, Beth Israel Congregation, Jackson, MS to Dr. Davidson.November 17, 1968request_box
  

Writes of Razovsky's passing.

 
  Letter from Jeannette to Dr. Davidson.June 8, 1971
  

Page two of the letter; her husband Ralph wishes to write an article on Razovsky.

24Letter from Jeannette to Dr. Davidson.June 8, 1971request_box
  

Page two of the letter; her husband Ralph wishes to write an article on Razovsky.

 
  "Brasilien."undated
  
Arrangement:

List by subject area of names.

24"Brasilien."undatedrequest_box
25Survey of El Paso, Texas and Related Correspondence1961-1962request_box
  Letter from Read Lewis, Executive Director of the American Council for Nationalities Service to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.October 20, 1961
  

Inquires after a survey of El Paso she is writing.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
25Letter from Read Lewis, Executive Director of the American Council for Nationalities Service to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.October 20, 1961request_box
  

Inquires after a survey of El Paso she is writing.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.November 1, 1961
  

Enclosed is her second report on El Paso, TX that concentrates on its community resources. [See Box 2, Folder 4, Item 1.]

25Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.November 1, 1961request_box
  

Enclosed is her second report on El Paso, TX that concentrates on its community resources. [See Box 2, Folder 4, Item 1.]

 
  "El Paso-The International City," by Razovsky.October and November 1961
  

Includes both parts of her report. "How Do You Like El Paso?" a three page article concludes. [See Box 2, Folder 4, Item 1.]

25"El Paso-The International City," by Razovsky.October and November 1961request_box
  

Includes both parts of her report. "How Do You Like El Paso?" a three page article concludes. [See Box 2, Folder 4, Item 1.]

 
  Handwritten notes.undated
25Handwritten notes.undatedrequest_box
  Copy of two letters from Razovsky to Read Lewis.December 28 and 29, 1961
  

She is excited about the possibilities of opening an International Institute in El Paso.

25Copy of two letters from Razovsky to Read Lewis.December 28 and 29, 1961request_box
  

She is excited about the possibilities of opening an International Institute in El Paso.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.March 27, 1962
  

She is very busy with her volunteer work as Associate Director of the Social Service Department of the Jewish Community Council. She asks his permission to use her report on El Paso for an article she is preparing.

25Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.March 27, 1962request_box
  

She is very busy with her volunteer work as Associate Director of the Social Service Department of the Jewish Community Council. She asks his permission to use her report on El Paso for an article she is preparing.

 
  Letter from Read Lewis to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.March 28, 1962
  

He gives his permission for her to use her El Paso report, and writes about the need for an International Institute there.

25Letter from Read Lewis to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.March 28, 1962request_box
  

He gives his permission for her to use her El Paso report, and writes about the need for an International Institute there.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.April 11, 1962
  

She talks of her work in trying to open an International Institute in El Paso, TX.

25Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.April 11, 1962request_box
  

She talks of her work in trying to open an International Institute in El Paso, TX.

 
  Letter from Read Lewis to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.April 19, 1962
  

Further discussions regarding the opening of an International Institute in El Paso, TX.

25Letter from Read Lewis to Razovsky in El Paso, TX.April 19, 1962request_box
  

Further discussions regarding the opening of an International Institute in El Paso, TX.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.May 3, 1962
  

The International Institute plans are progressing slowly.

25Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.May 3, 1962request_box
  

The International Institute plans are progressing slowly.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.July 10, 1962
  

They formed an El Paso Committee for Cuban Refugees, she was Chairman. Immigration authorities are sending refugees to Brownsville and Houston, not El Paso.

25Copy of letter from Razovsky to Read Lewis.July 10, 1962request_box
  

They formed an El Paso Committee for Cuban Refugees, she was Chairman. Immigration authorities are sending refugees to Brownsville and Houston, not El Paso.

 
  Letter from Kenneth Osman, Executive Director of the United Fund of El Paso and El Paso County to Razovsky.July 12, 1962
  

He has not been able yet to follow up on his previous discussions concerning the International Institute; he will talk with Mr. Roderick and let her know.

25Letter from Kenneth Osman, Executive Director of the United Fund of El Paso and El Paso County to Razovsky.July 12, 1962request_box
  

He has not been able yet to follow up on his previous discussions concerning the International Institute; he will talk with Mr. Roderick and let her know.

 
26Diary of Trip to South America1963request_box
  Contains some Spanish.   
  Diary of trip to South America, "Forty Thousand New Brazilians"1963
  14 typed pages.
  

Red vinyl book, engraved "C. Razovsky". A few loose pages of notes in front. Diary entries begin for real on page labeled May 29, 1942, but the actual date of her entry was May 4, 1963, goes to January 1966. Handwritten diary. "Forty Thousand New Brazilians". Her impressions of the development of the Jewish communities in Brazil, as observed on trips in 1937, 1946-1947, 1954, 1957-1958, 1963. Typed pages #7-18 of a journal [excerpts from her diary?] [See Box 7, Folder 5.]

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
26Diary of trip to South America, "Forty Thousand New Brazilians"1963request_box
  

Red vinyl book, engraved "C. Razovsky". A few loose pages of notes in front. Diary entries begin for real on page labeled May 29, 1942, but the actual date of her entry was May 4, 1963, goes to January 1966. Handwritten diary. "Forty Thousand New Brazilians". Her impressions of the development of the Jewish communities in Brazil, as observed on trips in 1937, 1946-1947, 1954, 1957-1958, 1963. Typed pages #7-18 of a journal [excerpts from her diary?] [See Box 7, Folder 5.]

14 typed pages.
 
Return to the Top of Page
 

Series II: National Council of Jewish Women, 1924, 1927-1937, 1939

English, German, and Russian.
Box 2, Folders 7 and 8.
Arrangement:

Folders arranged by subject.

Scope and Content:

This series contains correspondence, case notes, reports, press releases, a transcript of a radio broadcast and an address, and legal forms that Razovsky collected from her work at the NCJW. Additional material is available in Box 1, Folder 1.

Box 2, Folder 7 consists of documents surrounding the Katznelson family case. Mrs. Katznelson, who lived in Cuba, contacted the NCJW to help her collect worker's compensation insurance upon the death of her husband, who died in a work related accident in New York. Razovsky agreed to act as guardian for the Katznelson's two children, allowing the children to keep the money in trust until they reached 21 years of age.

Box 2, Folder 8 focuses on the situation that arose in Nazi Germany. Among the documents are protests by non-Jews, consisting of a copy of a resolution adopted in June 1933 by the National Conference of Social Work in Detroit, letters dated September 1933 from Rosa Manus (Dutch feminist) to Carrie Chapman Catt (suffragist and founder of the Protest Committee of non-Jewish Women Against the Persecution of Jews in Germany), and a letter dated October 1933 from Monsignor Keegan, Secretary for Charities to the Archbishop of New York to Razovsky concerning a recent meeting of the Conference of Catholic Charities.

The remaining items in Folder 8 demonstrate Razovsky and NCJW's importance to German refugee relief. Reports written by Razovsky include "Field Service Committee Report on German Jewish Situation," dated October 9, 1933, that describes NCJW's role in assisting German Jewry and NCJW's collaboration with Jewish and non-Jewish agencies. The report mentions the formation of a Joint Clearing Bureau. In January 1934 Razovsky recommended an outline for an Emergency Joint Bureau, a precursor to the National Coordinating Committee. Razovsky addressed Mrs. Arthur Brin, President of NCJW with a plea to "begin to work at once" and "the life and faith of human beings are at stake" in a cover letter dated April 26, 1935. Enclosed is a report from the Triennial Convention in New Orleans, titled "Project for Adult German-Jewish Refugees [and] German-Jewish Children." Mentioned within the report is the transplanting of families, scholarships for retraining, homes for children, and a milk fund for Paris refugee children. Razovsky reports on NCJW services to the Board of Directors in November 20-22, 1935, specifically in the areas of dock service, Ellis Island assistance, follow up aid, deportation, international service, National Coordinating Committee, German-Jewish Children's Aid, and legislation. A report by the Chair of German Refugee Projects, Hilda A. Wolff, in December 23, 1937 includes short histories of nineteen urgent scholarship cases.

The issue of deportation is further touched upon with a letter duplicated to Razovsky from D.W. MacCormack, U.S. Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization. Dated May 19, 1936, the letter is a response to Heywood Broun from the New York Telegram's attack against the Kerr-Coolidge bill. MacCormack defends deportation regulation citing "the law in so far as it deals with aliens of good character was absolutely inflexible." MacCormack further addressed the National Conference on Social Work in May 26, 1936, contemplating "What Would Happen If All Aliens Were Deported?" An untitled, unauthored report dated December 14, 1936 delineates the issue of hardship cases and deportations and the need for discretion.

Razovsky and NCJW worked to stimulate public interest in the German refugee situation. Razovsky gave an NBC radio broadcast on July 9, 1934 titled "The United States and the German Refugees." NCJW issued a press release "Saar Plebiscite to Increase Number of Refugees, Aid Committee Head Says," on November 27, 1934. An announcement of Razovsky's address at a meeting of the Jewish Forum Association, titled "The Migration of Jews From Germany" appeared in October 1937.

Praise for Razovsky is apparent in correspondence from various sources. MJK (possibly Max J. Kohler) describes Razovsky and the NCJW as "a very important factor" in German Jewish immigrant relief and details Razovsky's committee appointments in a letter written to Eugene S. Benjamin of the Baron de Hirsch Fund, dated December 12, 1933. Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor, writes on behalf of Col. Daniel MacCormack, thanking Razovsky for her work in the Ellis Island Committee, dated July 24, 1934. The most telling appreciation for Razovsky is evident in a letter from Blanche Goldman, Chair of the Executive Committee of NCJW on October 23, 1936. Ms. Goldman writes, "as you recall, you were loaned to the National Coordinating Committee and we would like to know when we may count on your return."

See also: Series I: Personal, Box 1, Folder 1 Early Years; Series I: Personal, Box 1, Folder 2 Biographical Sketches and Resumes; and Series I: Subseries 3: Written Works.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
27Involvement in Katznelson Family Case1924, 1927-1932, 1939request_box
  Involvement in Katznelson Family Case.1924, 1927-1932, 1939
  

Sara Katznelson, a woman in Cuba in July 1927, is trying to get insurance for the death of her husband, contacted New York Section of NCJW. Has a cousin in New York, Morris Nelson. Katznelson arrives in N.Y., December 1927, Razovsky as a representative of NCJW becomes the guardian for her children because she is a transient and cannot speak English. She returned to Cuba February 1928, after collecting about $9000 in insurance and Workmen's Compensation. January 1932, she and two children move permanently to N.Y. The children receive their money when they reach 21, and Razovsky is released from guardianship. The NCJW got involved because Sara K. was suspicious of her cousin Morris, and thought he would try to take the money from them.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
27Involvement in Katznelson Family Case.1924, 1927-1932, 1939request_box
  

Sara Katznelson, a woman in Cuba in July 1927, is trying to get insurance for the death of her husband, contacted New York Section of NCJW. Has a cousin in New York, Morris Nelson. Katznelson arrives in N.Y., December 1927, Razovsky as a representative of NCJW becomes the guardian for her children because she is a transient and cannot speak English. She returned to Cuba February 1928, after collecting about $9000 in insurance and Workmen's Compensation. January 1932, she and two children move permanently to N.Y. The children receive their money when they reach 21, and Razovsky is released from guardianship. The NCJW got involved because Sara K. was suspicious of her cousin Morris, and thought he would try to take the money from them.

 
28Refugee Relief Work - USA1932-1937request_box
  Contains some German and Russian.   
  Letter in German from Fritz Woltmann to Dr. Wurzmann.July 6, 1932
  

About Woltmann meeting Razovsky.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
28Letter in German from Fritz Woltmann to Dr. Wurzmann.July 6, 1932request_box
  

About Woltmann meeting Razovsky.

 
  "Resolution Adopted at a Mass Meeting Held by Social Workers at the National Conference of Social Work in Detroit".June 16, 1933
  

Express their shock at the persecution of Jews in Germany. "We wholeheartedly endorse the protest of more than 1200 Christian Ministers who have recently expressed their sense of outrage and indignation."

28"Resolution Adopted at a Mass Meeting Held by Social Workers at the National Conference of Social Work in Detroit".June 16, 1933request_box
  

Express their shock at the persecution of Jews in Germany. "We wholeheartedly endorse the protest of more than 1200 Christian Ministers who have recently expressed their sense of outrage and indignation."

 
  Postcard in Russian to Razovsky.August 31, 1933
28Postcard in Russian to Razovsky.August 31, 1933request_box
  Copy of a letter from Rosa Manus, Amsterdam, to Carrie Chapman Catt (suffragist).September 15, 1933
  

About the condition of Jews in Germany and Holland (getting progressively worse; she relates some incidents). She has connections with German suffragists.

28Copy of a letter from Rosa Manus, Amsterdam, to Carrie Chapman Catt (suffragist).September 15, 1933request_box
  

About the condition of Jews in Germany and Holland (getting progressively worse; she relates some incidents). She has connections with German suffragists.

 
  Copy of a letter from Rosa Manus, Amsterdam, to Carrie Chapman Catt.September 22, 1933
  

She's organizing a clubhouse for refugees - the municipality of Amsterdam donated the building

28Copy of a letter from Rosa Manus, Amsterdam, to Carrie Chapman Catt.September 22, 1933request_box
  

She's organizing a clubhouse for refugees - the municipality of Amsterdam donated the building

 
  "Field Service Committee [of NCJW] Report on German Jewish Situation," written by Razovsky.October 9, 1933
  

Contribution of the NCJW to the German Jewish problems with which American agencies were concerned: 1) collaboration with other national Jewish agencies in the proposal of immigration legislation, passport regulation, etc; 2) individual and personal service, including preparing documents, meeting new arrivals, etc. Collaboration with Jewish national agencies: HIAS and NCJW; Razovsky is the secretary of the Joint Clearing Bureau, a clearing committee of the Joint Distribution Committee (refers people to the proper agencies). Collaboration with non-Jewish agencies: with International Committee for Securing Employment for Refugee Professional Workers (Carrie Chapman Catt is a member of this committee); national organizations for social workers. Individual service: providing stays of deportations, etc., for people who come to them as a last resort.

28"Field Service Committee [of NCJW] Report on German Jewish Situation," written by Razovsky.October 9, 1933request_box
  

Contribution of the NCJW to the German Jewish problems with which American agencies were concerned: 1) collaboration with other national Jewish agencies in the proposal of immigration legislation, passport regulation, etc; 2) individual and personal service, including preparing documents, meeting new arrivals, etc. Collaboration with Jewish national agencies: HIAS and NCJW; Razovsky is the secretary of the Joint Clearing Bureau, a clearing committee of the Joint Distribution Committee (refers people to the proper agencies). Collaboration with non-Jewish agencies: with International Committee for Securing Employment for Refugee Professional Workers (Carrie Chapman Catt is a member of this committee); national organizations for social workers. Individual service: providing stays of deportations, etc., for people who come to them as a last resort.

 
  Letter from Monsignor Keegan, Secretary for Charities to the Archbishop of N.Y., to Razovsky.October 13, 1933
  

She had attended and participated in a recent national Conference of Catholic Charities.

28Letter from Monsignor Keegan, Secretary for Charities to the Archbishop of N.Y., to Razovsky.October 13, 1933request_box
  

She had attended and participated in a recent national Conference of Catholic Charities.

 
  Copy of a letter from MJK (?) to Eugene S. Benjamin, Esq., of the Baron de Hirsch Fund.December 12, 1933
  

About Razovsky: she is a confidential adviser to the League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, chief of the technical advisers of the Committee on Ellis Island, member of a special committee on working out a plan for handling German Jewish children, "her organization has just induced Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt to form a committee of women to get prominent Christian women all over the country to urge liberal treatment of German refugees..."

28Copy of a letter from MJK (?) to Eugene S. Benjamin, Esq., of the Baron de Hirsch Fund.December 12, 1933request_box
  

About Razovsky: she is a confidential adviser to the League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, chief of the technical advisers of the Committee on Ellis Island, member of a special committee on working out a plan for handling German Jewish children, "her organization has just induced Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt to form a committee of women to get prominent Christian women all over the country to urge liberal treatment of German refugees..."

 
  Copy of "Suggested Set-up for American or Emergency Joint Bureau for German Refugees," by Razovsky.January 3, 1934
  5 typed pages
  

A central committee to be known as the American or Emergency Joint Bureau for German Refugees should be formed immediately. Composed of Jewish organizations and non-Jewish organizations· Delineation of functions of the committee. Refugees who would be given preference for admission: 1) Children, especially boys, up to the age of 18 or 21; 2) Women under the age of 30, especially kindergarten teachers, primary school teachers, nurses, social workers, maids, etc., who could be placed in homes as governesses; 3) Specially skilled or technically trained people who could make a cultural contribution to the country or whose special knowledge would be valuable to industry or science. Duties of the committee

28Copy of "Suggested Set-up for American or Emergency Joint Bureau for German Refugees," by Razovsky.January 3, 1934request_box
  

A central committee to be known as the American or Emergency Joint Bureau for German Refugees should be formed immediately. Composed of Jewish organizations and non-Jewish organizations· Delineation of functions of the committee. Refugees who would be given preference for admission: 1) Children, especially boys, up to the age of 18 or 21; 2) Women under the age of 30, especially kindergarten teachers, primary school teachers, nurses, social workers, maids, etc., who could be placed in homes as governesses; 3) Specially skilled or technically trained people who could make a cultural contribution to the country or whose special knowledge would be valuable to industry or science. Duties of the committee

5 typed pages
 
  Memo from Holland: "Second Work Report Regarding the Activities of the Committee voor 'Bijzondere Joosche Belangen"January 20, 1934
  

Numbers of German Refugees in Holland. Numbers of refugees helped. Numbers of refugees in various countries. Funds collected and spent. Activities of this committee, including helping intellectuals, training domestic workers, language classes, social clubs, etc.

28Memo from Holland: "Second Work Report Regarding the Activities of the Committee voor 'Bijzondere Joosche Belangen"January 20, 1934request_box
  

Numbers of German Refugees in Holland. Numbers of refugees helped. Numbers of refugees in various countries. Funds collected and spent. Activities of this committee, including helping intellectuals, training domestic workers, language classes, social clubs, etc.

 
  "The United States and the German Refugees," an NBC radio broadcast, by Razovsky.July 9, 1934
  

About American shortcomings regarding immigration policy. About the NCJW's work with Jewish women and girls. On the problems German refugees have in America. This is an appeal to "all women in this country, Christian as well as Jewish, for their sympathetic interest and cooperation" (especially because so many of the refugees are only part-Jewish or are children of baptized parents).

28"The United States and the German Refugees," an NBC radio broadcast, by Razovsky.July 9, 1934request_box
  

About American shortcomings regarding immigration policy. About the NCJW's work with Jewish women and girls. On the problems German refugees have in America. This is an appeal to "all women in this country, Christian as well as Jewish, for their sympathetic interest and cooperation" (especially because so many of the refugees are only part-Jewish or are children of baptized parents).

 
  Copy of a letter from Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor, to Razovsky.July 24, 1934
  

Thanking her for a recent report of the Ellis Island Committee, which will most likely help to improve immigration and naturalization law.

28Copy of a letter from Frances Perkins, Secretary of Labor, to Razovsky.July 24, 1934request_box
  

Thanking her for a recent report of the Ellis Island Committee, which will most likely help to improve immigration and naturalization law.

 
  Press release from NCJW, about Saar Plebiscite.November 27, 1934
  

Immigration regulations.

28Press release from NCJW, about Saar Plebiscite.November 27, 1934request_box
  

Immigration regulations.

 
  Packet of information from Razovsky to Mrs. Arthur Brin, President, NCJW.April 26, 1935
  

With information about the NCJW's projects for adult German-Jewish refugees and for German-Jewish children. Urging her to act on the information immediately, to have the Council cooperate with social agencies working in the same field.

28Packet of information from Razovsky to Mrs. Arthur Brin, President, NCJW.April 26, 1935request_box
  

With information about the NCJW's projects for adult German-Jewish refugees and for German-Jewish children. Urging her to act on the information immediately, to have the Council cooperate with social agencies working in the same field.

 
  NCJW report of Service to Foreign Born and Migration Service to the Board of Directors, written by Razovsky, Associate Director.November 20-22, 1935
  

Dock service, Ellis Island, follow-up service - immigrant aid, deportation, international service, National Coordinating Committee, German-Jewish Children's Aid, Legislation.

28NCJW report of Service to Foreign Born and Migration Service to the Board of Directors, written by Razovsky, Associate Director.November 20-22, 1935request_box
  

Dock service, Ellis Island, follow-up service - immigrant aid, deportation, international service, National Coordinating Committee, German-Jewish Children's Aid, Legislation.

 
  Copy of a letter from D.W. MacCormack, U.S. Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, to Heywood Broun, New York World Telegram.May 19, 1936
  

About the Kerr-Coolidge Bill, regulating deportation of alien criminals and other aliens.

28Copy of a letter from D.W. MacCormack, U.S. Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, to Heywood Broun, New York World Telegram.May 19, 1936request_box
  

About the Kerr-Coolidge Bill, regulating deportation of alien criminals and other aliens.

 
  Copy of an address by Colonel Daniel MacCormack, U.S. Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization at the National Conference on Social Work.May 26, 1936
  

"What would happen if all aliens were deported?" Rebutting the claim that unemployment caused by the depression would be eradicated if all aliens were deported.

28Copy of an address by Colonel Daniel MacCormack, U.S. Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization at the National Conference on Social Work.May 26, 1936request_box
  

"What would happen if all aliens were deported?" Rebutting the claim that unemployment caused by the depression would be eradicated if all aliens were deported.

 
  Letter from Blanche Goldman, Chair, Executive Committee, NCJW, to Razovsky, Executive Director, National Coordinating Committee.October 23, 1936
  

The Executive Committee wants her back as Associate Director - "as you recall, you were loaned to the National Coordinating Committee and we would like to know when we may count on your return."

28Letter from Blanche Goldman, Chair, Executive Committee, NCJW, to Razovsky, Executive Director, National Coordinating Committee.October 23, 1936request_box
  

The Executive Committee wants her back as Associate Director - "as you recall, you were loaned to the National Coordinating Committee and we would like to know when we may count on your return."

 
  Untitled report (12/14/36 written in pencil on top) about the deportation situation and possible legislation.December 14, 1936
28Untitled report (12/14/36 written in pencil on top) about the deportation situation and possible legislation.December 14, 1936request_box
  Cover of The Jewish Forum.October 1937
  

On reverse is the program for a meeting of The Jewish Forum Association, October 26, 1937, where Razovsky will be speaking on "The Migration of Jews from Germany."

28Cover of The Jewish Forum.October 1937request_box
  

On reverse is the program for a meeting of The Jewish Forum Association, October 26, 1937, where Razovsky will be speaking on "The Migration of Jews from Germany."

 
  Packet of information from Hilda Wolff, Chair, German-Jewish Refugee Projects, to "Chairman of German Refugee Projects" (Razovsky?).December 23, 1937
  

Including "brief histories of nineteen of our most urgent scholarship cases" (6 are women).

28Packet of information from Hilda Wolff, Chair, German-Jewish Refugee Projects, to "Chairman of German Refugee Projects" (Razovsky?).December 23, 1937request_box
  

Including "brief histories of nineteen of our most urgent scholarship cases" (6 are women).

 
Return to the Top of Page
 

Series III: National Coordinating Committee, undated, 1930, 1937-1940, 1961, 1967

English, German, and Spanish.
Box 3, and Oversized Folder.
Arrangement:

Folders are arranged by subject

Scope and Content:

This series contains correspondence, reports, case notes, newspaper clippings, and blank immigration forms concerning the NCC, a coordinating agency representing approximately twenty refugee relief organizations in which Razovsky served as Executive Director. The NCC later was merged into the National Refugee Service.

Box 3, folders 1-4 consist of correspondence from Razovsky and NCC staff written in response to requests or offers of help from Jewish social service agencies and individuals. Much of the correspondence concerns case files of German refugees trying to obtain affidavits and get on the quota system to secure visas. The item list below for Box 3, Folders 1-4 includes only significant letters and is not a complete item list. Among the correspondents is Louis Brandeis (Folder 1), Jack Brandon of the Joint Relief Committee in Havana, Cuba (Folders 1-4), Joseph P. Chamberlain (Folders 1, 2, and 3), Philip Cowen (Folder 4), Henry Morgenthau Jr. (Folder 3), Joseph S. Shubow (see Folder 3), Edward M. Warburg (Folder 4), A.M. Warren, Chief of the Visa Division for the U.S. State Department (see Folders 2, 3, and 4), and Stephen S. Wise (see Folders 1, 2, 3 and 6). The issues NCC managed included investigating sources of affidavits (see Folders 1 and 2), finding employment for refugee physicians and Rabbis (see Folders 1, 3 and 6), locating scholarships for German refugee students (see Folder 3), planning agricultural and farm settlements (see Folders 1 and 4) attempting to get visas for concentration camp internees (see Folders 2, 3 and 4), planning to relocate groups of elderly people (see Folder 3), and intending to set up an immigration relief system in Canada (see folders 2 and 3).

The NCC was permitted to bring only 20German refugee children per month into the United States (see Folders 3 and 4). Razovsky writes in a letter dated December 23, 1938 to Armand Wyle, of the Hebrew Orphan Home in Atlanta, GA; "... There is terrific pressure here in this office. We are getting thousands of inquiries about children…" (see Folder 4). A report abstract from the Movement for the Care of Children from Germany, British Inter-Aid Committee dated May 18, 1939 is located in Folder 6. Razovsky writes to Mrs. Andrew Fried, of the District Grand Lodge No. 2 on November 21, 1938 (eleven days after Kristallnacht); "... We have had at least 1300 callers each day this past week; a thousand letters a day come in; there are many hysterical people in the office - the atmosphere is tense and feverish..."(see Folder 2).

The NCC explored quota limits and refugee situations all over the globe; frequent countries discussed include Cuba, Brazil, and Argentina. A report titled "General Survey of the Refugee Situation in Cuba" was issued by Jack Brandon of the Joint Relief Committee in Havana, Cuba on November 15, 1938 (see Folder 2). Razovsky writes to the Joint Distribution Committee on November 29, 1938 "... There is no doubt that Buenos Aires needs a strong person to go down and organize the community..." (see Folder 2). Ann S. Petluck writes to Razovsky on November 18, 1938 regarding immigration procedures in Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica, and Australia (see Folder 2).

Folder 5 is dedicated to information on emigration to the West Indies, Central and South America and consists of correspondence, articles, and reports. Articles consist of "An Ounce of Prevention" written by Razovsky on how to prevent anti-Semitism in Latin America and "Brazilian Business" concerning immigrants helping Brazil's economy. Reports are numerous, the most voluminous are titled "The Present Status of Jewish Settlement and Jewish Migration to Brazil and the Argentine," by Razovsky in 1937; and "Summary of Information Received by the New York Agencies on Local Refugee Conditions in The West Indies, Central and South America, " unidentified author, dated May 1, 1939. Additional material on Cuba, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, and Peru is located in Folder 6.

Folder 6 also contains correspondence and reports from various refugee relief projects. Among the items of interest include a statistical statement of NCC activities throughout the U.S. in July 1938. Emigration information is available for England, Greece, Philippines, and Switzerland. The Jewish situation in Italy is reported on by the American Joint Distribution Committee and sent to Razovsky on December 2, 1938 (see also Folder 3). An "Eye Witness Report of Rescue Activities of J.D.C. at Polish-German Border" is dated November 18, 1938. Razovsky compiled various case studies and correspondence from refugees, the latest date mentioned is November 30, 1938.

Folders 7 and 8 focus on the tragedy of S.S. St. Louis, a steamer carrying 930 Jewish refugees that was turned away from Cuba and forced to return to Europe to reface the horrors of the Holocaust. Folder 7 contains undated, 1939, and 1967 news clippings and articles in German, Spanish, and English; 1939 correspondence from Joseph Chamberlain and Razovsky updating the refugees' situation; a letter in 1961 from reporter S.L. Schneiderman thanking Razovsky for her reminiscences; and several manuscript versions, including an undated news clipping, of Razovsky's retrospection of her experiences. Folder 8 consists of Spanish news clippings, dated June 1939, from various newspapers. Additional information concerning the SS St. Louis is available in Folder 4 (see list of passengers, dated June 2, 1939; and correspondence dated June 5 and 6, 1939) and Folder 6 (see letter from Joseph Chamberlain dated June 15, 1939).

See also: Series IV: National Refugee Service; Series V: AJDC/UNRRA; and Series VIII: United HIAS Service for immigration to South America.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
31Correspondence re: National Coordinating Committee - Aid for German RefugeesNovember 1-November 9, 1938request_box
  

Correspondence concerns case studies and obtaining affidavits. Additional documents of significance are noted below.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Hannah Hirshberg, Jewish Social Service Federation, San Antonio, TX.November 3, 1938
  

"... there will probably be only two States in the Union who will allow physicians to take their examinations to practice before they become citizens of this country..."

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
31Copy of letter from Razovsky to Hannah Hirshberg, Jewish Social Service Federation, San Antonio, TX.November 3, 1938request_box
  

"... there will probably be only two States in the Union who will allow physicians to take their examinations to practice before they become citizens of this country..."

 
  Copy of air mail letter from Razovsky to Mrs. Isaac Swett, Oregon Émigré Committee, Portland, OR.November 3, 1938
  

Urges Mrs. Swett to not "work hastily" in giving out affidavits before she received reports on the people from agencies abroad.

31Copy of air mail letter from Razovsky to Mrs. Isaac Swett, Oregon Émigré Committee, Portland, OR.November 3, 1938request_box
  

Urges Mrs. Swett to not "work hastily" in giving out affidavits before she received reports on the people from agencies abroad.

 
  Copy of memo and letter from Razovsky to Florina Lasker and Pauline Salsberg.November 3, 1938
  

Razovsky is responding to a complaint of inefficiency against HIAS.

31Copy of memo and letter from Razovsky to Florina Lasker and Pauline Salsberg.November 3, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky is responding to a complaint of inefficiency against HIAS.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Stephen S. Wise. Case study, Thomas Sherman.November 4, 1938
31Copy of letter from Razovsky to Stephen S. Wise. Case study, Thomas Sherman.November 4, 1938request_box
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to Resettlement Division.November 4, 1938
  

A man from Wappinger Falls, N.Y. would like to resettle refugees on his farm.

31Copy of memo from Razovsky to Resettlement Division.November 4, 1938request_box
  

A man from Wappinger Falls, N.Y. would like to resettle refugees on his farm.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Louis Greenspan.November 4, 1938
  

"Rabbi Wise suggests you follow American Consul's advice."

31Copy of letter from Razovsky to Louis Greenspan.November 4, 1938request_box
  

"Rabbi Wise suggests you follow American Consul's advice."

 
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to Professor Chamberlain.November 7, 1938
  

Writes about the Oregon Émigré Committee, who has sent affidavits to people without an prior investigation and are trying to pass legislation that foreign doctors will be able to practice under special license.

31Copy of memo from Razovsky to Professor Chamberlain.November 7, 1938request_box
  

Writes about the Oregon Émigré Committee, who has sent affidavits to people without an prior investigation and are trying to pass legislation that foreign doctors will be able to practice under special license.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Stephen S. Wise. Regarding case study, Thomas Sherman.November 8, 1938
31Copy of letter from Razovsky to Stephen S. Wise. Regarding case study, Thomas Sherman.November 8, 1938request_box
31Copy of letter from Razovsky to Rala Glaser, NCJW.November 8, 1938request_box
  

Regarding case study Leo and Liese Weiss. Cuba is closed, and may require a bond of $2000 per person for those coming directly from Europe.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Sol Hyman, Executive Secretary, Medical Refugee Control, Committee of the Western States, San Francisco, CA.November 9, 1938
  

Discusses a plan for foreign physicians to settle in small towns that need medical care, however; the towns often cannot fund them.

31Copy of letter from Razovsky to Sol Hyman, Executive Secretary, Medical Refugee Control, Committee of the Western States, San Francisco, CA.November 9, 1938request_box
  

Discusses a plan for foreign physicians to settle in small towns that need medical care, however; the towns often cannot fund them.

 
32Correspondence re: National Coordinating Committee - Aid for German RefugeesNovember 10-November 30, 1938request_box
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to Mr. Feinberg and Mr. Grunsbaum.November 10, 1938
  

The National Youth Administration urges their cooperation. She mentions a work project for girls.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
32Copy of memo from Razovsky to Mr. Feinberg and Mr. Grunsbaum.November 10, 1938request_box
  

The National Youth Administration urges their cooperation. She mentions a work project for girls.

 
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to Employment Division.November 10, 1938
  

Regarding case study, Leopold Stoehr, who was sent to her by Stephen Wise.

32Copy of memo from Razovsky to Employment Division.November 10, 1938request_box
  

Regarding case study, Leopold Stoehr, who was sent to her by Stephen Wise.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Eva Shevell, NCJW.November 14, 1938
  

Regarding obtaining affidavits from Berlin. Russia quote is closed; preference quotas for almost all the countries are still open. Those who have been sent for must wait a minimum of twenty months on the German quota. She should not send anyone to Cuba.

32Copy of letter from Razovsky to Eva Shevell, NCJW.November 14, 1938request_box
  

Regarding obtaining affidavits from Berlin. Russia quote is closed; preference quotas for almost all the countries are still open. Those who have been sent for must wait a minimum of twenty months on the German quota. She should not send anyone to Cuba.

 
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to Sunny Schaefer.November 14, 1938
  

Razovsky asks Schaefer to investigate a man selling affidavits.

32Copy of memo from Razovsky to Sunny Schaefer.November 14, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky asks Schaefer to investigate a man selling affidavits.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. E. L. Frankel, President of Toronto Section, League of Nations Society.undated
  

Regarding the possibility of Canada taking refugees in the near future, planning to set up a Canadian immigrant relief system.

32Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. E. L. Frankel, President of Toronto Section, League of Nations Society.undatedrequest_box
  

Regarding the possibility of Canada taking refugees in the near future, planning to set up a Canadian immigrant relief system.

 
  Copy of a report "General Survey of the Refugee Situation in Cuba," issued by the Joint Relief Committee.November 15, 1938
32Copy of a report "General Survey of the Refugee Situation in Cuba," issued by the Joint Relief Committee.November 15, 1938request_box
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to Dr. Kohs.November 15, 1938
  

Regarding Agudos Isroel Immigration Department, a branch of the European organization that deals with problems affecting Orthodox Jews.

32Copy of memo from Razovsky to Dr. Kohs.November 15, 1938request_box
  

Regarding Agudos Isroel Immigration Department, a branch of the European organization that deals with problems affecting Orthodox Jews.

 
  Copy of memo by Razovsky to all Cooperating Committees.November 15, 1938
  

She is investigating the Immigrants Guidance Service, operated by Gaston A. Liebert, who is writing to synagogues all over the country for notification of job opportunities.

32Copy of memo by Razovsky to all Cooperating Committees.November 15, 1938request_box
  

She is investigating the Immigrants Guidance Service, operated by Gaston A. Liebert, who is writing to synagogues all over the country for notification of job opportunities.

 
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to Dr. Kohs.November 16, 1938
  

Regarding the Immigrants Guidance Service. She also describes the method NCC uses to investigate businesses.

32Copy of memo from Razovsky to Dr. Kohs.November 16, 1938request_box
  

Regarding the Immigrants Guidance Service. She also describes the method NCC uses to investigate businesses.

 
  Copy of memo from Ann S. Petluck to Razovsky.November 18, 1938
  

Information from Consulates in Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica, and Australia concerning immigration procedures. Copy of memo from Razovsky to Dr. Kohs. Regarding the Immigrants Guidance Service. She also describes the method NCC uses to investigate businesses.

32Copy of memo from Ann S. Petluck to Razovsky.November 18, 1938request_box
  

Information from Consulates in Nicaragua, Panama, Costa Rica, and Australia concerning immigration procedures. Copy of memo from Razovsky to Dr. Kohs. Regarding the Immigrants Guidance Service. She also describes the method NCC uses to investigate businesses.

 
  Copy of memo from Ann S. Petluck to Mrs. Hyam volunteer to Mrs. Schwartz.November 21, 1938
  

Requests Mrs. Hyam to visit the Nicaraguan Consul and discuss the requirements for immigration to Nicaragua.

32Copy of memo from Ann S. Petluck to Mrs. Hyam volunteer to Mrs. Schwartz.November 21, 1938request_box
  

Requests Mrs. Hyam to visit the Nicaraguan Consul and discuss the requirements for immigration to Nicaragua.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Greta H. Schaffner, Erie, PA.November 21, 1938
  

Razovsky writes concerning German Jews "... There is nothing we can do to help these thousands of trapped unfortunates. They have no preference in the quota and their turns will come two years hence possibly..."

32Copy of letter from Razovsky to Greta H. Schaffner, Erie, PA.November 21, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky writes concerning German Jews "... There is nothing we can do to help these thousands of trapped unfortunates. They have no preference in the quota and their turns will come two years hence possibly..."

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. Andrew Fried, District Grand Lodge No. 2, B'nai B'rith.November 21, 1938
  

Razovsky describes the "tense and feverish" atmosphere in her office; they have received 1300 callers each day in the past week.

32Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. Andrew Fried, District Grand Lodge No. 2, B'nai B'rith.November 21, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky describes the "tense and feverish" atmosphere in her office; they have received 1300 callers each day in the past week.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Rabbi Stephen Wise.November 22, 1938
  

Regarding Mr. Epstein, a retiree, who tries to provide affidavits with no charge.

32Copy of letter from Razovsky to Rabbi Stephen Wise.November 22, 1938request_box
  

Regarding Mr. Epstein, a retiree, who tries to provide affidavits with no charge.

 
  15) Copy of letter from Razovsky to Charles Strull, Louisville, KY (fifteen days after Kristallnacht).November 25, 1938
  

Razovsky describes the last ten days at her office as "simply overwhelming." She recommends certain procedures for contacting individuals arrested in Germany.

3215) Copy of letter from Razovsky to Charles Strull, Louisville, KY (fifteen days after Kristallnacht).November 25, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky describes the last ten days at her office as "simply overwhelming." She recommends certain procedures for contacting individuals arrested in Germany.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Ruby Josephson, Paterson, N.J.November 29, 1938
  

Regarding obtaining affidavits for people in concentration camps.

32Copy of letter from Razovsky to Ruby Josephson, Paterson, N.J.November 29, 1938request_box
  

Regarding obtaining affidavits for people in concentration camps.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Samuel A. Goldsmith, The Jewish Charities, Chicago, IL.November 29, 1938
  

Razovsky refers to the Refugee Economic Corporation in Ecuador as "an old dream."

32Copy of letter from Razovsky to Samuel A. Goldsmith, The Jewish Charities, Chicago, IL.November 29, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky refers to the Refugee Economic Corporation in Ecuador as "an old dream."

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Joint Distribution Committee.November 29, 1938
  

She urges a "strong person" to go down and organize the Buenos Aires community, to help the 1000 illegal immigrants become legalized. See also the following letter to Mr. Adolf Hirsch, Hilfaverein Deutschsprechender Juden, Buenos Aires, Brazil.

32Copy of letter from Razovsky to Joint Distribution Committee.November 29, 1938request_box
  

She urges a "strong person" to go down and organize the Buenos Aires community, to help the 1000 illegal immigrants become legalized. See also the following letter to Mr. Adolf Hirsch, Hilfaverein Deutschsprechender Juden, Buenos Aires, Brazil.

 
33Correspondence re: National Coordinating Committee - Aid for German RefugeesDecember 1-14, 1938request_box
  

Correspondence concerns case studies and obtaining affidavits. Additional documents of significance are noted below.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Walter H. Bieringer, Canton, MA.December 2, 1938
  

Razovsky writes about the small quota in Poland, "... I think you are perfectly correct in saying that while economically they are much worse off than the German Jews, nevertheless, they are not being put in concentration camps in numbers and are not being tortured physically..."

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Walter H. Bieringer, Canton, MA.December 2, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky writes about the small quota in Poland, "... I think you are perfectly correct in saying that while economically they are much worse off than the German Jews, nevertheless, they are not being put in concentration camps in numbers and are not being tortured physically..."

 
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to Professor Chamberlain and others.December 4, 1938
  

Regarding Cuba, the NCC will now be the only officially recognized agency.

33Copy of memo from Razovsky to Professor Chamberlain and others.December 4, 1938request_box
  

Regarding Cuba, the NCC will now be the only officially recognized agency.

 
  Copy of open letter by the NCC.undated
  

Describes the procedure for sponsorship of prospective immigrants.

33Copy of open letter by the NCC.undatedrequest_box
  

Describes the procedure for sponsorship of prospective immigrants.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Frederick H. Crane, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA.December 6, 1938
  

Razovsky writes that there are many families in Northampton who are willing to take German-Jewish children as guests; however the NCC has permission to bring only 20 children each month into the United States. Admission of large numbers of children needs to pass Congress legislation.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Frederick H. Crane, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA.December 6, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky writes that there are many families in Northampton who are willing to take German-Jewish children as guests; however the NCC has permission to bring only 20 children each month into the United States. Admission of large numbers of children needs to pass Congress legislation.

 
  5) Copy of letter from Razovsky to Rabbi Joseph S. Shubow, American Jewish Congress.December 6, 1938
  

Shubow had telegrammed Stephen Wise, who referred him to Razovsky, concerning answering cabled requests through Hicem rather than through a Paris bank. She also refers him to the Coordinating Committee in Boston and HIAS of Boston. See following letter to Stephen Wise, enclosing telegram and copy of letter to Shubow.

335) Copy of letter from Razovsky to Rabbi Joseph S. Shubow, American Jewish Congress.December 6, 1938request_box
  

Shubow had telegrammed Stephen Wise, who referred him to Razovsky, concerning answering cabled requests through Hicem rather than through a Paris bank. She also refers him to the Coordinating Committee in Boston and HIAS of Boston. See following letter to Stephen Wise, enclosing telegram and copy of letter to Shubow.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to I. Edwin Goldwasser.December 6, 1938
  

Concerning a plan to admit a group of elderly people into the country.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to I. Edwin Goldwasser.December 6, 1938request_box
  

Concerning a plan to admit a group of elderly people into the country.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to J. Brandon, Joint Relief Committee, Havana, Cuba.December 6, 1938
  

Regarding giving dollar a day relief for refugees. She points out "that the Jews of Germany are not the responsibility of the United States alone-Jews all over the world must do their share and are equally responsible."

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to J. Brandon, Joint Relief Committee, Havana, Cuba.December 6, 1938request_box
  

Regarding giving dollar a day relief for refugees. She points out "that the Jews of Germany are not the responsibility of the United States alone-Jews all over the world must do their share and are equally responsible."

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Benjamin Robinson, Canadian Jewish Congress, Montreal, Canada.December 7, 1938
  

Regarding the organization of a coordinating committee in Canada.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Benjamin Robinson, Canadian Jewish Congress, Montreal, Canada.December 7, 1938request_box
  

Regarding the organization of a coordinating committee in Canada.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Robert Spivack, International Student Service.November 22, 1938
  

Enclosing a copy of letter from R. Douglas Gleason, Chairman, Refugee Scholarship Committee, University of Wichita, Kansas to Professor J.P. Chamberlain, Columbia University, New York. University of Wichita has created a scholarship for a German refugee student, funded by non-Jewish students and townspeople.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Robert Spivack, International Student Service.November 22, 1938request_box
  

Enclosing a copy of letter from R. Douglas Gleason, Chairman, Refugee Scholarship Committee, University of Wichita, Kansas to Professor J.P. Chamberlain, Columbia University, New York. University of Wichita has created a scholarship for a German refugee student, funded by non-Jewish students and townspeople.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. Stephen S. Wise, Free Synagogue Child Adoption Committee.December 8, 1938
  

There will not be any children available for adoption in the near future due to the crowded quota.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. Stephen S. Wise, Free Synagogue Child Adoption Committee.December 8, 1938request_box
  

There will not be any children available for adoption in the near future due to the crowded quota.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Karen Featherman, President of Elmira Section of NCJW, Elmira, New York.December 12, 1938
  

Razovsky says the NCC can only send for twenty children a month; they have 398 children in the U.S. that have been placed in homes in 85 cities.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Karen Featherman, President of Elmira Section of NCJW, Elmira, New York.December 12, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky says the NCC can only send for twenty children a month; they have 398 children in the U.S. that have been placed in homes in 85 cities.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Dan S. Rosenberg, Refugee Resettlement Committee, Philadelphia, PA.December 12, 1938
  

Regarding finding employment for rabbis overseas.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Dan S. Rosenberg, Refugee Resettlement Committee, Philadelphia, PA.December 12, 1938request_box
  

Regarding finding employment for rabbis overseas.

 
  Copy of excerpt of immigration law sent to Dr. Farmer.December 13, 1938
  

Defining the term "non-quota immigrant."

33Copy of excerpt of immigration law sent to Dr. Farmer.December 13, 1938request_box
  

Defining the term "non-quota immigrant."

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Bernard S. Gradwohl, Lincoln, NE.December 13, 1938
  

She writes it is impossible to secure visitor visas for persons now in concentration camps, the German government only releases those that can show they are emigrating permanently.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Bernard S. Gradwohl, Lincoln, NE.December 13, 1938request_box
  

She writes it is impossible to secure visitor visas for persons now in concentration camps, the German government only releases those that can show they are emigrating permanently.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Rabbi Samuel Sandmel, The Temple, Atlanta, GA.December 14, 1938
  

Regarding two elderly people living in Rhodes. The U.S. government is negotiating with Italy to try and minimize their regulations against Jews. "It seems too dreadful to move these people in their eighties to some other country." Apologizes for her delay in response, her office is overwhelmed with work, particularly since November 10th and 11th.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Rabbi Samuel Sandmel, The Temple, Atlanta, GA.December 14, 1938request_box
  

Regarding two elderly people living in Rhodes. The U.S. government is negotiating with Italy to try and minimize their regulations against Jews. "It seems too dreadful to move these people in their eighties to some other country." Apologizes for her delay in response, her office is overwhelmed with work, particularly since November 10th and 11th.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Fred Kowalski, Brownsville, TX.December 14, 1938
  

Regarding a hospital in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico that may have an opportunity for two or three doctors.

33Copy of letter from Razovsky to Fred Kowalski, Brownsville, TX.December 14, 1938request_box
  

Regarding a hospital in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico that may have an opportunity for two or three doctors.

 
34Correspondence re: National Coordinating Committee - Aid for German RefugeesDecember 15-28, 1938, January-June 1939request_box
  

Correspondence concerns case studies and obtaining affidavits. Additional documents of significance are noted below.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Edward H. Littman, Humble Oil and Refining Co., Legal Department, Houston, TX.December 20, 1938
  

Responding to Littman's letter in which he states that he has furnished many affidavits and now believes the possibility of providing more is exhausted. He writes "further immigration into this country would be detrimental."

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Edward H. Littman, Humble Oil and Refining Co., Legal Department, Houston, TX.December 20, 1938request_box
  

Responding to Littman's letter in which he states that he has furnished many affidavits and now believes the possibility of providing more is exhausted. He writes "further immigration into this country would be detrimental."

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to M.A. Solkin, Jewish Immigrant Aid Society, Montreal, Canada.December 20, 1938
  

The U.S. had ordered the withdrawal of all quotas abroad so they could be redistributed on a more equalized basis.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to M.A. Solkin, Jewish Immigrant Aid Society, Montreal, Canada.December 20, 1938request_box
  

The U.S. had ordered the withdrawal of all quotas abroad so they could be redistributed on a more equalized basis.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. R. Bram, Dickinson, North Dakota.December 21, 1938
  

Mrs. Bram had written that she wished to adopt a child; Razovsky writes that at present, there are homes already promised for the children coming in the next year.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. R. Bram, Dickinson, North Dakota.December 21, 1938request_box
  

Mrs. Bram had written that she wished to adopt a child; Razovsky writes that at present, there are homes already promised for the children coming in the next year.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Anita Henkes Weltner, Canal Zone, Panama.December 21, 1938
  

Razovsky follows up on a request for a survey of immigration conditions in Panama. She also responds to Weltner's questions concerning loans to refugees, and describes the Refugee Economic Corporation.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Anita Henkes Weltner, Canal Zone, Panama.December 21, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky follows up on a request for a survey of immigration conditions in Panama. She also responds to Weltner's questions concerning loans to refugees, and describes the Refugee Economic Corporation.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Carter Alexander, Teachers College, New York.December 22, 1938
  

Responding to Alexander's letter that he wrote to the German-Jewish Children's Aid, concerning sending two hundred children to a farm in Texas.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Carter Alexander, Teachers College, New York.December 22, 1938request_box
  

Responding to Alexander's letter that he wrote to the German-Jewish Children's Aid, concerning sending two hundred children to a farm in Texas.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Sichel, Johannesburg, South Africa.December 22, 1938
  

"... persons waiting in Mexico for their turn in the quota must wait just as long as if they were in Germany..." This is due to the redistribution of quota visas by the State Department.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Sichel, Johannesburg, South Africa.December 22, 1938request_box
  

"... persons waiting in Mexico for their turn in the quota must wait just as long as if they were in Germany..." This is due to the redistribution of quota visas by the State Department.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Rabbi Samuel R. Shillman, Coordinating Refugee Committee, Sumpter, South Carolina.December 22, 1938
  

Razovsky mentions which occupations can immigrate on a non-quota basis.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Rabbi Samuel R. Shillman, Coordinating Refugee Committee, Sumpter, South Carolina.December 22, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky mentions which occupations can immigrate on a non-quota basis.

 
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to Mr. Borchardt.December 23, 1938
  

She lists the reports she would like from him after he returns from his visit to Europe.

34Copy of memo from Razovsky to Mr. Borchardt.December 23, 1938request_box
  

She lists the reports she would like from him after he returns from his visit to Europe.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Armand Wyle, Hebrew Orphan Home, Atlanta, GA.December 23, 1938
  

Razovsky describes the emotional exhaustion her office is going through, in responding to inquiries about children who cannot come yet due to the quotas.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Armand Wyle, Hebrew Orphan Home, Atlanta, GA.December 23, 1938request_box
  

Razovsky describes the emotional exhaustion her office is going through, in responding to inquiries about children who cannot come yet due to the quotas.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Walter Rothschild, Abraham and Strauss, Brooklyn, N.Y.January 25, 1939
  

Razovsky discusses the immigration needs in Trinidad.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Walter Rothschild, Abraham and Strauss, Brooklyn, N.Y.January 25, 1939request_box
  

Razovsky discusses the immigration needs in Trinidad.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Florina Lasker, NCJW.January 31, 1939
  

Razovsky defines the procedure for helping people in concentration camps.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Florina Lasker, NCJW.January 31, 1939request_box
  

Razovsky defines the procedure for helping people in concentration camps.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to A.M. Warren, Chief, Visa Division, Department of State, Washington, D.C.February 27, 1939
  

Razovsky mentions the forced migration of Jews due to the demand of German police that Jewish organizations submit names of one hundred prospective emigrants daily.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to A.M. Warren, Chief, Visa Division, Department of State, Washington, D.C.February 27, 1939request_box
  

Razovsky mentions the forced migration of Jews due to the demand of German police that Jewish organizations submit names of one hundred prospective emigrants daily.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. A. Herzog, Galveston, TX.April 21, 1939
  

Razovsky describes the possibilities of emigration for Herzog's family in Vienna. She mentions Shanghai ("starvation awaits those who go there"), Panama, and England.

34Copy of letter from Razovsky to Mrs. A. Herzog, Galveston, TX.April 21, 1939request_box
  

Razovsky describes the possibilities of emigration for Herzog's family in Vienna. She mentions Shanghai ("starvation awaits those who go there"), Panama, and England.

 
  Copy of list of passengers aboard SS. St. Louis.June 2, 1939
34Copy of list of passengers aboard SS. St. Louis.June 2, 1939request_box
  Copy of open letter from Thelma K. Brown on NCC stationary.June 5, 1939
  

Regarding the SS. St. Louis. See also following letters dated June 5th and June 6th.

34Copy of open letter from Thelma K. Brown on NCC stationary.June 5, 1939request_box
  

Regarding the SS. St. Louis. See also following letters dated June 5th and June 6th.

 
35Refugee Relief Work - Refugees to South Americaundated, 1930, 1937-1940request_box
  Contains some German.   
  Information on Colombia.1930
  1 page.
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
35Information on Colombia.1930request_box
  1 page. 
  "An Ounce of Prevention," by Razovsky.April 20, 1931
  

On preventing anti-Semitism in Latin America.

35"An Ounce of Prevention," by Razovsky.April 20, 1931request_box
  

On preventing anti-Semitism in Latin America.

 
  "The Present Status of Jewish Settlement and Jewish Migration to Brazil and the Argentine," by Razovsky.1937
  70 pages.
  

Based on a trip she and Davidson took to Brazil and Argentina. Includes information on conditions in Brazil, conditions in Argentina, anti-Jewish sentiment affecting the Jewish immigration and local situations in the two countries.

35"The Present Status of Jewish Settlement and Jewish Migration to Brazil and the Argentine," by Razovsky.1937request_box
  

Based on a trip she and Davidson took to Brazil and Argentina. Includes information on conditions in Brazil, conditions in Argentina, anti-Jewish sentiment affecting the Jewish immigration and local situations in the two countries.

70 pages.
 
  Letter from Razovsky, Executive Director of NCC, to Paul Baerwald.April 5, 1937
  

She's working with non-Jewish groups to get people to South America.

35Letter from Razovsky, Executive Director of NCC, to Paul Baerwald.April 5, 1937request_box
  

She's working with non-Jewish groups to get people to South America.

 
  Letter from Ludwig Lorch to Razovsky (in Säo Paolo).August 18, 1937
  In German.
  

About some material that he's sending her.

35Letter from Ludwig Lorch to Razovsky (in Säo Paolo).August 18, 1937request_box
  

About some material that he's sending her.

In German. 
 
  Article from "Brazilian Business," 17:8.August 1937
  

About the possibility of letting in immigrants who will aid Brazil's economy and industrialization.

35Article from "Brazilian Business," 17:8.August 1937request_box
  

About the possibility of letting in immigrants who will aid Brazil's economy and industrialization.

 
  "Digest of Reports and Letters from South America from Frances Eddy," National Federation of Settlements, N.Y.C.May 25, 1938
35"Digest of Reports and Letters from South America from Frances Eddy," National Federation of Settlements, N.Y.C.May 25, 1938request_box
  "Authorizing the Permanency of Stay of Foreigners".July 1938
  

From the Official Gazette of the Ministry of Justice and Interior of Brazil.

35"Authorizing the Permanency of Stay of Foreigners".July 1938request_box
  

From the Official Gazette of the Ministry of Justice and Interior of Brazil.

 
  Letter to the Joint, N.Y.C., from the Joint, Paris.August 23, 1938
  

Attached is a report concerning conditions for Jewish emigration to Mexico.

35Letter to the Joint, N.Y.C., from the Joint, Paris.August 23, 1938request_box
  

Attached is a report concerning conditions for Jewish emigration to Mexico.

 
  Confidential report from NCC about the conditions for emigration to BrazilOctober 31, 1938
  

Written by a congregation in Brazil.

35Confidential report from NCC about the conditions for emigration to BrazilOctober 31, 1938request_box
  

Written by a congregation in Brazil.

 
  Letter from Luiza Klabin Lorch, São Paulo Brazil, to Razovsky.December 9, 1938
  In German.
  

She now has the immigration law in English.

35Letter from Luiza Klabin Lorch, São Paulo Brazil, to Razovsky.December 9, 1938request_box
  

She now has the immigration law in English.

In German. 
 
  Letter from George Warren, President's Advisory Committee on Political Refugees, to Razovsky and Joseph Chamberlain.January 30, 1939
  

About emigrating to Bolivia. Attached are letters, cables, and meeting minutes.

35Letter from George Warren, President's Advisory Committee on Political Refugees, to Razovsky and Joseph Chamberlain.January 30, 1939request_box
  

About emigrating to Bolivia. Attached are letters, cables, and meeting minutes.

 
  Report of Mr. David M. Bressler on Panama.February 11, 1939
35Report of Mr. David M. Bressler on Panama.February 11, 1939request_box
35Memo from Mrs. Maurice L. Goldman, NCJW to Razovsky.February 13, 1939request_box
  

Thanking Razovsky for the translation of Dr. Ludwig Lorch's letter.

 
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to staff of NCC about Bolivia.March 2, 1939
35Copy of memo from Razovsky to staff of NCC about Bolivia.March 2, 1939request_box
  Letter from Herbert Katzki for J.C. Hyman, Executive Director of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky.March 30, 1939
  

Concerning an enclosed schedule of steamers from Europe to Brazil.

35Letter from Herbert Katzki for J.C. Hyman, Executive Director of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky.March 30, 1939request_box
  

Concerning an enclosed schedule of steamers from Europe to Brazil.

 
  Letter from Steger, Rio Janeiro, Brazil stationary to the NCC.March 31, 1939
  In German.
35Letter from Steger, Rio Janeiro, Brazil stationary to the NCC.March 31, 1939request_box
  In German.   
  Packet of information on emigrating to the Bahamas.April 3, 1939
35Packet of information on emigrating to the Bahamas.April 3, 1939request_box
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Paul Baerwald.April 7, 1939
  

She writes that she is enclosing an excerpt of Steger's letter.

35Copy of letter from Razovsky to Paul Baerwald.April 7, 1939request_box
  

She writes that she is enclosing an excerpt of Steger's letter.

 
  Letter from Ludwig Lorch to Razovsky.April 17, 1939
  

Concerning Steger's letter. Attached is a copy of Lorch's letter to Paul Baerwald, Joint Distribution Committee. Concerning immigration into Brazil. Concerning a plan for a group immigration to Brazil for agricultural settlement.

35Letter from Ludwig Lorch to Razovsky.April 17, 1939request_box
  

Concerning Steger's letter. Attached is a copy of Lorch's letter to Paul Baerwald, Joint Distribution Committee. Concerning immigration into Brazil. Concerning a plan for a group immigration to Brazil for agricultural settlement.

 
  "Summary of Information Received by the New York Agencies on Local Refugee Conditions in The West Indies, Central and South America."May 1, 1939
  32 pages.
  

Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad, Windward Islands.

35"Summary of Information Received by the New York Agencies on Local Refugee Conditions in The West Indies, Central and South America."May 1, 1939request_box
  

Barbados, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad, Windward Islands.

32 pages.
 
  Packet of information about Bolivia's prohibiting Jewish immigration for 6 months as of May 1939.April 13, 1939, May 1939
  

Includes meeting minutes for the JDC Subcommittee for Central and South America.

35Packet of information about Bolivia's prohibiting Jewish immigration for 6 months as of May 1939.April 13, 1939, May 1939request_box
  

Includes meeting minutes for the JDC Subcommittee for Central and South America.

 
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to staff.May 10, 1939
  

Bolivia has prohibited Jewish immigration for six months.

35Copy of memo from Razovsky to staff.May 10, 1939request_box
  

Bolivia has prohibited Jewish immigration for six months.

 
  Memo from Robert Pipel, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky.May 6, 1939 and May 12, 1939
  

Enclosing the report on Peru, by Friedrich Borchardt and David Glick in Santiago, Chile.

35Memo from Robert Pipel, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky.May 6, 1939 and May 12, 1939request_box
  

Enclosing the report on Peru, by Friedrich Borchardt and David Glick in Santiago, Chile.

 
  Report on Chile, by Friedrich Borchardt and David Glick.May 15, 1939
35Report on Chile, by Friedrich Borchardt and David Glick.May 15, 1939request_box
   Memo from Robert Pipel, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky.April 20, 1939 and June 30, 1939
  

He is returning her copy of the West India Committee Circular, April 20, 1939, with an article titled "Honduras as Jewish Refuge." Also attached are copies of letters regarding an Estate in Honduras that has been offered for sale for Jewish refugees.

35 Memo from Robert Pipel, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky.April 20, 1939 and June 30, 1939request_box
  

He is returning her copy of the West India Committee Circular, April 20, 1939, with an article titled "Honduras as Jewish Refuge." Also attached are copies of letters regarding an Estate in Honduras that has been offered for sale for Jewish refugees.

 
  Memo from Robert Pipel, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky.July 3, 1939
  

Enclosing reports on São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by Friedrich Borchardt and David Glick.

35Memo from Robert Pipel, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to Razovsky.July 3, 1939request_box
  

Enclosing reports on São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by Friedrich Borchardt and David Glick.

 
  Copy of a letter from Razovsky to Mrs. Luisa Lorch, Brazil.November 28, 1939
  

Pleasantries. She says that many of the immigrants are beginning to come from England instead of Germany.

35Copy of a letter from Razovsky to Mrs. Luisa Lorch, Brazil.November 28, 1939request_box
  

Pleasantries. She says that many of the immigrants are beginning to come from England instead of Germany.

 
  Translation of a letter from the Rabbinical Office of the Chevra, Chile.December 7, 1939
  

About accepting immigrants into Chile.

35Translation of a letter from the Rabbinical Office of the Chevra, Chile.December 7, 1939request_box
  

About accepting immigrants into Chile.

 
  Memo on Mexico.December 22, 1939
35Memo on Mexico.December 22, 1939request_box
   Page of handwritten notes on Pan Am stationery.undated
35 Page of handwritten notes on Pan Am stationery.undatedrequest_box
  Memo about the visit from Mr. and Mrs. Davidson (Razovsky and husband) to Brazil.undated
  In German.
35Memo about the visit from Mr. and Mrs. Davidson (Razovsky and husband) to Brazil.undatedrequest_box
  In German.   
  Memo about the visit from Mr. and Mrs. Davidson (Razovsky and husband) to Brazil.undated
  In German.
35Memo about the visit from Mr. and Mrs. Davidson (Razovsky and husband) to Brazil.undatedrequest_box
  In German.   
  "Memorandum on the Project and Budget of Old Age Home to be Erected in Rio De Janiero."undated
35"Memorandum on the Project and Budget of Old Age Home to be Erected in Rio De Janiero."undatedrequest_box
  Information on Brazil - members of a committee and correspondents in Brazil, requirements for admission, etc.undated
35Information on Brazil - members of a committee and correspondents in Brazil, requirements for admission, etc.undatedrequest_box
  Memo from HIAS, about the status of immigrants in Brazil.undated
35Memo from HIAS, about the status of immigrants in Brazil.undatedrequest_box
36Refugee Relief Workundated, 1938-1939request_box
  Contains some German.   
  Form letter from Mrs. Benjamin Spitzer, Chair, Committee on Naturalization and Citizenship.January 15, 1938
  

They are sending the addressee a copy of the manual "Making Americans" by Razovsky. It seems like it's being sent to chairs of naturalization chairs of the NCJW.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
36Form letter from Mrs. Benjamin Spitzer, Chair, Committee on Naturalization and Citizenship.January 15, 1938request_box
  

They are sending the addressee a copy of the manual "Making Americans" by Razovsky. It seems like it's being sent to chairs of naturalization chairs of the NCJW.

 
  "National Coordinating Committee and Cooperating Agencies Throughout the United States, Statistical Statement - July 1938"July 1938
36"National Coordinating Committee and Cooperating Agencies Throughout the United States, Statistical Statement - July 1938"July 1938request_box
  Copy of a letter from Elsa (?) to Razovsky.August 9, 1938
  

Elsa is Secretary of the NCJW.

36Copy of a letter from Elsa (?) to Razovsky.August 9, 1938request_box
  

Elsa is Secretary of the NCJW.

 
  Pages 3 and 4 of a report by Razovsky.undated
36Pages 3 and 4 of a report by Razovsky.undatedrequest_box
  "Memorandum Regarding Dollar for Dollar Agreement with Joint Relief Committee for Havana, Cuba," by Razovsky.November 7, 1938
36"Memorandum Regarding Dollar for Dollar Agreement with Joint Relief Committee for Havana, Cuba," by Razovsky.November 7, 1938request_box
  Memo from Razovsky, National Coordinating Committee, to Dr. Kohs.November 10, 1938
  

Memo is crossed out in pencil. Concerns a meeting with Thatcher Winslow and Mr. Lassite(?)

36Memo from Razovsky, National Coordinating Committee, to Dr. Kohs.November 10, 1938request_box
  

Memo is crossed out in pencil. Concerns a meeting with Thatcher Winslow and Mr. Lassite(?)

 
  "Eye Witness Report of Rescue Activities of JDC at Polish-German Border."November 18, 1938
36"Eye Witness Report of Rescue Activities of JDC at Polish-German Border."November 18, 1938request_box
  Letter from Sophia Nunberg to ?, Rome.November 21, 1938
  

She is a Jewish woman whose son wants to go to the U.S. She is asking questions about how her son would be able to practice medicine in the U.S.

36Letter from Sophia Nunberg to ?, Rome.November 21, 1938request_box
  

She is a Jewish woman whose son wants to go to the U.S. She is asking questions about how her son would be able to practice medicine in the U.S.

 
  Letter from Razovsky, Executive Director of the National Coordinating Committee for aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany, to Stephen Wise.November 22, 1938
  

About a man who is helping Jews come over from Europe (Mr. Epstein, see correspondence).

36Letter from Razovsky, Executive Director of the National Coordinating Committee for aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany, to Stephen Wise.November 22, 1938request_box
  

About a man who is helping Jews come over from Europe (Mr. Epstein, see correspondence).

 
  Collection of case studies illustrating the difficulties of people trying to emigrate.November 30, 1938
36Collection of case studies illustrating the difficulties of people trying to emigrate.November 30, 1938request_box
  Letters and a report from the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee in Paris to Razovsky.December 2, 1938
  

About the situation of Jews in Italy.

36Letters and a report from the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee in Paris to Razovsky.December 2, 1938request_box
  

About the situation of Jews in Italy.

 
  Letter from Henry Feibes, MD, to Razovsky.December 21, 1938
  

Written in back, in pen, "I wish you and Dr. Davidson merry Christmas and a happy New Year. No lady will ever be able to reward you for your work, but I thank you nevertheless. Cordially yours, Emilia Feibes and Annemarie Feibes"

36Letter from Henry Feibes, MD, to Razovsky.December 21, 1938request_box
  

Written in back, in pen, "I wish you and Dr. Davidson merry Christmas and a happy New Year. No lady will ever be able to reward you for your work, but I thank you nevertheless. Cordially yours, Emilia Feibes and Annemarie Feibes"

 
  Copy of a chart listing the annual quota and waiting time for Czechoslovakia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, and Syria.December 1938
36Copy of a chart listing the annual quota and waiting time for Czechoslovakia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, and Syria.December 1938request_box
  Copy of a report from the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee about getting visas for Peru.January 10, 1939
  1 page.
36Copy of a report from the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee about getting visas for Peru.January 10, 1939request_box
  1 page. 
  Letter (German) and translation from the Hapag Lloyd Agency, Guatemala, to Mr. Luis Clasing, Havana.January 21, 1939
  

About the difficulties of emigrating to British Honduras and Cuba.

36Letter (German) and translation from the Hapag Lloyd Agency, Guatemala, to Mr. Luis Clasing, Havana.January 21, 1939request_box
  

About the difficulties of emigrating to British Honduras and Cuba.

 
  Charts on estimated waits for emigrants coming from various countries, with minimum amounts of money needed for deposit (for each person to leave? or to come to the U.S.?).May 20, 1938-January 31, 1939
36Charts on estimated waits for emigrants coming from various countries, with minimum amounts of money needed for deposit (for each person to leave? or to come to the U.S.?).May 20, 1938-January 31, 1939request_box
  "Outline for Summaries to be Referred to the Resettlement Division of the NCC".February 7, 1939
36"Outline for Summaries to be Referred to the Resettlement Division of the NCC".February 7, 1939request_box
  Information about emigrating to Panama by the National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany.March 13, 1939
36Information about emigrating to Panama by the National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany.March 13, 1939request_box
  Information about emigrating to Greece.March 24, 1939
36Information about emigrating to Greece.March 24, 1939request_box
  Letter from Comite International Pour Le Placement Des Intellectuels Refugies to Razovsky.April 3, 1939
  

About emigrating to Switzerland.

36Letter from Comite International Pour Le Placement Des Intellectuels Refugies to Razovsky.April 3, 1939request_box
  

About emigrating to Switzerland.

 
  Memo from Augusta Mayerson, N.Y. Section of NCJW, Service for Foreign Born.April 19, 1939
  

About a meeting of the Committee on Mentally Sick.

36Memo from Augusta Mayerson, N.Y. Section of NCJW, Service for Foreign Born.April 19, 1939request_box
  

About a meeting of the Committee on Mentally Sick.

 
  "Refuge for Refugees - Where?," notes on the talk given by Razovsky.April 26, 1939
36"Refuge for Refugees - Where?," notes on the talk given by Razovsky.April 26, 1939request_box
  Letter from Julius Seligsohn of the Hilfsverein der Juden in Deutschland, to Razovsky.May 19, 1939
  In German.
  

Translation attached.

36Letter from Julius Seligsohn of the Hilfsverein der Juden in Deutschland, to Razovsky.May 19, 1939request_box
  

Translation attached.

In German. 
 
  Abstract of a report received by the NCC on the Movement for the Care of Children from Germany.May 18, 1939
36Abstract of a report received by the NCC on the Movement for the Care of Children from Germany.May 18, 1939request_box
  Letter from the Jewish Refugee Committee, Manila, to Razovsky.May 23, 1939
  

About emigrating to the Philippines.

36Letter from the Jewish Refugee Committee, Manila, to Razovsky.May 23, 1939request_box
  

About emigrating to the Philippines.

 
  Form letter from Joseph Chamberlain, Chairman of the NCC.June 15, 1939
  

About the S.S. St. Louis.

36Form letter from Joseph Chamberlain, Chairman of the NCC.June 15, 1939request_box
  

About the S.S. St. Louis.

 
  Packet of information on emigrating to the Philippines from Razovsky to all Cooperating Agencies.June 28, 1939
  

Includes the text of the National Refugee Service letter (See Item #23.)

36Packet of information on emigrating to the Philippines from Razovsky to all Cooperating Agencies.June 28, 1939request_box
  

Includes the text of the National Refugee Service letter (See Item #23.)

 
  Copy of a memo from the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America, to Dr. William Haber, Director of the National Refugee Service, Inc.undated
  

About the activities of the National Refugee Service.

36Copy of a memo from the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society of America, to Dr. William Haber, Director of the National Refugee Service, Inc.undatedrequest_box
  

About the activities of the National Refugee Service.

 
  Memo from National Refugee Service.October 30, 1939
  

About emigrating to Guatemala and the conditions of the refugees there.

36Memo from National Refugee Service.October 30, 1939request_box
  

About emigrating to Guatemala and the conditions of the refugees there.

 
  Letter from Razovsky, National Refugee Service to Morris Troper, American Joint Distribution Committee.November 15, 1939
  

About the activities of American Jews to get their German relatives to England temporarily.

36Letter from Razovsky, National Refugee Service to Morris Troper, American Joint Distribution Committee.November 15, 1939request_box
  

About the activities of American Jews to get their German relatives to England temporarily.

 
  Letter, "Concerning the Progress of his Daughter," by A. Hyman.undated
  

It seems like his daughter was sent to a foster home in the U.S. and is thriving.

36Letter, "Concerning the Progress of his Daughter," by A. Hyman.undatedrequest_box
  

It seems like his daughter was sent to a foster home in the U.S. and is thriving.

 
  Clipping, "Blind Refugees are Heartened by Helen Keller," author and source unknown.undated
  

Keller expressed sympathy for the blind and deaf Jews in Europe. Fanny Hurst was at the lecture.

36Clipping, "Blind Refugees are Heartened by Helen Keller," author and source unknown.undatedrequest_box
  

Keller expressed sympathy for the blind and deaf Jews in Europe. Fanny Hurst was at the lecture.

 
  Blank Affidavit of Support for American citizens who are pledging to support relatives coming over on the Cunard White Star Limited.undated
36Blank Affidavit of Support for American citizens who are pledging to support relatives coming over on the Cunard White Star Limited.undatedrequest_box
  Blank questionnaire for the Greater New York Coordinating Committee, (Lebenslauf fuer Resettlement)undated
  In German.
  

Asks about relatives in America, which languages the person speaks, how good her/his English is, and about Sabbath observance.

36Blank questionnaire for the Greater New York Coordinating Committee, (Lebenslauf fuer Resettlement)undatedrequest_box
  

Asks about relatives in America, which languages the person speaks, how good her/his English is, and about Sabbath observance.

In German. 
 
36Blank application for relief from the National Refugee Service.undatedrequest_box
36Copy of the procedures for Italian refugees to immigrate to the U.S.undatedrequest_box
  Blank form in German.undated
36Blank form in German.undatedrequest_box
  Blank form, card in German.undated
36Blank form, card in German.undatedrequest_box
37St. Louis Incidentundated, 1939, 1961, 1967request_box
  

(See also item in oversized folder).

Contains some German and Spanish. 
 
  Newsclipping, "Die Reise der St. Louis," from Judische Welt-Rundshau.1939
  In German.
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
37Newsclipping, "Die Reise der St. Louis," from Judische Welt-Rundshau.1939request_box
  In German.   
  Letter from Joseph P. Chamberlain, Chairman of National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany to "friends."June 15, 1939
  

Chamberlain gives a background of what has transpired and the current situation.

37Letter from Joseph P. Chamberlain, Chairman of National Coordinating Committee for Aid to Refugees and Emigrants Coming from Germany to "friends."June 15, 1939request_box
  

Chamberlain gives a background of what has transpired and the current situation.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Selma W. Basker, National Council of Jewish Women in Miami, FL.July 10, 1939
  

Razovsky is busy writing to relatives of passengers who are requesting that their bond money be returned. She is informing them that bond money will also be needed if the passengers return to Europe.

37Copy of letter from Razovsky to Selma W. Basker, National Council of Jewish Women in Miami, FL.July 10, 1939request_box
  

Razovsky is busy writing to relatives of passengers who are requesting that their bond money be returned. She is informing them that bond money will also be needed if the passengers return to Europe.

 
  Memo by Razovsky, "Memorandum with Regard to the Steamer St. Louis while in the Port of Havana, Cuba, 1937."1937, September 1961
37Memo by Razovsky, "Memorandum with Regard to the Steamer St. Louis while in the Port of Havana, Cuba, 1937."1937, September 1961request_box
  Letter from S.L. Shniederman to Razovsky.October 6, 1961
  

He received her memorandum and will be writing a story for the Day-Jewish Journal. Attached is a copy of a letter from Razovsky to Schniederman thanking him for his letter and his enclosed first installment of his Yiddish article.

37Letter from S.L. Shniederman to Razovsky.October 6, 1961request_box
  

He received her memorandum and will be writing a story for the Day-Jewish Journal. Attached is a copy of a letter from Razovsky to Schniederman thanking him for his letter and his enclosed first installment of his Yiddish article.

 
  Newsclipping, "When America Failed," from Heritage.October 6, 1961 and November 30, 1967
37Newsclipping, "When America Failed," from Heritage.October 6, 1961 and November 30, 1967request_box
  Reprint from While Six Million Died, "Voyage to Doom," by Arthur D. Morse.1967
  2 copies.
  

(See Item In Oversized Folder OS1.)

37Reprint from While Six Million Died, "Voyage to Doom," by Arthur D. Morse.1967request_box
  

(See Item In Oversized Folder OS1.)

2 copies.
 
  Annual report voting card, addressed to Westchester County Coordinating Committee for Emigres, White Plains, N.Y.undated
37Annual report voting card, addressed to Westchester County Coordinating Committee for Emigres, White Plains, N.Y.undatedrequest_box
  "Reminiscing," by Razovsky.undated
  4 pages.
  

A manuscript of her experiences with S.S. St. Louis.

37"Reminiscing," by Razovsky.undatedrequest_box
  

A manuscript of her experiences with S.S. St. Louis.

4 pages.
 
  "Reminiscing," by Razovsky.undated
  1 page.
  

A manuscript of her experiences with S.S. St. Louis.

37"Reminiscing," by Razovsky.undatedrequest_box
  

A manuscript of her experiences with S.S. St. Louis.

1 page.
 
  Newsclipping, "How the West Doomed Fleeing Jews," by Razovsky.undated
  

[An edited version of #9 and #10.]

37Newsclipping, "How the West Doomed Fleeing Jews," by Razovsky.undatedrequest_box
  

[An edited version of #9 and #10.]

 
  Newsclipping, "907 Refugees Quit Cuba on Liner; Ship Reported Hovering Off Coast"undated
  

New York Times

37Newsclipping, "907 Refugees Quit Cuba on Liner; Ship Reported Hovering Off Coast"undatedrequest_box
  

New York Times

 
  "A la Habna Ha Llegado Un Barco...," by Antonio Ortegaundated
  In Spanish.
37"A la Habna Ha Llegado Un Barco...," by Antonio Ortegaundatedrequest_box
  In Spanish.   
38St. Louis Incident Newspaper ClippingsJune 1939request_box
  

Folder consists of news clippings in Spanish from various newspapers.

Contains Spanish. 
 
Return to the Top of Page
 

Series IV: National Refugee Service, undated, 1939-1945

English, German, and Spanish.
Boxes 4 and 5.
Arrangement:

Folders are arranged by subject

Scope and Content:

In June 1939, the National Coordinating Committee was merged into a new organization called the National Refugee Service. The NRS centralized and expanded refugee efforts, adding additional departments. Razovsky served as Director of the Migration Department of NRS and later as Assistant to Executive Director.

This series contains a wide variety of material pertaining to refugee relief. Types of formats include affidavits, application forms, articles, biographical statements of detainees, correspondence, memorandum, passenger lists, visa application lists, detainees lists, minutes, news clippings, reports, telegrams, and trust agreements.

Box 4, Folders 1-3 concern the Capital Loan Committee, of which Razovsky was a member. The Capital Loan Committee began to function on October 15, 1939 and was a successor to the Rosenwald Capital Outlay Fund of the National Coordinating Committee. Loans, granted from funds from the American Joint Reconstruction Foundation, a subsidiary of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, financed businesses' and individuals' vocational training. Material consists of agendas and meeting minutes that are composed of detailed loan applications and reports. Minutes include the name of the applicant, case history, and amount loaned. Among the types of proposals are farms, clothing manufacture and retailing, theatrical productions, musicians and actor training, scholars, student scholarships, cosmetic manufacturing, boarding houses, and physician and dentist practices. For a detailed description of the Capital Loan Committee, see the report attached to a cover letter dated February 16, 1940 (see Folder 2). The report dated December 31, 1939, written to the American Joint Reconstruction Foundation, describes the Capital Loan Committee activities, statistics, purpose of loans, and type of loans.

Plans and negotiations to establish a refugee haven proposed by General Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic are contained in folders 4 and 5. NRS assisted the Dominican Republic Settlement Association (DORSA), an agency created and sponsored by the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Folders 4 and 5 contain reports, correspondence, telegrams, news clippings, meeting minutes, trust agreements, articles, passenger lists, visa application lists, and blank application forms. The progress of this project is well represented, from the beginning geographic, historical, and demographic research on the Dominican Republic, to the debate over refugee selection, the negotiation and cancellation by the Dominican Republic regarding temporary asylum, and Italy's refusal to issue transit visas, thus cutting off the route to the Dominican Republic. The main figures in the negotiations are Razovsky, Director of the Migration Department and William Haber, Executive Director of NRS, James N. Rosenberg, President and Rebecca Hourwich Reyher, Executive Secretary of DORSA, General Rafael Trujillo, and George L. Warren, Executive Secretary of the President's Advisory Committee on Political Refugees. Folder 4 includes applications made to DORSA and NRS by refugees' relatives, many of them prominent Americans, for temporary asylum in the Dominican Republic. An April 13, 1940 article from The Nation, titled "Caribbean Refuge," by Freda Kirchwey, theorizes as to why Trujillo is so eager to have Jewish refugees (see Folder 5). Rosenberg's letters to Joseph A. Rosen, DORSA Vice-President, dated May 23 and May 27, 1940, regard a Mr. Moreno who is bootlegging Dominican visas (see Folder 5). "A report to the Trustees of the Maintenance Trust Agreement Account in New York," dated September 2, 1941 lists statistics, financial statement, a list of sponsors, and a copy of the final maintenance trust agreement (see Folder 5).

Material on a proposed relocation and settlement plan in 1939 on the Isle of Pines Estate in Cuba is in Folder 6. It includes a letter dated November 29, 1939 from Edwin C. Jones, Public Relations Counselor for the Isle of Pines Trust Estate to Frances Taussig, Jewish Social Service Association asking for her reaction to the project; a detailed report on the project; an interviewer's form, an application, and a memorandum of agreement.

Folder 7 focuses on Jews interned at Detention Centers in Seagoville, Texas; Camp Kennedy, Texas; Camp McAlester, Oklahoma; and Camp Forrest, Tennessee. Many of the Jews were interned in Panama; some were under the jurisdiction of the British government having been interned in Honduras. In February 1943, several internees were transferred to Camp Algiers, Louisiana, others received interim parole, and the British subjects were returned to Honduras. Folder 7 includes lists of detainees in various camps, including whole families with very young children. The majority of items in the folder are detailed biographical statements made by individual internees. In addition, correspondence concerns descriptions of Panama's political anti-Semitism, the release of the Jews from British Honduras, and the low morale of the detainees in Camp Algiers, LA.

Folder 8 contains reports and memos Razovsky wrote to Albert Abrahamson, NRS Executive Director. Razovsky reported on NRS monthly statistics and her visits to the Department of Justice and State Department in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C. Subjects of these reports include individual cases, recent immigration legislation, refugees interned in U.S. camps, and the Jewish Cultural Activities Committee.

Box 5, Folder 1 contains correspondence, memorandum, and reports concerning relief work conducted by NRS from 1939-1940. A significant amount of material pertains to refugee children. Correspondence between Razovsky; Luiza Klabin Lorch from the Liga Feminina in São Paulo, Brazil; and Kaete Rosenheim from the Reichvereinigung der Juden in Deitschland in Berlin, Germany center upon Rosenheim's search for escape avenues for refugee children. Razovsky sends her information describing the proposed Sosua Estate in the Dominican Republic, looks into the Philippines as a possible option, and refers her to Lorch, who is appealing to a reluctant Brazilian government to accept refugee children. Additional correspondence includes a letter dated July 30, 1940, in which Lorch describes Liga Feminina and the children's home established in São Paulo to Mrs. Louis Feigenblatt, who is trying to start a women's organization in Costa Rica.

The general refugee situation in Central and South America is also discussed in Box 5, Folder 1. A report of the SS Quanza incident (see September 16, 1940) describes how the ship was turned away from Mexico despite the fact its one hundred passengers carried permanent or transit visas. A detailed immigration report on Mexico's policies is dated October 30, 1939. Frederick W. Borchardt and Adolfo Hirsch issued additional reports on refugee situations in Buenos Aires, Chile, Bolivia, and Uruguay (see summary dated May 26, 1940). The occasional "cold shoulder" the U.S. Consul in Bolivia shows to refugees is discussed in a letter from the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee in La Pax, Bolivia, dated August 23, 1940.

Razovsky's personal and family requests in Box 5, Folder 1 consist of a memo dated July 26, 1940, from William Haber, promoting Razovsky from Director of Migration Department to Assistant to the Executive Director. Dr. Davidson's surgery is mentioned in letters dated May 8, 1940 and July 9, 1940. Razovsky forwards the affidavit of her cousin Jacques Zatvan in Paris, France to the American Consul in Paris (May 9, 1940). She later encloses affidavits for Dr. Davidson's two sisters in the U.S.S.R. (December 6, 1940).

Additional items of interest in Box 5, Folder 1 include a Migration Department report, dated October 1939; memos assigning HIAS, NCJW and NRS' specific immigration activities (see January 6, 1940 and January 15, 1940); minutes from NCJW, New York section, dated August 28, 1940 discussing individual immigrant cases; a report, "On the European Refugees in Shanghai" dated April 1940; and a NRS memo in December 1940 concerning illegal immigration cases.

Box 5, Folder 2 contains correspondence, memorandum and reports pertaining to relief work NRS conducted from 1940-1945 and includes Razovsky's negotiations with her superiors and eventual resignation as Assistant to the Executive Director of NRS. The relief work focuses on efforts to amend immigration and naturalization laws in order to assist refugees in the United States who have been admitted on a temporary status (see report dated December 1940, and letter dated March 6, 1941). The surrounding issues include visa rejection hearings (see memo and attached report dated January 21, 1942 and report dated February 18, 1942), pre-examinations at Ellis Island (see letter dated February 4, 1942 and memo dated January 8, 1943), changes in procedures to facilitate the naturalization and visa application process (see report dated February 11, 1942, memo dated November 5, 1942, and letter dated December 18, 1942), illegal immigrants (see memo dated March 2, 1943), and deportation (see tables dated January 13, 1943 and report dated May 17, 1943). Reports and memos describe the need for refugees to change their temporary status and provide case studies (see report dated March 23, 1943 and two reports undated).

Razovsky's resignation from NRS in June 1943 was the result of new leadership and reorganization within NRS. Faced with a 30% cut in salary and surrender of control with her new title as "Consultant," Razovsky handed in her resignation letter April 15, 1943. A letter from new Executive Director Albert Abrahamson on July 8, 1941 outlines her responsibilities as Assistant to Executive Director. Her proposed new duties are discussed in letters dated December 28, 1942, January 8, 1943, and January 12, 1943. A negotiation of her resignation date, put off until June 15, 1943 is documented in letters dated May 3, 1943, May 4, 1943, May 4, 1943, and May 12, 1943. Concurrently, Razovsky was preparing for her next step. She asks A.M. Warren, Chief Visa Division writing from the Dominican Republic, to write her a recommendation letter for Governor Lehman's organization (see letters dated March 18, 1943 and April 2, 1943). Governor Lehman's organization, later called the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), hired Razovsky to teach two sessions at their training center (see letters dated July 7, 1944, July 14, 1944, and July 18, 1944). Reference can be made to an undated memo describing the "functions of Lehman Commission."

Additional items of interest in Box 5, Folder 2 include a letter A.M. Warren, Chief Visa Division wrote to Razovsky on March 24, 1941 concerning the immigration cases of her brother-in-law and his family. A fascinating story is reported on April 21, 1941 regarding the Duke of Wurtemburg, now called Father Odo, and his assistant Walter Furnberg who ran an underground railway for refugees before escaping to the U.S. They were currently trying to open a refugee colony in Ecuador. Other items consist of 1941-1942 caseload statistics for the Westchester County Coordinating Committee for Emigres in White Plains, N.Y. (see letter dated November 27, 1942); thank you letters from clients to Razovsky (see dates June 15, 1943 and January 24, 1944); and a report from the Jewish Central Information Office in London describing the status of Jewish refugees in England (see report dated January 1945).

Box 5, Folder 3 centers upon the policies the American government held towards "enemy aliens." In August 1941, three months before Pearl Harbor, Professor Joseph P. Chamberlain, NRS Chairman, prepared memoranda in response to several meetings with immigration officials. Two memorandum, unauthored and undated, occupy Folder 3. The first details recommendations for the treatment of different classes of "enemy aliens," the second provides a background into the procedures and a history of the U.S. government "enemy alien" policies affecting Japanese, German, and Italian refugees. [See also Box 4, Folder 8.]

See also: Series III: NCC; Series V: AJDC/UNRRA; and Series VIII: United HIAS Service for immigration to South America.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
41National Refugee Service - Capital Loan CommitteeOctober-December 1939request_box
  

Consists of agenda and meeting minutes for the Capital Loan Committee. Meeting minutes involve business and individual loan applications and reports. A cover letter (in Folder 2) dated February 16, 1940 includes a report to the American Joint Reconstruction Foundation dated December 31, 1939. The report describes the activities of the Capital Loan Committee in detail.

 
42National Refugee Service - Capital Loan CommitteeJanuary-February 1940request_box
  

Consists of agenda and meeting minutes for the Capital Loan Committee. Meeting minutes involve business and individual loan applications and reports. A cover letter (in Folder 2) dated February 16, 1940 includes a report to the American Joint Reconstruction Foundation dated December 31, 1939. The report describes the activities of the Capital Loan Committee in detail.

 
43National Refugee Service - Capital Loan CommitteeMarch-June 1940, December 1941request_box
  

Consists of agenda and meeting minutes for the Capital Loan Committee. Meeting minutes involve business and individual loan applications and reports. A cover letter (in Folder 2) dated February 16, 1940 includes a report to the American Joint Reconstruction Foundation dated December 31, 1939. The report describes the activities of the Capital Loan Committee in detail.

 
44Dominican Republic - Settlement at Sosua Iundated, 1939-1940request_box
  Memo to Mr. [James N.] Rosenberg from Mrs. [Rebecca Hourwich] Reyher, Re: Dominican Republic - A Brief Economic Report.December 9, 1939
  

Imports, exports, report of National City Bank Specialists.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
44Memo to Mr. [James N.] Rosenberg from Mrs. [Rebecca Hourwich] Reyher, Re: Dominican Republic - A Brief Economic Report.December 9, 1939request_box
  

Imports, exports, report of National City Bank Specialists.

 
  Report from Michael Bodkin (ed. by Reyher) to James Rosenberg.undated
  27 typed pages.
  

Mainly a history of Santo Domingo, 1492-1939.

44Report from Michael Bodkin (ed. by Reyher) to James Rosenberg.undatedrequest_box
  

Mainly a history of Santo Domingo, 1492-1939.

27 typed pages.
 
  Report from William Haber, National Refugee Service, to James Rosenberg.January 9, 1940
  

Memorandum regarding selection of refugees for settlement in the Dominican Republic. Look for people from the temporary residents in the U.S. - those on temporary visas who can't return to Europe. And on selection of refugees from other countries. England: "there are a large number of refugees, mostly men under thirty two years of age, attractive, strong, healthy, active." And various other countries where young men and women are being trained in trades.

44Report from William Haber, National Refugee Service, to James Rosenberg.January 9, 1940request_box
  

Memorandum regarding selection of refugees for settlement in the Dominican Republic. Look for people from the temporary residents in the U.S. - those on temporary visas who can't return to Europe. And on selection of refugees from other countries. England: "there are a large number of refugees, mostly men under thirty two years of age, attractive, strong, healthy, active." And various other countries where young men and women are being trained in trades.

 
  Notes on luncheon discussion at Town Hall Club, on the Selection of Settlers for the Dominican Republic.January 25, 1940
  

Attached to letter from George Warren to James Rosenberg.

44Notes on luncheon discussion at Town Hall Club, on the Selection of Settlers for the Dominican Republic.January 25, 1940request_box
  

Attached to letter from George Warren to James Rosenberg.

 
  Booklet, "Concerning Refugee Settlement in the Dominican Republic," a meeting at the Town Hall Club, N.Y.C.January 30, 1940 and February 15, 1940
  

Including full text of the agreement, ratified by the Dominican Congress.

44Booklet, "Concerning Refugee Settlement in the Dominican Republic," a meeting at the Town Hall Club, N.Y.C.January 30, 1940 and February 15, 1940request_box
  

Including full text of the agreement, ratified by the Dominican Congress.

 
  "Selection of Settlers for the Dominican Project," Dr. Joseph A. Rosen.February 20, 1940
  

Young people, preferably single, trained to do agricultural or at least physical work. First group may have more men than women. People who are strong, healthy and of good character.

44"Selection of Settlers for the Dominican Project," Dr. Joseph A. Rosen.February 20, 1940request_box
  

Young people, preferably single, trained to do agricultural or at least physical work. First group may have more men than women. People who are strong, healthy and of good character.

 
  Requirements for immigrants from Central Europe to Dominican Republic.undated
  

Passport, $500 for each adult (males over 16 and females over 18), $50.00 for transportation company, reimbursed on arrival, vaccination certificate, annual tax of $6.00. $500 tax "applies to all persons of the Semitic race - whether entering the country as immigrants or not - excepting those who shall have been established (settled) continuously during the three years prior to March 10, 1939 in countries or territories of the American Continent."

44Requirements for immigrants from Central Europe to Dominican Republic.undatedrequest_box
  

Passport, $500 for each adult (males over 16 and females over 18), $50.00 for transportation company, reimbursed on arrival, vaccination certificate, annual tax of $6.00. $500 tax "applies to all persons of the Semitic race - whether entering the country as immigrants or not - excepting those who shall have been established (settled) continuously during the three years prior to March 10, 1939 in countries or territories of the American Continent."

 
  "Temporary Asylum for Refugees Awaiting Visas to the United States"March 19, 1940
  

Attached to memo from Razovsky to William Haber, with supplementary information. $500 head tax has been abolished.

44"Temporary Asylum for Refugees Awaiting Visas to the United States"March 19, 1940request_box
  

Attached to memo from Razovsky to William Haber, with supplementary information. $500 head tax has been abolished.

 
  Report on details of the Dominican agreement.April 8, 1940
  2 pages.
44Report on details of the Dominican agreement.April 8, 1940request_box
  2 pages. 
  Excerpt from a letter regarding the cost of putting up barracks in Sosua and the cost of keeping people in them.April 10, 1940
44Excerpt from a letter regarding the cost of putting up barracks in Sosua and the cost of keeping people in them.April 10, 1940request_box
  "Plan for Temporary Asylum in the Dominican Republic."April 12, 1940
  

Dealing with the category of immigrants they'll take, the money involved, etc.

44"Plan for Temporary Asylum in the Dominican Republic."April 12, 1940request_box
  

Dealing with the category of immigrants they'll take, the money involved, etc.

 
  Report generally summarizing the project.April 12, 1940
  3 pages.
44Report generally summarizing the project.April 12, 1940request_box
  3 pages. 
  Applications made to the Dominican Republic Settlement Association for Temporary Asylum of Refugees.April 15, 1940
44Applications made to the Dominican Republic Settlement Association for Temporary Asylum of Refugees.April 15, 1940request_box
  Applications made to the National Refugee Service, Inc. for the Admission of Refugees for Temporary Asylum into the Dominican Republic.April 15, 1940
44Applications made to the National Refugee Service, Inc. for the Admission of Refugees for Temporary Asylum into the Dominican Republic.April 15, 1940request_box
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to James Rosenberg.April 15, 1940
  

On the requests coming from prominent Americans asking for their relatives to be admitted to Sosua. Names include: Judge Joseph Proskauer, Richard Goldman (of Goldman and Sachs), son of Julius Rosenwald, Governor Herbert Lehman, etc., all with short bios and guarantees of their wealth (ability to support relatives).

44Copy of letter from Razovsky to James Rosenberg.April 15, 1940request_box
  

On the requests coming from prominent Americans asking for their relatives to be admitted to Sosua. Names include: Judge Joseph Proskauer, Richard Goldman (of Goldman and Sachs), son of Julius Rosenwald, Governor Herbert Lehman, etc., all with short bios and guarantees of their wealth (ability to support relatives).

 
  Minutes of the Third Meeting of the Dominican Republic Settlement Association.April 15, 1940
44Minutes of the Third Meeting of the Dominican Republic Settlement Association.April 15, 1940request_box
  Copy of general statement describing project and procedures for applying.April 18, 1940
  2 copies.
44Copy of general statement describing project and procedures for applying.April 18, 1940request_box
  2 copies. 
  Opportunities for Trainees Offered by the Dominican Republic Settlement Association.April 30, 1940
  3 copies.
44Opportunities for Trainees Offered by the Dominican Republic Settlement Association.April 30, 1940request_box
  3 copies. 
  Procedure in the Matter of Dominican Republic Applications for Temporary Asylum.May 13, 1940
  2 copies
44Procedure in the Matter of Dominican Republic Applications for Temporary Asylum.May 13, 1940request_box
  2 copies 
  2nd proof of Maintenance Trust Agreement in respect of immigration into the Dominican Republic.May 17, 1940
442nd proof of Maintenance Trust Agreement in respect of immigration into the Dominican Republic.May 17, 1940request_box
  Bulletin on Dominican Republic Italian Steamer Nuptunia Situation.May 22, 1940
  

Italian government refuses to give German Jews transit visas. Attached to various telegrams and letters with info on status of various people's visas.

44Bulletin on Dominican Republic Italian Steamer Nuptunia Situation.May 22, 1940request_box
  

Italian government refuses to give German Jews transit visas. Attached to various telegrams and letters with info on status of various people's visas.

 
45Dominican Republic - Settlement at Sosua IIundated, 1939-1940request_box
  Contains some German and Spanish.   
  Clipping, "Dominican Haven Set Up for Exiles," from Times (New York, probably).January 31, 1940
  

500 families are to be let in immediately, with plans for a total of 100,000 people.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
45Clipping, "Dominican Haven Set Up for Exiles," from Times (New York, probably).January 31, 1940request_box
  

500 families are to be let in immediately, with plans for a total of 100,000 people.

 
  Clipping, "Trujillo Grants Refugees Rights," also probably from the New York Times.February 13, 1940
  

That the immigrants would have full rights, would be able to live free of persecution or molestation.

45Clipping, "Trujillo Grants Refugees Rights," also probably from the New York Times.February 13, 1940request_box
  

That the immigrants would have full rights, would be able to live free of persecution or molestation.

 
  Letter from George L. Warren, President's Advisory Committee on Political Refugees to Razovsky, enclosing two copies of a "Plan for Temporary Asylum in the Dominican Republic."April 4, 1940
  

Includes list of five kinds of refugees who will be given consideration. Attached to one version is page 28 of a document about admitting refugees into England.

45Letter from George L. Warren, President's Advisory Committee on Political Refugees to Razovsky, enclosing two copies of a "Plan for Temporary Asylum in the Dominican Republic."April 4, 1940request_box
  

Includes list of five kinds of refugees who will be given consideration. Attached to one version is page 28 of a document about admitting refugees into England.

 
  Letter from William Haber, Executive Director, National Refugee Service to James N. Rosenberg.April 8, 1940
  Three copies (one copy is a rough draft).
  

Letter suggests that a bank system like the one that worked in England be set up for relatives' deposits. Attached is a memo from Razovsky to Haber with recommendations for relatives in the U.S.

45Letter from William Haber, Executive Director, National Refugee Service to James N. Rosenberg.April 8, 1940request_box
  

Letter suggests that a bank system like the one that worked in England be set up for relatives' deposits. Attached is a memo from Razovsky to Haber with recommendations for relatives in the U.S.

Three copies (one copy is a rough draft).
 
  Letter from subcommittee of the Dominican Republic Association to James Rosenberg.April 10, 1940
  2 copies.
  

Recommendations of the subcommittee on the selection of refugees.

45Letter from subcommittee of the Dominican Republic Association to James Rosenberg.April 10, 1940request_box
  

Recommendations of the subcommittee on the selection of refugees.

2 copies.
 
  Notes of meetings, of Warren, Razovsky, and others.April 11 and 12, 1940
45Notes of meetings, of Warren, Razovsky, and others.April 11 and 12, 1940request_box
  Article from The Nation. "Caribbean Refuge," Freda Kirchwey, The Nation.April 13, 1940
  

Why does the country want these settlers? Because the dictator, Trujillo, wants a white country, and interestingly, Jews are seen here as white - "Ironically, the bitter race prejudice in the little Caribbean republic crates a haven for victims of a different race prejudice in the Reich. Jews are white, they are Europeans; they will bring energy and higher standards of life and better ways of doing things. They will mingle, eventually, with the population, increasing the precious proportion of white blood." Also they'll bring money. It'll give them political clout, as the country that took refugees. Gains him lobbyists in America.

45Article from The Nation. "Caribbean Refuge," Freda Kirchwey, The Nation.April 13, 1940request_box
  

Why does the country want these settlers? Because the dictator, Trujillo, wants a white country, and interestingly, Jews are seen here as white - "Ironically, the bitter race prejudice in the little Caribbean republic crates a haven for victims of a different race prejudice in the Reich. Jews are white, they are Europeans; they will bring energy and higher standards of life and better ways of doing things. They will mingle, eventually, with the population, increasing the precious proportion of white blood." Also they'll bring money. It'll give them political clout, as the country that took refugees. Gains him lobbyists in America.

 
  Reprint of article, "35 Refugees Sail for Dominican Port," New York Times.April 24, 1940
45Reprint of article, "35 Refugees Sail for Dominican Port," New York Times.April 24, 1940request_box
  Rough draft of memorandum by Razovsky with stenographer's notes.May 3, 1940
45Rough draft of memorandum by Razovsky with stenographer's notes.May 3, 1940request_box
  Copy of list of passengers who sailed from Genoa on the "Conte Biancamano," due at Dominican Republic, whose tickets were purchased in the U.S.May 8, 1940
45Copy of list of passengers who sailed from Genoa on the "Conte Biancamano," due at Dominican Republic, whose tickets were purchased in the U.S.May 8, 1940request_box
  Letter to James Rosenberg.April 13, 1940 and May 15, 1940
  

With names of people they (NRS?) want to recommend for Dominican visas.

45Letter to James Rosenberg.April 13, 1940 and May 15, 1940request_box
  

With names of people they (NRS?) want to recommend for Dominican visas.

 
  4th proofs of Maintenance Trust Agreement in respect of immigration into the Dominican RepublicMay 22, 1940
454th proofs of Maintenance Trust Agreement in respect of immigration into the Dominican RepublicMay 22, 1940request_box
  Copy of letters forwarded to Razovsky by H.C. Johnson, President's Advisory Committee.May 23 and May 27, 1940
  

Letters are written by James Rosenberg to Joseph A. Rosen, Vice-President of DORSA. About information he has on a seemingly shady deal where for $300, a man can get visas to the Dominican Republic. "Here we are... working hard to prevent the wrong kind of people from getting into the Dominican Republic and particularly to prevent people from coming to the Dominican Republic who might become public charges... I want very much to find [people] refuge if they are the right kind of people, but his bootlegging of people into the Dominican Republic in the way I have described above is a dangerous and bad business from many points of view."

45Copy of letters forwarded to Razovsky by H.C. Johnson, President's Advisory Committee.May 23 and May 27, 1940request_box
  

Letters are written by James Rosenberg to Joseph A. Rosen, Vice-President of DORSA. About information he has on a seemingly shady deal where for $300, a man can get visas to the Dominican Republic. "Here we are... working hard to prevent the wrong kind of people from getting into the Dominican Republic and particularly to prevent people from coming to the Dominican Republic who might become public charges... I want very much to find [people] refuge if they are the right kind of people, but his bootlegging of people into the Dominican Republic in the way I have described above is a dangerous and bad business from many points of view."

 
  Memo from Razovsky to Professional Staff, Migration Department.June 14, 1940
  

The present status is that they are trying to get the Dominican Republic to reconsider their present decision to stop visas for temporary asylum.

45Memo from Razovsky to Professional Staff, Migration Department.June 14, 1940request_box
  

The present status is that they are trying to get the Dominican Republic to reconsider their present decision to stop visas for temporary asylum.

 
  Form letter from Razovsky giving U.S. relatives of potential refugees the regulations for getting their relatives out and into the Dominican Republic.undated
45Form letter from Razovsky giving U.S. relatives of potential refugees the regulations for getting their relatives out and into the Dominican Republic.undatedrequest_box
  Packet of telegramsJune 1940
45Packet of telegramsJune 1940request_box
  Blank applications.undated
  In English, Spanish, and German.
  

a. For settlers wanting to go to the Dominican Republic. b. For trainees for Dominican Republic.

45Blank applications.undatedrequest_box
  

a. For settlers wanting to go to the Dominican Republic. b. For trainees for Dominican Republic.

In English, Spanish, and German. 
 
  "Trujillo Extends Refugee Asylum," New York TimesJune 18, 1940
45"Trujillo Extends Refugee Asylum," New York TimesJune 18, 1940request_box
  Letter from Razovsky to Professor Joseph Chamberlain.June 19, 1940
  

Attached to various telegrams about status of refugees. About stoppage of visas, etc.

45Letter from Razovsky to Professor Joseph Chamberlain.June 19, 1940request_box
  

Attached to various telegrams about status of refugees. About stoppage of visas, etc.

 
  Maintenance Trust Agreement in Respect of Immigration into the Dominican Republic, Final Proof.June 26, 1940
45Maintenance Trust Agreement in Respect of Immigration into the Dominican Republic, Final Proof.June 26, 1940request_box
  Packet of copies of telegrams concerning granting visas.June 24-27, 1940
  

Attached is a copy of a letter from Rebecca Hourwich Reyher to Augusta Mayerson, NRS. NRS had returned the relatives' checks without informing the Dominican Republic Settlement Association.

45Packet of copies of telegrams concerning granting visas.June 24-27, 1940request_box
  

Attached is a copy of a letter from Rebecca Hourwich Reyher to Augusta Mayerson, NRS. NRS had returned the relatives' checks without informing the Dominican Republic Settlement Association.

 
  Letter from Rehyer to Razovsky.July 16, 1940
  

Razovsky needs to sign the Management Trust Agreement.

45Letter from Rehyer to Razovsky.July 16, 1940request_box
  

Razovsky needs to sign the Management Trust Agreement.

 
  Telegram from Rosenberg to Emerson, Intergovernmental Committee.July 16, 1940
45Telegram from Rosenberg to Emerson, Intergovernmental Committee.July 16, 1940request_box
  Translated from Spanish: "Visa Cancellation for Non-Settlers Immigrants Agreed Between DORSA and the Foreign Office."July 24, 1940
  

Attached to other information about the cancellation of visas.

45Translated from Spanish: "Visa Cancellation for Non-Settlers Immigrants Agreed Between DORSA and the Foreign Office."July 24, 1940request_box
  

Attached to other information about the cancellation of visas.

 
  Data about the most recent immigration regulations in the Dominican Republic.August 9, 1940
45Data about the most recent immigration regulations in the Dominican Republic.August 9, 1940request_box
  Memo from Razovsky to all Department Heads.August 1 and 27, 1940
  

Attached is a statement from the Legation of the Dominican Republic, with its most recent immigration regulations.

45Memo from Razovsky to all Department Heads.August 1 and 27, 1940request_box
  

Attached is a statement from the Legation of the Dominican Republic, with its most recent immigration regulations.

 
  Report to the trustees of the maintenance trust agreement accord in N.Y.September 2, 1941
45Report to the trustees of the maintenance trust agreement accord in N.Y.September 2, 1941request_box
  Memo to Rosenberg from Reyher, "re: Dominican Republic - A Brief Summary Outline of Essential Facts Contained in Report Covering Field Investigations of Settlement Possibilities Existent on Selected Lands in the Dominican Republic."undated
45Memo to Rosenberg from Reyher, "re: Dominican Republic - A Brief Summary Outline of Essential Facts Contained in Report Covering Field Investigations of Settlement Possibilities Existent on Selected Lands in the Dominican Republic."undatedrequest_box
  Report of commission of Hopkins University.undated
  

On general conditions in Dominican Republic.

45Report of commission of Hopkins University.undatedrequest_box
  

On general conditions in Dominican Republic.

 
  Plan for the admission of temporary and permanent residents in the Dominican Republic.undated
45Plan for the admission of temporary and permanent residents in the Dominican Republic.undatedrequest_box
  Clipping, "Dominican Republic to Sign Refugee Pact," taped to National Refugee Service Interoffice Memo.undated
45Clipping, "Dominican Republic to Sign Refugee Pact," taped to National Refugee Service Interoffice Memo.undatedrequest_box
  Application for Temporary Asylum for Dominican Republic.undated
45Application for Temporary Asylum for Dominican Republic.undatedrequest_box
  Application for Permanent Admission into the Dominican Republic (other than settlers).undated
45Application for Permanent Admission into the Dominican Republic (other than settlers).undatedrequest_box
  List of Dominican consulates and addresses.undated
45List of Dominican consulates and addresses.undatedrequest_box
46Isle of Pines1939request_box
  Letter from Edward Hochhauser, Executive Director, Committee for the Care of the Jewish Tuberculosis, to Razovsky.June 9, 1939, June 9 and 12, 1940
  

Telling her that he sent her a copy of a memo which he sent to the Joint discussing his contacts on the Isle of Pines and her brief reply.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
46Letter from Edward Hochhauser, Executive Director, Committee for the Care of the Jewish Tuberculosis, to Razovsky.June 9, 1939, June 9 and 12, 1940request_box
  

Telling her that he sent her a copy of a memo which he sent to the Joint discussing his contacts on the Isle of Pines and her brief reply.

 
  Blank form: "Confidential Report to Isle of Pines Trust Estates."undated
  

Interviewer's personal impression of the applicant, including: personal appearance, facial expression, neatness; health, vigor, physique, carriage; ease in meeting people (friendly or diffident); poise; humor; intelligence - keen, quick mind or slow; any indications of physical or mental disturbances due to recent experiences; probable adaptability to new and unexpected situations; sufficient initiative to maintain himself and family on a self-supporting basis.

46Blank form: "Confidential Report to Isle of Pines Trust Estates."undatedrequest_box
  

Interviewer's personal impression of the applicant, including: personal appearance, facial expression, neatness; health, vigor, physique, carriage; ease in meeting people (friendly or diffident); poise; humor; intelligence - keen, quick mind or slow; any indications of physical or mental disturbances due to recent experiences; probable adaptability to new and unexpected situations; sufficient initiative to maintain himself and family on a self-supporting basis.

 
  Blank form: "Questionnaire - Isle of Pines Trust Estates."undated
  

To be filled out by the applicant.

46Blank form: "Questionnaire - Isle of Pines Trust Estates."undatedrequest_box
  

To be filled out by the applicant.

 
  Letter from Edwin C. Jones, Public Relations Counselor, Isle of Pines Trust Estates, to Miss Frances Taussig, Jewish Social Service Association, Inc.November 29, 1939
  

Describing the Isle of Pines project. Limited number of families on ten-acre farms (300 families).

46Letter from Edwin C. Jones, Public Relations Counselor, Isle of Pines Trust Estates, to Miss Frances Taussig, Jewish Social Service Association, Inc.November 29, 1939request_box
  

Describing the Isle of Pines project. Limited number of families on ten-acre farms (300 families).

 
  Blank Memorandum of Agreement between "Settlers" and "Isle of Pines Trust Estates."undated
  

Buy ten acres of land, with a house and outbuilding, tools, water well and pump, for $2750.00.

46Blank Memorandum of Agreement between "Settlers" and "Isle of Pines Trust Estates."undatedrequest_box
  

Buy ten acres of land, with a house and outbuilding, tools, water well and pump, for $2750.00.

 
  "Isle of Pines Trust Estates' Project for Resettlement on the Beautiful Isle of Pines."undated
  6 typed pages, with illegible handwritten notes attached.
46"Isle of Pines Trust Estates' Project for Resettlement on the Beautiful Isle of Pines."undatedrequest_box
  6 typed pages, with illegible handwritten notes attached. 
47National Refugee Service - Jews Interned at Detention Centersundated, 1939, 1941-1943request_box
  

Contains internees' biographical statements, correspondence regarding obtaining affidavits from relatives, and lists of internees in various camps. Additional documents of significance are noted below.

 
  Copy of letter from Richard Behrendt, Professor at the University of New Mexico to Dr. Ernst Fraenkel, American Federation of Jews from Central Europe.November 23 and 27, 1942
  

Behrendt writes of the political atmosphere in Panama regarding Jewish refugees. Following is Dr. Fraenkel's response to Behrendt and Fraenkel's November 27, 1942 letter to Razovsky.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
47Copy of letter from Richard Behrendt, Professor at the University of New Mexico to Dr. Ernst Fraenkel, American Federation of Jews from Central Europe.November 23 and 27, 1942request_box
  

Behrendt writes of the political atmosphere in Panama regarding Jewish refugees. Following is Dr. Fraenkel's response to Behrendt and Fraenkel's November 27, 1942 letter to Razovsky.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Lee C. Gitlan, Enemy Alien Control Unit, U.S. Department of Justice.February 5, 1943
  

Razovsky gives the history of the refugee internment from Panama; NRS is trying to gather affidavits and statements from relatives.

47Copy of letter from Razovsky to Lee C. Gitlan, Enemy Alien Control Unit, U.S. Department of Justice.February 5, 1943request_box
  

Razovsky gives the history of the refugee internment from Panama; NRS is trying to gather affidavits and statements from relatives.

 
  Field Report, Camp Algiers, New Orleans, Louisiana.February 23, 1943
  

Results of a NRS visit to the immigration quarantine station; morale of refugees. Internees from McAlester, Seagoville, and Camp Kenedy. One couple is from Costa Rica.

47Field Report, Camp Algiers, New Orleans, Louisiana.February 23, 1943request_box
  

Results of a NRS visit to the immigration quarantine station; morale of refugees. Internees from McAlester, Seagoville, and Camp Kenedy. One couple is from Costa Rica.

 
  Copy of letter from Frans R. Dragten, an attorney in Belize, British Honduras to Emery H. Komlos, Refugee Economic Corp.February 26, 1943
  

Dragten writes concerning releasing the refugees interned from British Honduras; attached is a memo from Razovsky enclosing the letter.

47Copy of letter from Frans R. Dragten, an attorney in Belize, British Honduras to Emery H. Komlos, Refugee Economic Corp.February 26, 1943request_box
  

Dragten writes concerning releasing the refugees interned from British Honduras; attached is a memo from Razovsky enclosing the letter.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Edward J. Ennis, Enemy Alien Control Unit, U.S. Department of Justice.March 29, 1943
  2 copies.
  

Razovsky encloses affidavits (not present) and a list of detainees who have documents.

47Copy of letter from Razovsky to Edward J. Ennis, Enemy Alien Control Unit, U.S. Department of Justice.March 29, 1943request_box
  

Razovsky encloses affidavits (not present) and a list of detainees who have documents.

2 copies.
 
  Copy of letter from Dr. Erwin Fraenkel, Spokesman for the Jewish Group Bldg. 13, U.S. Quarantine Station, Algiers, LA to Razovsky.April 7, 1943
  

Fraenkel describes the political aura in Panama that affects individual rights.

47Copy of letter from Dr. Erwin Fraenkel, Spokesman for the Jewish Group Bldg. 13, U.S. Quarantine Station, Algiers, LA to Razovsky.April 7, 1943request_box
  

Fraenkel describes the political aura in Panama that affects individual rights.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to David Fichman, Committee for Refugee Service, New Orleans, LA.April 8, 1943
  

Razovsky is hopeful that hearings for the detainees in Algiers, LA will be scheduled soon.

47Copy of letter from Razovsky to David Fichman, Committee for Refugee Service, New Orleans, LA.April 8, 1943request_box
  

Razovsky is hopeful that hearings for the detainees in Algiers, LA will be scheduled soon.

 
  Copy of letter from Grete and Leo Friedman, Dallas, TX to Razovsky.April 11, 1943
  

Thanking Razovsky for her help in freeing them from the camp in Seagoville, TX.

47Copy of letter from Grete and Leo Friedman, Dallas, TX to Razovsky.April 11, 1943request_box
  

Thanking Razovsky for her help in freeing them from the camp in Seagoville, TX.

 
  Letter from W.F. Kelly, Assistant Commissioner for Alien Control, U.S. Department of Justice to Razovsky.April 12, 1943
  

Enclosing a list of Jews detained in Algiers, LA.

47Letter from W.F. Kelly, Assistant Commissioner for Alien Control, U.S. Department of Justice to Razovsky.April 12, 1943request_box
  

Enclosing a list of Jews detained in Algiers, LA.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Leo Gitlin, Enemy Alien Control Unit, U.S. Department of Justice.April 28, 1943
  

Razovsky appeals for Gitlin to release those who followed their interned relatives from Panama to the camp.

47Copy of letter from Razovsky to Leo Gitlin, Enemy Alien Control Unit, U.S. Department of Justice.April 28, 1943request_box
  

Razovsky appeals for Gitlin to release those who followed their interned relatives from Panama to the camp.

 
  Letter from Legation of Switzerland to Razovsky.May 4, 1943
  

The Switzerland legation had previously written of a small group of Jews in a Tennessee camp who wish to be moved; later they are unable to provide any names.

47Letter from Legation of Switzerland to Razovsky.May 4, 1943request_box
  

The Switzerland legation had previously written of a small group of Jews in a Tennessee camp who wish to be moved; later they are unable to provide any names.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to David Fichman, Committee for Refugee Service, New Orleans, LA.June 7, 1943
  

Razovsky is still hopeful for hearings, she asks for sponsors for individual families.

47Copy of letter from Razovsky to David Fichman, Committee for Refugee Service, New Orleans, LA.June 7, 1943request_box
  

Razovsky is still hopeful for hearings, she asks for sponsors for individual families.

 
  Letter from Edith Komlos, Refugee Economic Corp. to Razovsky.June 2, 1943
  

Komlos encloses a copy of a letter from Frans R. Dragten. Dragten, a solictor in British Honduras, writes concerning the Honduras Jewish refugees, "... The whole matter was a very serious blunder on the part of somebody, unfortunately these people have been the unfortunate victims of this blunder."

47Letter from Edith Komlos, Refugee Economic Corp. to Razovsky.June 2, 1943request_box
  

Komlos encloses a copy of a letter from Frans R. Dragten. Dragten, a solictor in British Honduras, writes concerning the Honduras Jewish refugees, "... The whole matter was a very serious blunder on the part of somebody, unfortunately these people have been the unfortunate victims of this blunder."

 
48CRD to National Refugee Service to Executive Director1941-1943request_box
  Confidential monthly report.October 10, 1941
  

New law requires entry and exit permits from American and aliens. Professor Chamberlain prepared a statement "Treatment of Enemy Aliens During War-Time." NRS could not secure visas for aliens trying to board two steamers; 81 rabbis and students in Shanghai were passed in transit through the U.S. to Montreal, Canada. Includes statistics for fiscal year ending June 30, 1941.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
48Confidential monthly report.October 10, 1941request_box
  

New law requires entry and exit permits from American and aliens. Professor Chamberlain prepared a statement "Treatment of Enemy Aliens During War-Time." NRS could not secure visas for aliens trying to board two steamers; 81 rabbis and students in Shanghai were passed in transit through the U.S. to Montreal, Canada. Includes statistics for fiscal year ending June 30, 1941.

 
  Memo.October 27, 1941
  

130 Luxemburg refugees were stopped in Spain and are now being threatened with concentration camp arrest.

48Memo.October 27, 1941request_box
  

130 Luxemburg refugees were stopped in Spain and are now being threatened with concentration camp arrest.

 
  Memo.January 28, 1942
  

Arrangement has now been made to facilitate visa approval with the assistance of social agencies.

48Memo.January 28, 1942request_box
  

Arrangement has now been made to facilitate visa approval with the assistance of social agencies.

 
  "Treatment of Enemy Aliens in War Time".February 19, 1942
48"Treatment of Enemy Aliens in War Time".February 19, 1942request_box
  "Report on Committee for Jewish Cultural Activities, 1941."March 10, 1942
  

In the Fall 1940, the Jewish Labor Committee arranged emergency visas for several distinguished writers, labor leaders, and scientists. A separate committee was organized to help the men find placement as Yiddish scholars. NRS is promising a grant to any institution that will match the grant and provide employment.

48"Report on Committee for Jewish Cultural Activities, 1941."March 10, 1942request_box
  

In the Fall 1940, the Jewish Labor Committee arranged emergency visas for several distinguished writers, labor leaders, and scientists. A separate committee was organized to help the men find placement as Yiddish scholars. NRS is promising a grant to any institution that will match the grant and provide employment.

 
  "Report on Philadelphia and Washington Trips, March 11th and March 12th, 1942."March 16, 1942
  

Razovsky heard hearings, went over cases with the Enemy Alien Unit, discussed exempting refugee groups by categories, is advised to wait until the Japanese situation has been resolved.

48"Report on Philadelphia and Washington Trips, March 11th and March 12th, 1942."March 16, 1942request_box
  

Razovsky heard hearings, went over cases with the Enemy Alien Unit, discussed exempting refugee groups by categories, is advised to wait until the Japanese situation has been resolved.

 
  Monthly Report.June 1942
  

Current condition of refugees in the U.S. in regards to immigration law, detainees situation in U.S. internment camps, immigration statistics from March-June.

48Monthly Report.June 1942request_box
  

Current condition of refugees in the U.S. in regards to immigration law, detainees situation in U.S. internment camps, immigration statistics from March-June.

 
  "Report of September 1942."October 6, 1942
  

Attorney General now permits legal visitors or students to accept employment without government prior approval.

48"Report of September 1942."October 6, 1942request_box
  

Attorney General now permits legal visitors or students to accept employment without government prior approval.

 
  Report on Philadelphia VisitOctober 9, 1942
48Report on Philadelphia VisitOctober 9, 1942request_box
  Report on Washington Visit.October 6 and 12, 1942
  

Hearing heard, reports secured for adults and children in Southern France, Razovsky handled a special case for Baron Robert de Rothschild.

48Report on Washington Visit.October 6 and 12, 1942request_box
  

Hearing heard, reports secured for adults and children in Southern France, Razovsky handled a special case for Baron Robert de Rothschild.

 
  Report of Washington Visit.October 23, 1942 and November 3, 1942
  

Section regarding Enemy Control Unit concerns the Jewish internees from British Honduras; Department of State concerns persons detains in Jamaica and Trinidad.

48Report of Washington Visit.October 23, 1942 and November 3, 1942request_box
  

Section regarding Enemy Control Unit concerns the Jewish internees from British Honduras; Department of State concerns persons detains in Jamaica and Trinidad.

 
  Report on Washington, Philadelphia Visits.November 10-11 and 30, 1942
  2 copies.
  

Report chiefly concerns camp internees.

48Report on Washington, Philadelphia Visits.November 10-11 and 30, 1942request_box
  

Report chiefly concerns camp internees.

2 copies.
 
  Report on Washington, Philadelphia Visits.January 19-20, 1943
  

Individual cases discussed, report on situation for detainees in Texas camps.

48Report on Washington, Philadelphia Visits.January 19-20, 1943request_box
  

Individual cases discussed, report on situation for detainees in Texas camps.

 
  Monthly report.January 1943
  

Statistics on NRS activities.

48Monthly report.January 1943request_box
  

Statistics on NRS activities.

 
  Report on Washington, Philadelphia Visits.February 1-2, 1943 and March 3, 1943
  

Individual cases discussed, members of new Committees on Immigration and Naturalization are very conservative, situation for detainees in Texas camps and British Honduras detainess. Attached is a statistics report for the month of February 1943, dated March 3, 1943.

48Report on Washington, Philadelphia Visits.February 1-2, 1943 and March 3, 1943request_box
  

Individual cases discussed, members of new Committees on Immigration and Naturalization are very conservative, situation for detainees in Texas camps and British Honduras detainess. Attached is a statistics report for the month of February 1943, dated March 3, 1943.

 
  Monthly report.April 1943
48Monthly report.April 1943request_box
  Memo to J. Beck, "Re: Action by Board of Immigration Appeal Concerning Aliens Against Whom An Order of Deportation Has Been Entered."May 27, 1943
48Memo to J. Beck, "Re: Action by Board of Immigration Appeal Concerning Aliens Against Whom An Order of Deportation Has Been Entered."May 27, 1943request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
51National Refugee Service - Relief Work1939-1940request_box
  Contains some German.   
  Copy of memo from Razovsky to staff.September 5, 1939
  

Details supervisory responsibility.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
51Copy of memo from Razovsky to staff.September 5, 1939request_box
  

Details supervisory responsibility.

 
  Program for October 24th.October 24, 1939
  

Razovsky plans to speak at three different meetings on the refugee situation.

51Program for October 24th.October 24, 1939request_box
  

Razovsky plans to speak at three different meetings on the refugee situation.

 
  Migration Department report.October 1939
51Migration Department report.October 1939request_box
  Copy of invitation to Razovsky's lectures at three venues.undated, October 24, 1939
  

Attached is the program mentioned in Item #2.

51Copy of invitation to Razovsky's lectures at three venues.undated, October 24, 1939request_box
  

Attached is the program mentioned in Item #2.

 
  "How Does the Refugee Get Here?" by Razovsky.October 28, 1939
  

Discusses U.S. quotas and general immigration regulations.

51"How Does the Refugee Get Here?" by Razovsky.October 28, 1939request_box
  

Discusses U.S. quotas and general immigration regulations.

 
  Report on immigration law in Mexico.October 30, 1939
  

Lists each article of law, including a list of countries with and without quota limits.

51Report on immigration law in Mexico.October 30, 1939request_box
  

Lists each article of law, including a list of countries with and without quota limits.

 
  Copy of letter from Robert Pilpel, Secretary, Subcommittee on Refugee Aid in Central and South America to Luisa Klabin Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil.November 30, 1939
  

Lorch previously wrote that she is organizing a committee to aid Polish Jews. Pilpel answers her question regarding sending clothing to refugees in Poland and refers her to Razovsky regarding bringing Polish refugee children to Brazil.

51Copy of letter from Robert Pilpel, Secretary, Subcommittee on Refugee Aid in Central and South America to Luisa Klabin Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil.November 30, 1939request_box
  

Lorch previously wrote that she is organizing a committee to aid Polish Jews. Pilpel answers her question regarding sending clothing to refugees in Poland and refers her to Razovsky regarding bringing Polish refugee children to Brazil.

 
  Memo from Mr. Greenleigh to Dr. Haber.January 6, 1940
  

Concerning Greenleigh's conference with Mr. Asofsky of HIAS on January 3rd. Designates which agency will handle specific immigration activities: HIAS, NCJW, or NRS.

51Memo from Mr. Greenleigh to Dr. Haber.January 6, 1940request_box
  

Concerning Greenleigh's conference with Mr. Asofsky of HIAS on January 3rd. Designates which agency will handle specific immigration activities: HIAS, NCJW, or NRS.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Lorch.November 19 and December 7, 1939
  

Very few immigrants can leave Poland, committees are now being organized to help Polish refugees; there is a possibility of getting children still in Vienna. Attached is a memo from Razovsky to Robert Pilpel enclosing Dr. Ludwig Lorch's letter dated November 19th. Following is Dr. Ludwig Lorch's letter to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, translated from German, dated November 19, 1939. Dr. Lorch reports on the situation for European Jewish refugees in Brazil.

51Copy of letter from Razovsky to Lorch.November 19 and December 7, 1939request_box
  

Very few immigrants can leave Poland, committees are now being organized to help Polish refugees; there is a possibility of getting children still in Vienna. Attached is a memo from Razovsky to Robert Pilpel enclosing Dr. Ludwig Lorch's letter dated November 19th. Following is Dr. Ludwig Lorch's letter to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, translated from German, dated November 19, 1939. Dr. Lorch reports on the situation for European Jewish refugees in Brazil.

 
  Memo from Razovsky to Miss Marcuse.December 7, 1939 and January 8, 1940
  

Razovsky quotes a report received from Luisa Klabin Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil regarding admitting children to Brazil from war zones. Attached is a letter from Razovsky to Lorch, (See Item #9).

51Memo from Razovsky to Miss Marcuse.December 7, 1939 and January 8, 1940request_box
  

Razovsky quotes a report received from Luisa Klabin Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil regarding admitting children to Brazil from war zones. Attached is a letter from Razovsky to Lorch, (See Item #9).

 
  Executive Office, Memo #40, from Dr. William Haber.January 15, 1940
  

All new applications for transportation assistance for migration to the U.S. and other countries (except for England) must now be referred to HIAS. NRS will handle the requests from England.

51Executive Office, Memo #40, from Dr. William Haber.January 15, 1940request_box
  

All new applications for transportation assistance for migration to the U.S. and other countries (except for England) must now be referred to HIAS. NRS will handle the requests from England.

 
  "On The European Refugees in Shanghai," by the Friends' Centre in Shanghai.April 1940
  

Reply to questions asked by the American Friends' service Committee. Contains background of refugee situation in Shanghai, describes committees who perform refugee relief, condition of refugee camp, future of refugees in China.

51"On The European Refugees in Shanghai," by the Friends' Centre in Shanghai.April 1940request_box
  

Reply to questions asked by the American Friends' service Committee. Contains background of refugee situation in Shanghai, describes committees who perform refugee relief, condition of refugee camp, future of refugees in China.

 
  "Re: Navicerta," by Razovsky.April 3, 1940
  

Concerns refugees now in the U.S. whose baggage is still being held by neutral European ports.

51"Re: Navicerta," by Razovsky.April 3, 1940request_box
  

Concerns refugees now in the U.S. whose baggage is still being held by neutral European ports.

 
  "Cases Successfully Handled by the National Refugee Service for Temporary Asylum in England."April 15, 1940
  2 copies.
51"Cases Successfully Handled by the National Refugee Service for Temporary Asylum in England."April 15, 1940request_box
  2 copies. 
  Memo from Lotte Marcuse, German-Jewish Children's Aid to Razovsky.May 8, 1940
  

Kaete Rosenheim, Reichvereinigung der Juden in Deitschland, Berlin, Germany, had written Marcuse asking for possibilities of admitting refugee children into South American countries.

51Memo from Lotte Marcuse, German-Jewish Children's Aid to Razovsky.May 8, 1940request_box
  

Kaete Rosenheim, Reichvereinigung der Juden in Deitschland, Berlin, Germany, had written Marcuse asking for possibilities of admitting refugee children into South American countries.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Louisa Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil.May 8, 1940
  

Asks Lorch to send her organization's constitution and activities' description to Mrs. Louis Feigenblatt, President of the new Ladies Aid Society in San Jose, Costa Rica. Writes that Dr. Davidson has recently undergone an operation.

51Copy of letter from Razovsky to Louisa Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil.May 8, 1940request_box
  

Asks Lorch to send her organization's constitution and activities' description to Mrs. Louis Feigenblatt, President of the new Ladies Aid Society in San Jose, Costa Rica. Writes that Dr. Davidson has recently undergone an operation.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Jacques Zatvan (her cousin), Paris, France.May 9, 1940
  

Razovsky has forwarded her cousin's affidavit to the American Consul in Paris.

51Copy of letter from Razovsky to Jacques Zatvan (her cousin), Paris, France.May 9, 1940request_box
  

Razovsky has forwarded her cousin's affidavit to the American Consul in Paris.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Kaete Rosenheim, Reichvereinigung der Juden in Deitschland, Berlin, Germany.May 13, 1940
  

Encloses a statement on possibilities for trainees in the Sosua estate in the Dominican Republic; also refers Rosenheim to Lorch in Brazil. Rosenheim is searching for admitting ports for children.

51Copy of letter from Razovsky to Kaete Rosenheim, Reichvereinigung der Juden in Deitschland, Berlin, Germany.May 13, 1940request_box
  

Encloses a statement on possibilities for trainees in the Sosua estate in the Dominican Republic; also refers Rosenheim to Lorch in Brazil. Rosenheim is searching for admitting ports for children.

 
  Summary of Frederick W. Borchard's Report on Refugee Situation in Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 26, 1940.May-June 1940
  

Attached are the following reports: Report on Chile, by Frederick W. Borchardt, June 13, 1940; Report on Bolivia, by Frederick W. Borchardt, June 12, 1940; Report on Uruguay, by Frederick W. Borchardt, May 16, 1940; Report concerning the loan fund administered by the Asociacion Filantropica Israelita of Montevideo, Uruguay, by Adolfo Hirsch, May 8, 1940.

51Summary of Frederick W. Borchard's Report on Refugee Situation in Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 26, 1940.May-June 1940request_box
  

Attached are the following reports: Report on Chile, by Frederick W. Borchardt, June 13, 1940; Report on Bolivia, by Frederick W. Borchardt, June 12, 1940; Report on Uruguay, by Frederick W. Borchardt, May 16, 1940; Report concerning the loan fund administered by the Asociacion Filantropica Israelita of Montevideo, Uruguay, by Adolfo Hirsch, May 8, 1940.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to the Lorchs in São Paulo, Brazil.June 29, 1940 and July 9, 1940
  

Mr. Borchardt had just returned, Dr. Davidson is well again and has gone back to work. Attached is a letter from the Lorches to Razovsky and Davidson.

51Letter from Razovsky to the Lorchs in São Paulo, Brazil.June 29, 1940 and July 9, 1940request_box
  

Mr. Borchardt had just returned, Dr. Davidson is well again and has gone back to work. Attached is a letter from the Lorches to Razovsky and Davidson.

 
  Translation of German letter from Reichsvereinigung.July 1 and 4, 1940
  

Thanking Razovsky for her letter of May 13, 1940 (See Item #18). Enclosed is a copy of a letter written in German from Kaete Rosenheim to Louisa Lorch, São Paulo, July 1, 1940. The English translation follows.

51Translation of German letter from Reichsvereinigung.July 1 and 4, 1940request_box
  

Thanking Razovsky for her letter of May 13, 1940 (See Item #18). Enclosed is a copy of a letter written in German from Kaete Rosenheim to Louisa Lorch, São Paulo, July 1, 1940. The English translation follows.

 
  Letter from Rosenheim to Razovsky in German, with following English translation.July 11, 1940
  

She asks about immigration permits for children in the Philippines.

51Letter from Rosenheim to Razovsky in German, with following English translation.July 11, 1940request_box
  

She asks about immigration permits for children in the Philippines.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Kaete Rosenheim, Berlin, Germany.July 22, 1940
  

Responding to the July 4th letter (See Item #21). Razovsky does not know just what the present situation is for refugees entering Brazil.

51Letter from Razovsky to Kaete Rosenheim, Berlin, Germany.July 22, 1940request_box
  

Responding to the July 4th letter (See Item #21). Razovsky does not know just what the present situation is for refugees entering Brazil.

 
  Letter from Razovsky to Louisa Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil.July 1 and 22, 1940
  

Razovsky has received the copy of the letter Rosenheim sent to Lorch (See Item #21). Mr. Borchardt, recently returned from Brazil, is not hopeful regarding Brazil accepting refugee children.

51Letter from Razovsky to Louisa Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil.July 1 and 22, 1940request_box
  

Razovsky has received the copy of the letter Rosenheim sent to Lorch (See Item #21). Mr. Borchardt, recently returned from Brazil, is not hopeful regarding Brazil accepting refugee children.

 
  Executive Office Memo #65, William Haber.July 26, 1940
  

Effective August 1, 1940, Razovsky will be promoted from Director of Migration Department to Assistant to the Executive Director. Augusta Mayerson will be the acting Director for the Migration Department.

51Executive Office Memo #65, William Haber.July 26, 1940request_box
  

Effective August 1, 1940, Razovsky will be promoted from Director of Migration Department to Assistant to the Executive Director. Augusta Mayerson will be the acting Director for the Migration Department.

 
  Original German and English translation of letter from Luiza Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil to Razovsky.July 30, 1940
  

Lorch encloses a copy of a letter she wrote to Mrs. Feigenblatt (See Item #16). Attached are the original German letter and the English translation from Lorch to Mrs. Louis Feigenblatt, San Jose, Costa Rica. Lorch describes the women's organization in São Paulo and the children's home.

51Original German and English translation of letter from Luiza Lorch, São Paulo, Brazil to Razovsky.July 30, 1940request_box
  

Lorch encloses a copy of a letter she wrote to Mrs. Feigenblatt (See Item #16). Attached are the original German letter and the English translation from Lorch to Mrs. Louis Feigenblatt, San Jose, Costa Rica. Lorch describes the women's organization in São Paulo and the children's home.

 
  Memo from Frederick W. Borchardt to Razovsky.July 31, 1940
  

The Klabin family is trying to get the Brazilian government to bring 300 refugee children into Brazil. He has written to Louisa Lorch for a recent update. Attached is the original German letter from Kaete Rosenheim to Razovsky, July 4, 1940 (See Item #21) and an English translation of Rosenheim's letter dated July 11, 1940 (See Item #22).

51Memo from Frederick W. Borchardt to Razovsky.July 31, 1940request_box
  

The Klabin family is trying to get the Brazilian government to bring 300 refugee children into Brazil. He has written to Louisa Lorch for a recent update. Attached is the original German letter from Kaete Rosenheim to Razovsky, July 4, 1940 (See Item #21) and an English translation of Rosenheim's letter dated July 11, 1940 (See Item #22).

 
  English letter from Kaete Rosenheim to Razovsky.August 13, 1940
  

Rosenheim thanks Razovsky for her letter dated July 22nd, she asks if Razovsky would again write to Brazil.

51English letter from Kaete Rosenheim to Razovsky.August 13, 1940request_box
  

Rosenheim thanks Razovsky for her letter dated July 22nd, she asks if Razovsky would again write to Brazil.

 
  Letter from Robert Pilpel, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, to Razovsky.September 4, 1940
  

Pilpel encloses a translated letter from the Joint in La Pax, Bolivia, August 23, 1940. This letter, addressed to Frederick W. Borchardt, NRS, discusses "the cold shoulder," the U.S. Consul in Bolivia occasionally shows to refugees.

51Letter from Robert Pilpel, American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, to Razovsky.September 4, 1940request_box
  

Pilpel encloses a translated letter from the Joint in La Pax, Bolivia, August 23, 1940. This letter, addressed to Frederick W. Borchardt, NRS, discusses "the cold shoulder," the U.S. Consul in Bolivia occasionally shows to refugees.

 
  German letter and English translation from Luiza Lorch to Razovsky.August 23, 1940
  

Lorch needs to wait until next week to reply to the Reichsvereinigung and will keep Razovsky informed. She asks after Dr. Davidson.

51German letter and English translation from Luiza Lorch to Razovsky.August 23, 1940request_box
  

Lorch needs to wait until next week to reply to the Reichsvereinigung and will keep Razovsky informed. She asks after Dr. Davidson.

 
  Copy of letter from Razovsky to Herbert S. Frieder, Jewish Refu